Course Description: This is final clinical course in pediatric dentistry. The course consists of one clinical training session of 3 hours per week for the whole academic year. The students are required to provide comprehensive dental treatment for children age 3 to 8 years presenting with a wide range of dental problems. Emphasis of the course will be on patient education and management, treatment planning, prevention of dental disease, restorative procedures, pulp therapy, and space management. Course Objectives: After completing the clinical training, the students should be able to: 1. Evaluate the patient’s need for behavior modification. 2. Apply different behavior modification techniques learned. 3. Formulate a treatment plan for this age group. 4. Discuss with parents different approaches for the prevention of dental disease. 5. Teach and motivate parents in proper brushing technique according to their children age. 6. Administer local anesthesia. 7. Use rubber dam properly. 28. Restore primary teeth using different materials available. 9. Use several clinical procedures available for pulp therapy. 10. Effectively manage cases of premature primary tooth/teeth loss. 11. Manage dental trauma in children. 12. Recognize and manage/refer disabled individuals. Clinical Course Outline: 1. Guidance of the child behavior (Psychological). 2. Guidance of the child behavior (Pharmacological). 3. Pulp Therapy 4. Stainless Steel Crown Restorations. 5. Treatment strategies of caries in children. 6. Space management 7. Management of patients with: a. Traumatized primary teeth and immature permanent anterior teeth. b. Oral and skin manifestations of infectious diseases. c. Periodontal diseases. d. Systemic diseases. e. Disabled conditions. Course Requirements:Following are the minimum clinical requirements: 1. Comprehensive Treatment Plans - Three 2. Behavior Management - Two 3. S.S.C . - Five 4. Pulpotomies - Four 5. Space Maintainers - Three 6. Finished cases - Two Course Evaluation/Grading: Total Grade (100) Students are evaluated in three areas: 1. Clinical Evaluation 70% 2. Written Examination 30% 1. Clinical Evaluation (Failure to satisfy course requirements and course evaluation will lead to failure of the course) Students will be evaluated on weekly basis in the following manner: 31a. Quality of Work and Knowledge – (45) Several instructors are assigned for this course. Each instructor will work with a group of students for several weeks, and then rotate with other groups. The final grade for the quality of work will be calculated by averaging the grades given by all the instructors. The knowledge of the students will be tested on weekly basis by the instructor on the clinical procedure he/she is performing or related topics. Note: Factors such as patient’s booking, punctuality, neatness, professional attitude, rapport with the instructors and infection control will be considered in the weekly grading of the students. 1b. Effort – (25) The evaluation for the effort will depend on the following: 1. Satisfying the course requirements. 2. Attendance. 3. Amount of clinical work accomplished. The point system will be adopted to assess the effort, and the final grade will be calculated according to the class performance.