Bioproduction of (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate (ZETA), the major pheromone component of Plodia, Ephestia, and Spodoptera species in yeast

مقال فى مجلة
Bioproduction of ZETA pheromone
نوع عمل المنشور
رابط النشر على الانترنت
اسم الناشر
رقم المجلد
ملخص المنشورات

BACKGROUND: (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate (ZETA, Z9,E12-14:OAc) is a major sex pheromone component for many stored-product moth species. This pheromone is used worldwide for mating disruption, detection, monitoring, and mass trap-ping in raw and processed food storage facilities. In this study, we demonstrate the biological production of ZETA pheromone by engineered yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae. RESULTS: We mined the pheromone gland transcriptome data of the almond moth, Ephestia(Cadra)cautella(Walker), to trace a novel E12 fatty acyl desaturase and expressed candidates heterologously in yeast and Sf9 systems. Furthermore, we demonstrated a tailor-made ZETA pheromone bioproduction in yeast through metabolic engineering using this E12 desaturase, in combination with three genes from various sources coding for a Z9 desaturase, a fatty acyl reductase, and an acetyltransferase, respectively. Electrophysiological assays (gas chromatography coupled to an electroantennographic detector) proved that the transgenic yeast-produced ZETA pheromone component elicits distinct antennal responses. CONCLUSION: The reconstructed biosynthetic pathway in yeast efficiently produces ZETA pheromone, leaves an undetectable level of biosynthetic intermediates, and paves the way for the economically competitive high-demand ZETA pheromone's bio-production technology for high-value storage pest control.