Impact of quality assurance initiative on Pakistani universities

Journal Article
QA Initiatives, QA in Higher Education
Issue Number
Volume Number
Publication Abstract

Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Pakistan was formally initiated when Quality
Assurance Agency was established under Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. This
Quality Assurance Agency established Quality Enhancement Cells in public and private sector
universities and they were given the task of conducting Program Evaluation through
Self-Assessment using the guidelines provided by the QAA of Higher Education Commission.
All the Quality Enhancement Cells were required to submit the Self-Assessment Reports of
all the programs being offered at their respective university on set criteria. The current paper
is a descriptive study which was conducted to review the impact of program evaluation on
Pakistani universities. Data available with Quality Assurance Agency, Pakistan and field notes
were used as tools to evaluate the efficacy and impact of quality assurance initiatives in
Pakistani universities. The data shows that a very large number of programs in different
universities prepared program evaluation reports and submitted for external review of the
reports. External reviews resulted into action plans for rectifications identified during external
review. Finally, the program evaluation reports were graded on a rubric in order to rank
departments within a university. The study shows that quality assurance mechanism has got
its firm roots at micro level i.e. at university level in Pakistan under the supervision of Quality
Assurance Agency of Pakistan. Different programs of the universities run program evaluation
cycle and report to their own Quality Enhancement Cells which in turn does a regular follow
up of issues identified for assuring the provision of quality education. These cells finally
report to the Quality Assurance Agency of the outcomes of program evaluation cycle.