Publications

Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in arable lands has become a serious matter for food security. Among various approaches, the application of nanoparticles (NPs) for remediation of contaminated water and soils is attaining more popularity worldwide. The...
The aim of present work was to evaluate the effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) on rice's growth (Oryza sativa L.) and nutrient availability under different soil textures. Greenhouse experiment was carried out with three soil...
This study investigated the stress responses of cinnamic acid (CA) in pea plants and explored the protective role of spermidine (SPD) against CA-induced adverse effects. Pea seedlings exposed to CA had reduced length, biomass, moisture, chlorophyll...
The modulatory effect of opera was investigated on the physiological and morphological aspects in soybean thriving in water stress environment. The data procured from current investigation indicated that water stress significantly declined the plant...
Salinity is extremely hazardous to agriculture worldwide and its expanding constantly. Soil of almost 100 countries facing salinity problem including Pakistan. Cyperus laevigatus also act as salinity indicator species is a naturally adapted...
Nematodes are the most diverse and highly significant group of soil-inhabiting microorganisms that play a vital role in organic material decomposition and nutrient recycling. Diverse geographical locations and environmental gradients show a...
The present study explored the feasibility of waste biomass viz., Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) deoiled cake (KDC), and sundried biogas slurry (BGS) as a mixed substrate to develop Purpureocillium lilacinum 6029 based fungal formulation against plant-...
Drought and heavy metal stress undesirably disturb soil fertility and plant growth. Heavy metals pose severe biological toxic effects. Biochar, a carbon rich source application ameliorates this stress by increasing the plant growth, biomass,...
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are widely applied in industrial, household and medical areas that lead to its discharge and accumulation in ecosystem. Here, the toxic effect of ZnO NPs in presence and absence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was...
The present study reveals the effect of mercury (Hg) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on plant growth and metabolism in soybean cultivars (Pusa-24, Pusa-37and Pusa-40). Mercury stress decreased growth and biomass yield, and gas exchange attributes in...
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) has been demonstrated to positively regulate plant tolerance to multiple environmental stresses. However, till date little information has been gained regarding the role of ZnO-NPs in the salt stress regulation in...
Massive production of carcinogenic fly ash waste poses severe threats to water bodies due to its disposal into drains and landfills. Fly ash can be a source of raw materials for the synthesis of adsorbents. Rag fly ash as a new class of raw...
The socio-economic development of a country is highly dependent on water availability. Nowadays, increasing water scarcity is a major global challenge. Continuing improvements in water-use efficiency are essential for cotton production...
Lead (Pb) is one of the most toxic elements on earth. The main origins of Pb pollution are automobiles, paint and electroplating industries. Pb-induced stress has very toxic effects on plant growth and biomass. The concentration of reactive oxygen...
The natural populations of Dactylorhiza hatagirea have been greatly affected due to incessant exploitation. As such, studies on its population attributes together with habitat suitability and environmental factors affecting its distribution are...
Freshwater lakes present an ecological border between humans and a variety of host organisms. The present study was designed to evaluate the microbiota composition and distribution in Dal Lake at Srinagar, India. The non-chimeric sequence reads were...
The influence of seed priming with varying levels (50 and 100 mg L-1) of alpha-tocopherol (Toc) was investigated in carrot plants under water-deficit conditions. For this purpose, two cultivars of carrot, DC4 and DC90, were selected and subjected to...
Pakistan is facing severe water shortages, so using the available water efficiently is essential for maximizing crop production. This can be achieved through efficient irrigation practices. Field studies were carried out to determine the dynamics of...
Biochar amendments are widely recognized to improve crop productivity and soil biogeochemical quality, however, their effects on vegetable crops are less studied. This pot study investigated the effects of cotton stick, corncob and rice straw...
The world population will rise in future, which would demand more wheat production to fulfil dietary needs of wheat-dependent population of the world. Food security in wheat-dependent regions will greatly rely on wheat productivity. Weed infestation...
The contamination of agricultural soils with cadmium (Cd) is one of the serious worldwide concerns for food security. Biochar and organic manures have been known for enhancing plant growth and minimizing toxic trace element stress in plants. However...
