Geographic information systems (GIS) (also known as Geospatial information systems) are computer software and hardware systems that enable users to capture, store, analyse and manage spatially referenced data. GISs have transformed the way spatial (geographic) data, relationships and patterns in the world are able to be interactively queried, processed, analysed, mapped, modelled, visualised, and displayed for an increasingly large range of users, for a multitude of purposes.
Examples of GIS applications
Uses of GIS range from indigenous people, communities, research institutions, environmental scientists, health organisations, land use planners, businesses, and government agencies at all levels.
Uses range from information storage; spatial pattern identification; visual presentation of spatial relationships; remote sensing - all sometimes made available through internet web interfaces, involving large numbers of users, data collectors, specialists and/or community participants.
Some examples include:
GIS Application: Crime
See Crime mapping
GIS Application: History
See Historical geographic information system
GIS Application: Hydrology
See GIS and Hydrology
GIS Application: Remote Sensing
See Remote sensing application
GIS Application: Indigenous
See Traditional knowledge gis
GIS Application: Public
See Public Participation GIS
GIS Application: Transportation Engineering
See Road Networking with GIS
Other GIS Applications
Other applications include the use of GIS techniques for Water, Wastewater and Stormwater systems, and in Solid Waste management.
- ^ a b GIS.com Guide to Geographic Information Systems Accessed 13 March 2008
- ^ Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis's GIS Timeline displaying the development and grow of GIS from the 1960s to the present day Accessed 13 March 2008
- ^ a b Geographical Information and Technology Association web page Accessed 13 March 2008
GIS Applications: General
GIS Applications: water and waste management
GIS Applications: Archaeology