Dietary Intake and Supplement Use Among Saudi Residents during COVID-19 Lockdown

مقال فى مجلة
نوع عمل المنشور
دكتوراة
مدينة النشر
MDPIST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
رابط النشر على الانترنت
اسم الناشر
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
مجلة/صحيفة
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
رقم الانشاء
12
رقم المجلد
18
الصفحات
6435
ملخص المنشورات

Abstract
Healthy diet and supplement use may prove as sustainable strategies to lower COVID-19 infection. Our study investigated the dietary changes before and during lockdown and observed dietary supplements (DS) use among residents in Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study collected data via an online electronic survey questionnaire among males (N = 921) and females (N = 1044) residing in Saudi Arabia, 15 years of age and above. There was a significant decrease in the prevalence of males (before vs. during lockdown) having improved changes in dietary habit (68.6% vs. 65.8%; p = 0.004), which was similar in female participants (69 vs. 73.4% vs. 69%; p < 0.001). The frequency of multivitamin users among COVID-19 participants was significantly lower than non-users (44.4 vs. 55.6; p < 0.003). Male respondents within 26-35 years of age were more likely to use multivitamin supplements than females (30.1 vs. 22.6%; p < 0.05) of same age group. Predictors for DS use were increased age group, income, education level and COVID-19 status. In conclusion, an increase in unhealthy diet behavior was observed among Saudi males and females during the pandemic lockdown and the predictors of DS use included increased age, income, education level and COVID-19 status.

Keywords: COVID-19; Saudi Arabia; diet behavior; dietary supplements; education; income; multivitamin.

المرفقات
المرفق الحجم
Dietary Intake and Supplement 351.25 كيلوبايت