The present study evaluated the effects of exogenous hemin on cadmium toxicity in terms of metal accretion and stress resilience in Vigna radiata L. (Wilczek). One-week-old seedlings were treated with CdCl2 (50 mu M) alone and in combination with...
The extensive use of lithium (Li) ion-based batteries has increased the contamination of soil and water systems due to widespread dispersal of Li products in the environment. In the current study, the influence of Li application on soil fertility...
The existence of genetic diversity in Crocus sativus has globally remained a mystery till date. The study investigated PCR based DNA amplification profile of saffron using ISSR and RAPD based primers. A total of 38 amplicons were generated by ISSR...
Vegetable production is hampered by several abiotic stresses which are very common in this era of climate change. There is a huge pressure on the plants to survive and yield better results even in the prevalence of various environmental stresses...
Description Plant Metabolites and Regulation Under Environmental Stress presents the latest research on both primary and secondary metabolites. The book sheds light on the metabolic pathways of primary and secondary metabolites, the role of these...
A guide to environmental fluctuations that examines photosynthesis under both controlled and stressed conditions Photosynthesis, Productivity and Environmental Stress is a much-needed guide that explores the topics related to photosynthesis (both...
Rate of emergence of seedlings from the uppermost 2 cm layer of soil from different habitats of the desert of North, South-west and South-East of Riyadh City in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia was examined. In most of the sites the emergence of...
A broad vegetation analysis has been carried out in one of the prominent Rawdhats (Rawdhat Khorim) in the Central region of Saudi Arabia. The vegetation of the study site which is protected from off road traffic is unusually rich, compared to the...
Vigna ambacensis plants grown hydroponically in a Hoagland nutrient solution with either nitrate or ammonia as a source of nitrogen and NaCl a 0,40, 80 and 160 mM concentrations showed reduction in all growth parameters where ammonia was used as...
Soil-seed content of the desert vegetation in Wadi Al-Ammaria Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was evaluated. The soil seed bank was assessed using soil sample, from eight community types which form distinct vegetation units of the study area. The germinable...
This paper describe ethnobotanical and pharmaceutical importance of Capparis spinosa L, (Capparidaceae) used by many local people since century under the traditional, Ayurvedeic, Chinese and Unani system of medicine. The present endeavour was,...
Wild medicinal plants gathering for the treatment of various human ailments is an ancient tradition that has endured in mountainous areas of Pakistan. In order to understand the pattern and uses of plants, a study on the Ethnopharmaceutically...
This paper describes the domestication and economic potential of the cultivation of some therapeutically important medicinal plants. Pakistan is home to precious wide range of globally threatened species of plant resources with a number of...
A study on the population structure of Persicaria amplexicaule, Valeriana jatamansi and Viola serpens was conducted during 2002 - 2004 in different ecologically important sites of Malam Jabba, Swat, Pakistan. The results revealed that overall...
Current study was undertaken during summer 2010 in Saudi Arabia, with the aim to investigate the significance of medicinal plants and their use in the treatment of different ailments in livestock. The plants were collected, properly identified, and...
Seeds of two local cultivars (dark and white) of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) were chemically analyzed for their physico-chemical characters specific gravity, refractive index, acidity, peroxide value, iodine number, saponification number and...
The powder and decoction of Lycium shawii Roem and Schult (Solonaceae) aerial part are used as a folklore remedy in the treatment of diabetes by the local community in various parts of Saudi Arabia. In the present study, attempts were made to...
A study on the pharmaceutical importance of some medicinal pants used for the treatment of livestock ailments was conducted during summer 2010 in different parts of Saudi Arabia, where no such study has been conducted so far. The aim of the study...
Among various environmental stresses, salt stress is extensively damaging to major crops all over the world. An experiment was conducted to explore the role of exogenously applied 28 homobrassinolide (HBL) and salicylic acid (SA) on growth,...
The presence of cadmium in the soil above a particular level is proposed to check not only plant growth but also productivity and fruit quality. Therefore, in the present study investigations are directed to evaluate the effect of four levels of...
