Intonational Patterns of Focus Preposing Constructions in Hijazi Arabic

مقال فى مجلة
Alzaidi, Muhammad . 2018
نوع عمل المنشور
بحث علمي
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation
رقم الانشاء
رقم المجلد
تاريخ المؤتمر
ملخص المنشورات

This study has two aims. First, it introduces an under-studied construction in Hijazi Arabic (HA) and investigates its intonational, semantic, pragmatic, syntactic, and information structure properties. This construction is termed as focus preposing. It is a non-canonicalsyntactic option used to express a specific aspect of informationstructure such as contrastive focus (e.g., Moutaouakil, 1989). Second, it aims to investigate whether a focus preposing in HA is associated with a particular intonational tune. To fullfill this aim, 480 declarativeswere constructed. These sentences were elicited from sixteen native speakers of Hijazi Arabic. These sentences were embedded in question-answered paradigms to evoke contrastive focus on the preposed item realized at the left periphery of the HA clause. The intonational structure of this construction shows to have a nuclear pitch accent [L+H*] placed on the stressed syllable of left-realized word, followed by post-focus compression till the end of the structure. This finding provides evidence for Liberman & Sag; Marandin’s (1974; 2006) claim that the tune determines the meanings.