Sex differences in medicine include sex-specific diseases, which are diseases that occur only in people of one sex; and sex-related diseases, which are diseases that are more usual to one sex, or which manifest differently in each sex. For example, certain autoimmune diseases may occur predominantly in one sex, for unknown reasons. 90% of primary biliary cirrhosis cases are women, whereas primary sclerosing cholangitis is more common in men. Gender-based medicine, also called "gender medicine", is the field of medicine that studies the biological and physiological differences between the human sexes and how that affects differences in disease. Traditionally, medical research has mostly been conducted using the male body as the basis for clinical studies. Similar findings are also reported in the sport medicine literature where males typically account for >60% of the individuals studied.[6] The findings of these studies have often been applied across the sexes and healthcare providers have assumed a uniform approach in treating both male and female patients. More recently, medical research has started to understand the importance of taking the sex into account as the symptoms and responses to medical treatment may be very different between sexes
Background in immunology, including: definition and history of immunology, structure of cells and organs of the immune system, innate immunity, complement system, passive, negative and adoptive…
دراسة بيولوجية عامة للخلية الحيوانية ومكوناتها ووظائفها، ودراسة جزيئية لألحماض النووية والوراثة واإلشارات الكيميائية (لهرمونات)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system described by diffuse regions of inflammation and demyelination .The disease aetiology is currently unknown and its…
Studies indicate female mice are more susceptible to T. gondii infection in comparison to male mice. The following studies were undertaken to enhance our understanding about the influence…

المدونات

لا يوجد محتوى حتى الآن