Sex differences in medicine include sex-specific diseases, which are diseases that occur only in people of one sex; and sex-related diseases, which are diseases that are more usual to one sex, or which manifest differently in each sex. For example, certain autoimmune diseases may occur predominantly in one sex, for unknown reasons. 90% of primary biliary cirrhosis cases are women, whereas primary sclerosing cholangitis is more common in men. Gender-based medicine, also called "gender medicine", is the field of medicine that studies the biological and physiological differences between the human sexes and how that affects differences in disease. Traditionally, medical research has mostly been conducted using the male body as the basis for clinical studies. Similar findings are also reported in the sport medicine literature where males typically account for >60% of the individuals studied.[6] The findings of these studies have often been applied across the sexes and healthcare providers have assumed a uniform approach in treating both male and female patients. More recently, medical research has started to understand the importance of taking the sex into account as the symptoms and responses to medical treatment may be very different between sexes
of fabricius). Histology of the sense organs (ear, eye, taste buds). Histology of the endocrine glands (thyroid, pituitary, adrenal glands). Histology of the central nervous system. Histology of…
Regulation of immune responses and effectors mechanisms. Molecular regulation of MHC and immunoglobulin production, their types and classes. Functions and types of B and T cell receptors and CD…
Overview of different types of immune responses – cellular interaction in the immune system – the immune response regulation – Immunogenetics – Autoimmunity and autoimmunte diseases (causes of…

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