Effects of home quarantine during COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity and dietary habits of adults in Saudi Arabia

مقال فى مجلة
, Hanan Alfawaz 1 2, Osama E Amer 1, Abdulaziz A Aljumah 3, Dara A Aldisi 4, Mushira A Enani 5, Naji J Aljohani 1 6, Naif H Alotaibi 7, Naemah Alshingetti 8, Suliman Y Alomar 9, Malak Nawaz Khan Khattak 1, Shaun Sabico 1, Nasser M Al-Daghri . 2021
نوع عمل المنشور
PHD
رابط النشر على الانترنت
مجلة/صحيفة
Sci Rep
رقم الانشاء
5904
رقم المجلد
1
الصفحات
15
تاريخ المؤتمر
ملخص المنشورات

 

Abstract

Public health endorsements during the present COVID-19 pandemic has led the governments of largely affected countries to imply policies that restrict social mobility to slow COVID-19 spread. The study aimed to explore the effects of COVID-19 home quarantine on lifestyle and health behavior of Saudi residents. An online survey in Saudi Arabia was launched from May 11 to June 6, 2020. The survey was designed by multidisciplinary scientists and academics uploaded and shared through the Google platform in Arabic and English languages. Questions presented related to responses "before" and "during" COVID-19 home quarantine. A total of 1965 respondents participated and were included in the analysis [921 (47.0%) males and 1044 (53.0%) females]. Non-Saudis were more likely to increase their physical activity during quarantine [odds ratio (95% confidence interval 1.41 (1.11-1.79); p < 0.005]. Prevalence of participants walking daily for more than 4 times per week significantly decreased during pandemic (before vs during, 30.5% vs 29.1%) which was in parallel to the significant increase in the prevalence of participants who did not perform daily walking during the quarantine (21% vs 22.9%; p < 0.001). The prevalence of participants who often consume snacks between meals increased during quarantine (27.4% vs 29.4%, p < 0.001), while the prevalence of participants who never consumed fresh fruits and vegetables significantly increased during home quarantine (2.4% vs 3.7%; p = 0.019). The lockdown imposed in Saudi Arabia modestly but significantly impacted physical activity and dietary behaviors of several citizens and residents in an unhealthy way. Interventions to alleviate these acute adverse lifestyle behaviors during pandemic should be formulated.

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