The present study reveals that the foliar application of salicylic acid (SA), irrespective of the concentration used, generated an increase of dry mass per plant, nodule dry mass and leghemoglobin content in chickpea plants. The activity of...
Cadmium (Cd) in soil is enriched through several leaky management agricultural practices and natural resources. Cd enriched soil is inevitable cause of nutritional stress besides Cd induced toxicity symptoms and physiological malfunctions. Redox...
The present experiment was conducted to elucidate the physio-morphological and biochemical responses of chickpea plants exposed to 0, 25, 50 or 100 mg cadmium (Cd) per kg of soil. Cd was given in the form of CdCl2. It was observed that all the...
Prior to sowing, seeds of Brassica juncea Czern and Coss cv. Varuna were soaked in water (controls) or in 50, 100 or 150 mM of sodium chloride (NaCl) for 6 h. The resulting plants, at 15, 30 and 45 days after sowing (DAS) were either not treated (...
Seeds of chickpea inoculated with Rhizobium were sown in pots supplemented with different doses of cadmium (0, 25, 50 or 100 mg per kg of soil). At the stage of 30 days after sowing (DAS), the plants were sprayed with 20 mM solution of proline and...
The objective was to look at the effect of anthropogenic activities on the accumulation of heavy metals; in four legumes crop plants. Pisum sativum L., Vicia faba L., Glycine max and Vigna sinensis, during summer and winter plants exposed to five...
An experiment was conducted to examine the extent of low-temperature stress during early seed germination and to investigate the mitigating effects of brassinosteroids. Sterilized Cicer arietinum seeds were soaked in distilled water for 24 h then...
The present study was designed with an objective to elucidate the cumulative effect of the exogenous application of 20 mM proline and 10(-5) M of salicylic acid (SA) on the physio-morphological changes in chickpea plants exposed to 0, 25, 50, or 100...
Wadi Hanifah, one of the most important valleys within the city of Riyadh - Saudi Arabia, has served as a natural wastewater drainage system for the city. For the past 20 years, however, this valley has been treated as a dumping site. Many...
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of salicylic acid (SA) on nitrogen fixation and assimilation under conditions of cadmium stress in chickpea plants. Chickpea seeds were sown in pots containing 0, 25, 50, or 100 mg of cadmium per...
The present experiment was carried out to elucidate the changes in photosynthetic attributes, cadmium (Cd) accumulation, and the activity of enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in moong plants under Cd (0, 25, 50 mg kg(-1) of soil) stress. Cd was given...
This study examines the impact of 28-homobrassinolide (HBL) in alleviating the effects of cadmium (Cd) and salinity (NaC1) on wheat plants solely and against the synergy. The surface sterilized seeds of Triticum aestivum cv. PBW-373 were sown in the...
The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of the continuously increasing anthropogenic activities around Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on the accumulation of heavy metals in leguminous crops. This study determined whether four legume crops, Pisum...
The present study was designed with an objective to elucidate the effect of the exogenous application of 10(-5) M of salicylic acid (SA) to the foliage of the chickpea plants exposed to 0, 25, 50 or 100 mg cadmium (Cd) per kg of soil The foliage of...
A study was undertaken to examine the different levels of drought stress during early seed germination and to explore the response of 28-homobrassinolide (HBL) as potent stress alleviator. Sterilized seeds of Vigna radiata (T-44 and PDM-139) were...
The leaf of Cicer arietinum L. was sprayed with different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 or 50 mM) of proline at 30 days after sowing (DAS). A lower concentration (20 mM) proved to be the best, and significantly enhanced the growth...
Cadmium, a non-essential and toxic metal, negatively affects plant growth and productivity, and alters the plant's physiological processes necessary for its survival. The present study was designed to explore the individual and combined effects of...
The study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Vigna ambacensis L as phytostabilizer using contaminated soil sediments. Soil sediment was collected from five different sites (T1-T5) located in Wadi Hanifa Riyadh Saudi Arabia. The experiments...
A study was undertaken to examine the different level of drought stress under different stages of growth on the basis of physiological and biochemical traits. Sterilized seeds of Vigna radiata (T-44 and PDM-139) were inoculated with specific...
