Abstract: The present study aims to investigate the association of the serum levels of Fetuin-A and Fetuin-B with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in obese Saudi patients and explore the mechanism that links obesity and T2DM in Saudi patients. In this study, a total of 240 adult Saudis (116 men and 124 women) in the age group of 42.7±11.6 years were divided into three groups based on fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels: controls, T2DM and prediabetic. The levels of FBG, lipid profile and serum insulin were measured. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was done to measure Fetuin-A, Fetuin-B and C-reactive protein (CRP). The results show that participants of the prediabetic and T2DM groups had significantly higher body mass index (BMI) values and elevated blood pressure (BP), FBG, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), insulin, homeostatic model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR) and homeostatic model assessment-β (HOMA-β) as compared to the control group (P<0.001). The T2DM group participants exhibited significantly higher BMI, BP, FBG, TG, insulin, HOMA-IR and HOMA-β as compared to the prediabetic group participants (P<0.001). The serum levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) were not significantly different among the three tested groups. The serum concentrations of CRP, Fetuin-A and Fetuin-B were slightly higher in T2DM patients as compared to the control group, but the difference failed to reach statistical significance (P>0.05). When results were segregated according to gender, FBG and HDL-C were significantly elevated (P=0.043 and P=0.002, respectively) in T2DM women (12.6±3.6 mmol/l and 1.0±0.3 mmol/l, respectively) compared to T2DM men (11.0±3.3 mmol/l and 0.86±0.2 mmol/l, respectively). However, the diastolic BP and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were significantly increased (P=0.010 and P=0.006, respectively) in T2DM men. The BMI and TC and all other measured parameters were similar between the two genders. Fetuin-A was significantly and positively associated with insulin levels (R=0.19, P=0.05), HOMA-IR (R=0.25, P=0.01) and TG (R=0.20, P=0.01) among overall participants of this study. The T2DM participants exhibited a significantly positive correlation with body weight. Fetuin-A was significantly and positively correlated with Fetuin-B in prediabetic participants, but this relation was not observed in the T2DM participants. Fetuin-B correlated inversely (P<005) with systolic BP (R=-0.20, P=0.01) and diastolic BP (R=-0.18, P=0.05). Interestingly, a strong inverse correlation was observed between Fetuin-B and TG in overall participants (R=-0.21, P=0.01) and specifically in T2DM women (R=-0.41, P=0.01). In conclusion, our study did not find a significant association of Fetuin-A or Fetuin-B levels in serum with T2DM. However, our results suggest that Fetuin-A may influence insulin resistance and serum Fetuin-B concentrations were inversely associated with TG in the general adult Saudi population.
|Ola paper 2022.pdf||375.62 كيلوبايت|