Water Quality Assessment of Shallow Aquifer based on Canadian Council Ministers of ‎Environment Index and its impact on Irrigation of Mathura Districts, Uttar Pradesh

Journal Article
M.‎, ‎1.‎ Salman A., Shadab K., Richa M., Abuamarah Bassam, Mu. . 2020
Publication Work Type: 
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Journal of King Saud University‎
Volume Number: 
Science 32‎
p 1218-1225‎
Publication Abstract: 

Sixty-five water samples were collected in July 2016 in the Mathura district and have experimentally
determined the physio-chemical parameters and evaluated by comparing their values with Bureau of
Indian Standards (BIS). The aim of the study is to find out the status of water quality in Mathura district.
Results show that Total Hardness(TH), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Cl and Mg2+ are found to be very
much higher than (>50%) the permissible limit. Majority of the samples have high values NO3
and Cl.
The sources of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+ are from the weathering process. In general, water chemistry is governed
by complicated weathering procedure, ion exchange, impact of horticultural and sewage. CCME
WQI values ranged from 1.862 to 82.254 and shows that the quality of water is good to poor.
Agriculture indices like Gibbs Plot, Percent sodium (Na%), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Sodium
Adsorption Ratio (SAR), Permeability Index (PI) Potential salinity and Magnesium hazard has values
0.50 to 0.99, 8.37% to 86.66%, 90.59 to 7.71 meql1, 9.59 to 96.34, 1.82 to 21.82, 4.58 to 112.83 meql1,
and 45.57 to 8221.03 respectively. These values show that the quality of water is poor and moderately
suitable for irrigation purpose. It also indicates that an anthropogenic effect on groundwater quality
needs water management strategy according to their regional demand for humans.