Seeds of chickpea were sown in the pots supplemented with 0, 25, 50 or 100 mg of cadmium per kg of soil. At the stage of 30 days after sowing (DAS), the raised plants were sprayed with 20 mM proline except for the control plants which received...
A study was undertaken to examine the morpho-physiological alterations under different concentrations of 28-homobrassinolide (HBL) in two contrasting varieties of Vigna radiata. Sterilized seeds of V. radiata (T-44 and PDM-139) were inoculated with...
We examined the role of jasmonic acid (JA) in faba bean under cadmium (Cd) stress, which reduces the growth, biomass yield, leaf relative water content (LRWC) and pigment systems. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde [MDA...
Increasing global population, urbanization and industrialization are increasing the rate of conversion of arable land into wasteland. Supplying food to an ever-increasing population is one of the biggest challenges that agriculturalists and plant...
The present study investigated the effects of cadmium stress on the growth, physio-biochemical attributes, and enzyme activity of five soybean genotypes. Cadmium stress significantly reduced growth attributes, such as the length of plant shoots and...
Providing sufficient food to burgeoning population from the steadily shrinking arable land seems to be very difficult in near future and is one of the foremost challenges for plant scientists. In addition, there are several biotic and abiotic...
The present study examined the effect of jasmonic acid (JA) on physio-biochemical attributes, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) activity, total phenolics, flavonoids, quantitative and qualitative assay of phenolic compounds in 7-day-old Vigna...
This study examined the protective effect of Zn on salt-stressed Brassica juncea plants using some key morphological and biochemical attributes at different developmental stages (30, 60, and 90 days after treatment [DAT]). Salt stress (200 mM)...
Experiments were carried out to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in ameliorating the negative effects of cadmium stress in tomato seedlings. Plants treated with cadmium (CdCl2, 150 mu M) showed reduced growth, biomass yield, pigment content...
In the present study we tried to evaluate the effect of salicylic acid (SA) in alleviating the negative effects of salinity stress. NaCl stress (50 and 100 mM) declines the shoot and root length and maximum decrease was observed at 100 mM...
The present study demonstrated the combined effect of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid against lead (Pb, 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 mM) toxicity in Brassica juncea seedlings. Various parameters including water status, metal uptake, total water- and...
A liquid chromatography quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QqTOF-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous quantitative analysis of ibuprofen (IBU), 1- and 2-hydroxyibuprofen (1-OH IBU and 2-OH IBU), and carboxyibuprofen (CBX IBU)...
We investigated the effects of exogenous application of jasmonic acid (JA) and nitric oxide (NO) on growth, antioxidant metabolism, physio-biochemical attributes and metabolite accumulation, in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants exposed to salt...
The present study aimed at the potential role of selenium in providing protection to plants subjected to chromium toxicity. The study was carried out on 15-day-old seedlings of Brassica juncea raised in the solutions of Cr (300 mu M) and Se (2, 4...
Melatonin is a pleiotropic signal molecule that plays critical roles in regulating plant growth and development, as well as providing physiological protections against various environmental stresses. Nonetheless, the mechanisms for melatonin-...
Environmental pollution by alkaline salts, such as Na2CO3, is a permanent problem in agriculture. Here, we examined the putative role of jasmonic acid (JA) in improving Na2CO3-stress tolerance in maize seedlings. Pretreatment of maize seedlings with...
Pot experiments were conducted to investigate the role of selenium in alleviating cadmium stress in Solanum lycopersicum seedlings. Cadmium (150 mg L-1) treatment caused a significant reduction in growth in terms of height and biomass accumulation...
Plant parasitic nematodes cause severe damage to cultivated crops globally. Management of nematode population is a major concern as chemicals used as nematicides have negative impact on the environment. Natural plant products can be safely used for...
The effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL, 10(-6) M) on mitigation of mercury (Hg, 15 mu M and 30 mu M HgCl2) toxicity on growth, physio-biochemical attributes, and antioxidant enzymes in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) were evaluated. Mercury (Hg)-...
