CHEM 341: Heterocyclic Organic Chemistry

The course title will provide the student in the 4th level a fundamental of heterocyclic organic compounds including:

Heterocycles, Nomenclature, Aromaticity, Five-membered heterocycles: Pyrroles, Indoles, Diazoles, Synthesis, Reactions, Cycloaddition Reactions, Six-membered heterocycles, Pyridine, quinoline, Basicity, Synthesis, Reactions. Heterocyclic compounds versus microbes, Antibiotics, antitumors and as Dyes. Biologically important Heterocycles, Uracils and Purins, Carbohydrates, Definition, Nomenclature, Classification, Monosaccarides: absolute configuration, cyclic structures, oxidation, reduction, osazones, ascorbic acid, amino sugars. Oligosaccarides and Polysaccarides, Cellulose technology, Amino acids, Proteins, Natural amino acids: Properties, Synthesis and Reactions, Synthesis of Peptides, Protein classification, Lipids, Classification, Waxes, Oils and Fats (Glycerides), Synthesis and Properties of Glycerides, Glycolipids.


Course Main Objective

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Name heterocyclic, carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, protein and lipids of organic compounds using IUPAC and COMMEN naming system, their occurrence in nature, physical properties.
  • Identify, classify, synthesis and reactions of the major functional groups the above compounds. 
  • Understanding the reaction of functional groups and families of these organic compounds.
  • The practical uses of these organic compounds as drugs, food additives, pesticides, plastics, and other products, as well as their occurrence in nature.
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Course Materials