Basic Emergency Care (CHS 243)

I. Introduction to basic emergency care

     Anatomy and physiology 

 

1

3

II. Vital signs

 

1

3

III. Patient assessment and Care of unconscious patient and wound care

                                              

1

 

3

IV. Wound care and bleeding - epistaxis

 

1

3

V.  Burns    -    Heat illness

 

1

3

VI. Shock

1

3

VII – Fractures and dislocation

1

3

VIII – Bronchial asthma,

Diabetes mellitus

 

1

 

3

IX. Heart attack and stroke

 

1

3

X. Basic life support

  • CPR
  • CHOCKING

 

2

 

6

Revision

1

2

Recommended references:

·        

 First aid manual by AMERICAN COLLEGE EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS

Lecture (1):

Introduction to basic emergency care

Basic anatomy and physiology of:

  • Cardiovascular system.
  • Respiratory system.
  • Nervous system.
  • Musculoskeletal system. 

 

Lecture (2):

Vital signs:

Pulse

Respiration.

Temperature.

Blood pressure.

Pupils.

Colors.

Level of consciousness.

 

Lecture (3):

Patient assessment:  

Primary survey.

Secondary survey. 

Care of unconscious patient and wound care

Definition of consciousness Causes of unconsciousness.

Emergency care of unconscious patient.

                                            

Lecture (4):

Wounds

Types.

Materials for wound care ( dressing, bandage)

General measures for wound care.

Care of minor wounds.

Care of impaled wounds.

 Bleeding:

Methods used to control bleeding.

Internal bleeding.

Epistaxis:   Causes,  First aid treatment ,Hospital management

 

Lecture (5)

Burns :

Causes.

Classification.

Rule of Nines.

Emergency care.

  

Lecture (6):

Shock: Definition.

Signs and symptoms.

Classification.

General measures in management.

Lecture (7):

 Fractures: Definition.

Types of fractures.

Signs and symptoms.

General principles for treatment.

Application of splints.

Dislocation: definition, signs and symptoms, first aid treatment

 

Lecture (8):

Bronchial asthma: Definition.

Clinical features.

Management.

 

Diabetes mellitus :

Classification.

Etiology.

Clinical picture.

Diagnosis.

Management.

 

Lecture (9):

Heart attack:

Major risk factors.

Coronary artery disease:

  • Angina pectoris.
  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Sudden cardiac death.

Management.

Stroke: Definition.

Risk factors.

Clinical manifestations. First aid care.

 

Lecture (10-11):

Basic life support:

CPR: one man or two men rescuer

·        

 Adult victim

·        

Child up to adolescent.

·        

infant

Chocking: First aid management:

·        

Adult

·        

Child.

·        

Infant.

 

Lecture (12):

Revision

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