Introduction to directional drilling. Steps in designing well profile (kickoff point and buildup rate), Directional planning (purpose, considerations and calculations). Kickoff tools (purposes and functions), Horizontal drilling (design of BHA, max. dog leg severity, fatigue, pipe sticking, miss target, etc.), Survey tools (MWD) and practices, well profile calculations, Well control, hydrostatic pressure vs. formation pressure, formation integrity test, and causes of underbalanced situations, Kick causes, detection and warning signs, shutIn procedures and collection of data, Calculating drillstring and annular volume, kill methods, Well control equipment, Ram type blowout preventer.