Predict Students’ Attention in Online Learning Using EEG Data

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In education, it is critical to monitor students’ attention and measure the extents to which students participate and the differences in their levels and abilities. The overall goal of this study was to increase the quality of distance education. In particular, in order to craft an approach that will effectively augment online learning using objective measures of brain activity, we propose a brain–computer interface (BCI) system that aims to use electroencephalography (EEG) signals for the detection of student’s attention during online classes. This system will aid teachers to objectively assess student attention and engagement. To this end, experiments were conducted on a public dataset; we extracted power spectral density (PSD) features using used a fast Fourier transform. Different attention indexes were calculated. Then, we built three different classification algorithms: k-nearest neighbors (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), and random forest (RF). Our proposed random forest classifier achieved a higher accuracy (96%) than KNN and SVM. Moreover, our results compared to state-of-the-art attention-detection systems with respect to the same dataset. Our findings revealed that the proposed RF approach can be used to effectively distinguish the attention state of a user.