Brassinosteroids are known to manage various stresses including heavy metals in plants and castasterone is a bioactive form of brassinosteroids. Citric acid, a known metal chelator which is an intermediate of tricarboxylic cycle, is involved in...
Possible involvement of calcium (Ca) and zinc (Zn) in mitigation of salt (NaCl) stress-induced oxidative damage in Brassica juncea was investigated. Salt stress (200mM NaCl) reduced leaf pigment synthesis and some key photosynthetic attributes...
Lead (Pb) is considered one the most hazardous pollutant, and its accumulation in soil and plants is of prime concern. To understand the role of plant hormones in combating heavy metal stress, the present study was planned to assess the interactive...
Understanding the symbiotic performance of rhizobia and responses of plant root systems to mineral nutrient supply will facilitate the development of strategies to enhance effective rhizobia-legume symbioses. Interactive effect of nitrogen (N),...
The transition metal elements like copper act as double-edged sword for living cells. Cu, a redox active metal, is essential for various biological processes, but at higher concentrations it leads to toxicity by inducing production of reactive...
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring plant steroid hormones that can induce plant tolerance to various plant stresses by regulating ROS production in cells, but the underlying mechanisms of this scavenging activity by BRs are...
Background: This study assessed the effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL, 10(-7)M) and silicon (2 mM) on the alleviation of cadmium (Cd, 150 mg L-1) toxicity in Pisum sativum L. seedlings via the modulation of growth, antioxidant defense, glyoxalase...
The protective role of exogenously applied kinetin (10 mu M KN, a cytokinin) against the adverse effects caused by NaCl-induced (150 mM) stress in Solanum lycopersicum was investigated. Application of KN significantly enhanced growth and biomass...
The present study tested the efficacy of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) and calcium (Ca) for mediating salinity tolerance in tomato. Salinity stress affected the morphological parameters of tomato as well as leaf relative water content (LRWC),...
Ecological and soil physiochemical parameters impact the crop quality and development. In spite of the huge commercial prospective, the phytonutrient and chemometric profiles of Himalayan oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) have not been evaluated, and...
The present study was designed to understand the protective role of Selenium (Se) in Brassica juncea seedlings cultivated under chromium (Cr) stress. The seedling were raised in Petri dishes containing solutions of Cr (300 mu M) and Se (2, 4 and 6...
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) and marjoram (O. majorana) are two discrete (in terms of sensory characteristics) species within the genus Origanum (Lamiaceae). Their aroma, flavor, and pharmaceutical value are a result of their essential oils, which...
Episodes of extremely high temperature during reproductive stages of cotton crops are common in many parts of the world. Heat stress negatively influences plant growth, physiology and ultimately lint yield. This study attempts to modulate heat-...
Chromium (Cr) is a very toxic heavy metal present in agricultural soils. Soils contaminated with Cr are the major source of Cr entrance into the food chain. The present experiment was designed to determine the effects of different levels of lysine...
Soil contamination with nickel (Ni) is a persistent threat to crop production worldwide. The present study examined the putative roles of jasmonic acid (JA) in improving Ni tolerance in soybean. Our findings showed that priming of soybean seeds with...
Lead (Pb) is one of most toxic heavy metals that adversely affect growth and developmental in plants. It becomes necessary to explore environment safe strategies to ameliorate its toxic effects. Phytohormones play an imperative role in regulating...
A pot experiment was performed to examine the role of foliar applied mannitol (M) in chromium (Cr) stress alleviation in different maize cultivars. Two maize cultivars, one tolerant (6103) and one sensitive (9108) to chromium stress, were grown in...
The cadmium (Cd) has been regarded the toxic trace element to plants and humans, while there is very little information available about the application of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and silicon (Si) nanoparticles (NPs) in the mitigation of Cd stress in...
Background and aimsRoot-knot nematodes are major constraints among different pathogens with wide host range and cause severe agricultural loss worldwide. The present study was designed to understand the role of plant growth promoting bacteria (...
Mung bean is an important pulse crop. It is highly nutritive but is vulnerable to salinity stress. Therefore, the present study was aimed to investigate the protective effect of silicon (Si) against salt stress-induced damage to mung bean plants....
