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Shaun Sabico

Assistant Professor

Assistant Professor and Deputy Director

كلية العلوم
Chair for Biomarkers of Chronic Diseases, Biochemistry Department, College of Science, KSU
publication
Journal Article
2024

Circulating Interleukins-33 and -37 and Their Associations with Metabolic Syndrome in Arab Adults

Interleukins (ILs) are a group of cytokines known to have immunomodulatory effects; they include ILs-33 and -37 whose emerging roles in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain under investigated. In this study, we compared circulating IL-33 and IL-37 in Arab adults with and without MetS to determine its associations with MetS components. A total of 417 Saudi participants (151 males, 266 females; mean age ± SD 41.3 ± 9.0 years; mean body mass index ± SD 30.7 ± 6.3 kg/m2) were enrolled and screened for MetS using the ATP III criteria. Anthropometrics and fasting blood samples were taken for the assessment of fasting glucose and lipids. Circulating levels of IL-33 and IL-37 were measured using commercially available assays. The results showed higher levels of serum IL-33 and IL-37 in participants with MetS than those without (IL-33, 3.34 3.42 (2.3-3.9) vs. (1-3.9), p = 0.057; IL-37, 5.1 (2.2-8.3) vs. 2.9 (2.1-6.1), p = 0.01). Additionally, having elevated levels of IL-33 was a risk factor for hypertension, low HDL-c, and hypertriglyceridemia. A stratification of the participants according to sex showed that males had higher IL-33 levels than females [3.7 (3.0-4.1) vs. 3.15 (1.4-3.8), p < 0.001], while females had higher levels of IL-37 than males [3.01 (2.2-7.0) vs. 2.9 (2.1-5.6), p = 0.06]. In conclusion, the presence of MetS substantially alters the expression of ILs-33 and -37. IL-33 in particular can be potentially used as a therapeutic target to prevent MetS progression. Longitudinal and interventional studies are warranted to confirm present findings.

Publisher Name
MDPI
Publishing City
Basel
Volume Number
25
Issue Number
2
Magazine \ Newspaper
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Pages
699
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Published in:
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Published in:
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Published in:
Springer Nature