Biomechanics in Sports and Exercise

Book
Publication Work Type
Traslation
Publishing City
Riyadh
Publisher Name
King Saud University
Book Title
Biomechanics in Sports and Exercise
Conference Date
Sponsoring Organization
King Saud University
School
Sports Sciences and Physical Activity
Publication Abstract

 

This book has been written for the purpose of introducing undergraduate students to the field of biomechanics in sport and physical activity. The book is primarily intended for undergraduate students and specialists in kinesiology, training sciences or physical education, but it is also suitable for students studying human movement fields in general. Most of the examples and applications in the book come from sports or training, but it also contains examples of clinical and everyday human movement activities. It does not matter which field of movement readers are interested in, as it is beneficial for them to have knowledge of the field of mechanics in their field.
The majority of official information for many anthropometric professionals comes only from a single undergraduate course in kinesiology or biomechanics, and this book may have taken this limitation into account.
The objective of this book and its additional scientific material is to provide a clear, concise and easy introduction to the field of human motion biomechanics.
The third version evolved from its predecessors in several ways, as images and shapes were updated, and new scientific material was added, including new examples of sports, new problems, and detailing images of modern technology used by researchers in quantitative biomechanical analysis.
Review questions and problems have been added to many chapters and many problems are graphically enhanced to help the student visualize the nature of real-world mechanics.
What is also new in this edition is the introduction of the kinetic video analysis program throughout the book.
By purchasing the new book, students receive a license and instructions for downloading the educational version of MaxTRAQ kinetic analysis software, along with a number of videos. Chapters 2, 3, 4, and 6 include exercises that require the use of MaxTRAQ software to measure kinematic variables in many of the videos that come with the software. The software can also be used to analyze human movement in recorded and user-provided videos.
Chapter 16 also contains an exercise where students can record and analyze their own video.
The order of the book remains the same, as the introductory chapter gives an introduction to the field of biomechanics, which includes justification for the study of the field of biomechanics, a brief exposition of the structure of mechanics, and an introduction to measurement systems.
The rest of the book is divided into three chapters.
The first chapter deals with external biomechanics or external forces and their effect on the body and its movement. The mechanics of the rigid body and its applications to human movement are the main topic of this part of the book.
 Mechanics is one of the most difficult subjects to understand for undergraduate students studying human movement; Therefore, it is considered the most important and largest part of the book.
The order of presentation of topics in this section differs from that in most other biomechanics books.
The first chapter introduces the concepts of force and static equilibrium, with forces as examples. This chapter introduces vector addition and analysis. The use of trigonometry in summing and analyzing forces is also explained. The second chapter discusses the equations that describe the motion of a body subject to constant acceleration and their application in describing the motion of a projectile body.
The third chapter introduces the causes of linear motion and introduces Newton's three laws of motion as well as the principle of conservation of momentum. The fourth chapter deals with the mechanical work done by the muscles.
Torque, force, and center of gravity are presented in Chapter 5 as they precede rotational kinematics in Chapter 6.
The causes of rotational motion are given in Chapter 7 along with the rotational analogue signals of Newton's three laws of motion. The first chapter concludes with a breakdown of fluid mechanics in Chapter Eight.
The second chapter deals with internal biomechanics or internal forces and their impact on the body and its movement. This part begins in the ninth chapter dealing with the mechanics of the biological materials of the body, and responds to the concepts of stress and strain in this chapter, along with a number of concepts of the strength of matter. A brief overview of the skeletal system, the muscular system, and the control of the nervous system are given in Chapters 10, 11, 12.
The third chapter deals with the application of the science of biomechanics. The common methods of applying biomechanics to the analysis of sports or human movement skills are presented in the first three chapters of this part. The first of these chapters, the thirteenth chapter, presents the procedures for completing qualitative biomechanical analyzes to improve the technique of sports performance, and the fourteenth chapter presents the method of biomechanical analysis to improve training, and in this chapter the qualitative procedure is emphasized in order to identify the active muscle groups during Movement stages or parts.
Chapter fifteen presents a paper on how to use qualitative biomechanical analysis in understanding the etiology of infection.
This chapter was written by Stephen Macau. And chapter sixteen, which is the final chapter of this book, which provides a brief presentation on the technological means used in conducting biomechanical analyzes.
The goal throughout the book, and especially in the first chapter, is to allow students to discover the principles of mechanics for themselves.
The usual activities are observed and then explanations are given for those activities. The resulting explanations show the underlying mechanical concepts. The discovery process requires more active participation from the reader but results in a better understanding of the topic.
What makes this book unique among others in the field of biomechanics is the order of presentation, as in most undergraduate biomechanics books functional anatomy is presented before mechanics, while this book introduces mechanics first. Bones and ligaments are the building blocks that support the human body, and muscles are the motors that move this body

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