The antioxidant defense system of Brassica juncea under Cd stress was examined on supplementation of earthworms in the rhizosphere at different concentrations of Cd (0.50, 0.75, 1.00 and 1.25 mM i.e. 56, 84, 112 and 140 mg kg(-1) respectively)....
Two independent trials were conducted to examine the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in MT-mediated tolerance to Cd toxicity in wheat plants. Cadmium toxicity considerably led to a decrease in plant growth, total chlorophyll, PSII maximum...
The application of silicon (Si) under heavy metal stress is well known, but the use of Si nanoparticles (NPs) under metal stress in not well documented. Thus, the experiments were performed to investigate the impacts of soil and foliar applied Si...
The present study evaluated the physiological and biochemical mechanisms through which exogenous sodium hydrosulfide (H2S donor) mitigates chromium (Cr) stress in cauliflower. The different levels of Cr included 0, 10, 100 and 200 mu M. Results...
We conducted a study to evaluate the interactive effect of NO and H2S on the cadmium (Cd) tolerance of wheat. Cadmium stress considerably reduced total dry weight, chlorophyll a and b content and ratio of Fv/Fm by 36.7, 48.6, 26.7 and 19.5%,...
Water stress is a major problem to fulfill the world food demand and to solve the problem of malnutrition. Different strategies are being used to solve these problems including the fertigation of plants with different biochemical at different growth...
Coincidence of high temperature with terminal reproductive pheno-stages of cotton is chief constraint to achieve yield potential. This high temperature interfere plant defensive system, physiological process, water relations and lint yield...
Anthropogenic activities have resulted in severe environmental degradation. Untreated wastewater from tanneries is hazardous to all kinds of life on earth. Effluent from tanning industries, containing large amount of Cr, is used to irrigate the...
In the current study, the effects of exogenously applied proline (25 and 50 mM) and low-temperature treatment were examined on the physiochemical parameters in the plants of two cultivars (V-1 and V-2) of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). The...
The present study was conducted to examine the effect of exogenously applied ascorbic acid (AsA) on osmoprotectants and the oxidative defense system in four cultivars (16171, 16183, 16207 and 16246) of safflower under well-watered and water deficit...
An experimentation was carried out to appraise whether or not nitric oxide (NO) contributes to salicylic acid (SA)-induced salinity tolerance particularly by regulating ascorbate-glutathione (AsA-GSH) cycle. Before starting salinity stress (SS), SA...
There seems to be no report in the literature on the effect of melatonin (MT) in relieving the detrimental effects of combined application of salt stress (SS) and iron deficiency (ID). Therefore, the effect of MT on the accumulation/synthesis of...
Heavy metals are rapidly polluting the environment as a result of growing industrialization and urbanization. The presence of high concentrations of chromium (Cr), along with other pollutants, is widespread in tannery wastewater. In Pakistan, as a...
Diesel oil is considered a very hazardous fuel due to its adverse effect on the aquatic ecosystem, so its remediation has become the focus of much attention. Taking this into consideration, the current study was conducted to explore the synergistic...
In this study, the Sr22 gene was isolated and prepared for transformation in disease-susceptible commercial high-yielding wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar Lasani-2008. The Sr22 fragment was initially inserted in plasmid pUC57 for sequence...
Soil amendments are known to promote several plant growth parameters. In many agro-ecosystems, water scarcity and drought induced phosphorus deficiency limits crop yield significantly. Considering the climate change scenario, drought and related...
The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of individual drought, heat, and combined drought and heat stress on tomato plants. Combined stress resulted in the higher accumulation of Proline (101.9%), MDA (38.55%), H2O2 (101.19%),...
Floating treatment wetland (FTW) is an innovative, cost effective and environmentally friendly option for wastewater treatment. The dyes in textile wastewater degrade water quality and pose harmful effects to living organisms. In this study, FTWs,...
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of cadmium (Cd) (0, 100, 200, and 400 mu M Cd) on two genotypes (AG-10 and AP-3) of Pisum sativum. Cd stress reduced the length, fresh weight, and dry weight of roots and...
