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V.S. Periasamy M.Sc., Ph.D

Associate Professor

Associate Professor of Nano-Biotechnology

كلية علوم الأغذية والزراعة
AA40, Nanobiotechnology and Molecular Biology lab, Department of Food Science and Nutrition
0114677594
psubbarayan@ksu.edu.sa
المنشورات
مقال فى مجلة
2015

Identification of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in food products: Induce intracellular oxidative stress mediated by TNF and CYP1A genes in human lung fibroblast cells

Alshatwi, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan Periasamy, Jegan Athinarayanan, Ahmed M. Al-Hadi, Fahad Al Juhaimi, Mohamed H. Mahmoud, Ali A . 2015

Food grade TiO2 (E171) is a synthetic additive, and widely used as a coloring agent in many foods, pharmaceutical and personal care products. A few reports have highlighted that insoluble particulates (less than 200 nm) of food grade TiO2 are found in many foods and confectionary products. However, information regarding the physico-chemical properties (i.e., size and shape)-based food grade TiO2nanotoxicity related human health issues are limited. The main goal of this study is to examine the presence of nano-sized particulates and its structural characteristics of food grade- TiO2 materials and to assess the acute cellular uptake and metabolic stress induced by these particulates in human lung fibroblast (WI-38) cells. The results of transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction studies indicated that about food grade TiO2 sample contains spherical shaped particulate forms in the nano-scale range, <100 nm. The intracellular oxidative stress in human lung fibroblast cells (WI-38) was assessed through studies investigating the cellular uptake of the particles, changes in nuclear and cytoplasmic morphology, intracellular ROS, mitochondrial trans-membrane potential, the cell cycle and the expression of genes linked to metabolic stress markers. Altogether our data clearly indicate that primary metabolic stress indicators such as changes in the intracellular ROS, the dose-dependent loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential, alterations in cell cycle progression (G2/M > S > G0/G1) and changes in the TNF and CYP1A gene expression pattern are linked to cellular stress. Thus, food grade TiO2 as nano-scaled contaminants could not only be potential human health risk factors, suggesting that safety considerations with special respect to a few crucial factors such as size, and shape should be considered and regulated by food regulators.

نوع عمل المنشور
Ph.D
رقم المجلد
39
رقم الانشاء
1
مجلة/صحيفة
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
الصفحات
176–186
مزيد من المنشورات
publications

The SiO2 synthesized in bulk form, adopting the conventional methods…

2014
publications

The use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) across multiple fields and applications has rapidly increased over the last decade owing to their unusual properties. However, there is an increased need…

بواسطة Vaiyapuri S. Periasamy, Jegan Athinarayanan, Mohammad Alhazmi, Khalid A Alatiah andAli A. Alshatwi
2015
publications

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a common additive in many foods, pigments, personal care products, and other consumer products used in daily life.

بواسطة Vaiyapuri Subbarayan Periasamy, Jegan Athinarayanan, Ahmed M. Al-Hadi, Fahad Al Juhaimi, Ali A. Alshatwi
2015