Linum usitatissimum commonly known as flax or linseed is an important medicinal plant, produces medicinally potent lignans, used in the treatment of several human diseases. Lignans limited production in the natural plants does not meet the...
The current research was aimed to observe the interactive role of silicon-generated hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nitric oxide (NO) on tolerance of pepper (Capsicum annum L.) plants to cadmium (Cd). Thus, the pepper plants were subjected to control (no...
A study was performed to assess if nitrate reductase (NR) participated in brassinosteroid (BR)-induced cadmium (Cd) stress tolerance primarily by accelerating the ascorbate-glutathione (AsA-GSH) cycle. Prior to initiating Cd stress (CdS), the pepper...
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are well-ascertained growth regulators that play prime roles in alleviation of a stress in plants. The current investigation determined the impact of epibrassinolide (EBR) applied as seed pretreatment on growth attributes,...
Accumulation of arsenic (As) in soils is increasing consistently day-by-day, which has resulted in increased toxicity of this element in various crop plants. Arsenic interferes with several plant metabolic processes at molecular, biochemical and...
This study was carried out to assess the influence of trehalose, a non-reducing disaccharide involved in improving plant stress tolerance, on two cultivars (Hysun 33 and FH 598) of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) grown under control and drought...
It was aimed to examine the role of gibberellic acid (GA) induced production of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in alleviating boron toxicity (BT) in tomato plants. Two weeks after germination, a solution consisting of GA (100 mg L-1) was sprayed once a week...
The temperature increase around the world is leading to generation of drought, which is a big threat to the productivity of crops. Abiotic stresses like drought increase the ethylene level in plants. In higher plants, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-...
Chromium (Cr) is among the most widespread toxic trace elements found in agricultural soils due to various anthropogenic activities. However, the role of micronutrient-amino chelates on reducing Cr toxicity in crop plants was recently introduced. In...
Increased dependence on thermal power has resulted in a significant increase in the generation of fly ash (FA), which exacerbates environmental pollution. In order to mitigate this source of pollution, we propose covering FA dumps with a layer of...
Shortage of fresh water limits crop yield. Different ways including the use of chemicals are being employed for the improvement in yield through induction of plant performance. In the present study, ajwain plants grown under water stress and normal...
Contamination of soil and water with metals and metalloids is one of the most serious problems worldwide due to a lack of a healthy diet and food scarcity. Moreover, the cultivation of oilseed crops such as rapeseed (Brassica napusL.) with tannery...
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects ofCuscuta reflexaextract (CRE) on the activities of germination enzymes, seed germination vigor, biomass production, physio-biochemical attributes, and seed yield of water-stressed wheat...
Chromium (Cr) is recognized as a toxic metal that has detrimental effects on living organisms; notably, it is discharged into soil by various industries as a result of anthropogenic activities. Microbe-assisted phytoremediation is one of the most...
A pot experiment was conducted to assess the induction of drought tolerance in maize by foliar-applied alpha-tocopherol at early growth stage. Experiment was comprised two maize cultivars (Agaiti-2002 and EV-1098), two water stress levels (70% and...
Heavy metals (HMs) stress causes severe damage to physiology and biochemistry of plant species leading to stunted growth and low yield. Phytoremediation via phytoextraction, a viable low-cost and environment-friendly alternative to other techniques...
Different techniques are being employed to reduce the adverse effects of water stress on seed yield and quality of crop plants. The current study aimed to improve the water stress tolerance of field-grown sunflower by foliar-supplied ecofriendly...
Zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global concern for human health and causes a decrease in crop production and nutritional characteristics. A two-year field study was planned to evaluate comparative effects of various Zn application approaches in bread...
Thiamin, an important member of the vitamin B family, is believed to play a significant role in mitigating environmental stresses including drought stress. In turnip, drought stress causes a reduced growth, biomass yield, pigment content, total...
In the current study tea waste and rice husk biochars were used for the elimination of Cr (VI) from wastewater with the objectives to study the effect of pH (3-10), shaking time (0.016-24 h), sorbent dose (0.1-1.3 g L-1) and initial concentration of...
Salinity stress is one of the major environmental stresses that impose global socio-economic impacts, as well as hindering crop productivity. Halotolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) having potential to cope with salinity stress can...
Abiotic stresses in plants reduce crop growth and productivity. Nanoparticles (NPs) are effectively involved in the physiochemical processes of crop plants, especially under the abiotic stresses; whereas, less information is available regarding the...
To examine the effect of nitrogen (N) management regimes on rice quality in different rice production systems, a field experiment was conducted in 2017 and 2018. The experimental treatments comprised of two production systems (transplanted rice: TPR...
Despite the prevalence of the common pharmaceutical ibuprofen (IBU) in water and sediments worldwide, the effects of IBU on plants are largely unknown. This study was designed to assess the ecotoxicological effects of emerging pharmaceutical...
Drought stress is one of the most immense and permanent constraints in agriculture, which leads to a massive loss of crop productivity. However, little is known about the mitigation role of exogenously applied abscisic acid (ABA) and jasmonic acid (...
The study aims at investigating the efficacy of individual as well as combined application of AM fungi (Glomus macrocarpum) and ZnO nanoparticles on the uptake of lead and its toxicity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The plants were grown in pots...
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in salicylic acid (SA)-induced tolerance to arsenic (As) stress in maize plants is not reported in the literature. Before starting As stress (AsS) treatments, SA (0.5 mM) was sprayed to the foliage of maize plants....
Soil contamination with toxic heavy metals [such as cadmium (Cd)] is becoming a serious global problem due to rapid development of social economy. Silicon (Si), being an important fertilizer element, has been found effective in enhancing plant...
Soil quality deterioration, especially in intensive cropping systems, has become a serious problem for crop productivity; consequently, strategies for sustainable crop production and soil health are urgently required. Experiments on fields were...
The boron (B) concentration surpasses the plant need in arid and semi-arid regions of the world, resulting in phyto-toxicity. Salicylic acid (SA) is an endogenous signaling molecule responsible for stress tolerance in plants and is a potential...
Several inorganic and organic compounds including glycine betaine (GB) are presently being used as an exogenous application to enhance tolerance in plants to different environmental stresses. The current study assessed to what extent exogenously...
The accumulation of cadmium (Cd) in edible plant parts and fertile lands is a worldwide problem. It negatively influences the growth and productivity of leafy vegetables (e.g., spinach, Spinacia oleracea L.), which have a high tendency to radially...
Potassium (K) being the major limiting factor affecting cotton yield and quality has received massive research attention and the effects of various K fertilization techniques/organic amendments have been studied extensively. However, it is not clear...
Wheat is one of the best-domesticated cereal crops and one of the vital sources of nutrition for humans. An investigation was undertaken to reveal the potential of novel bio-inoculants enriching micronutrients in shoot and grains of wheat crop to...
Untreated wastewater contains toxic amounts of heavy metals such as chromium (Cr), which poses a serious threat to the growth and physiology of plants when used in irrigation. Though, Cr is among the most widespread toxic trace elements found in...
Grafting is a common practice for vegetative propagation and trait improvement in horticultural plants. A general prerequisite for successful grafting and long term survival of grafted plants is taxonomic proximity between the root stock and scion....
Crop productivity is limited by several environmental constraints. Among these, salt stress plays a key role in limiting the growth and yield production of economically important agricultural crops. However, the exogenous fertigation of vitamins and...
Research on plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPR) revealed an effective role of bacterial volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in stress alleviation. Out of 15 PGPR strains, infection with VOCs from Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes' resulted in maximum...
Key message A detailed study of the response of wheat plants, inoculated with drought-tolerant PGPR is studied which would be beneficial to achieve genetic improvement of wheat for drought tolerance. Drought stress, a major challenge under current...
A pot study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) foliar exposure on growth and development of wheat, zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) uptake in Cd-contaminated soil under various moisture conditions. Four...
Chromium (Cr) in water bodies is considered as a major environmental issue around the world. In the present study, aqueous Cr(VI) adsorption onto rice husk was studied as a function of various environmental parameters. Equilibrium time was achieved...