BCH 472 (Biological Fluids)

Topics Covered
- Quality control
- Collection and management of samples
Body fluids (types[intracellular and extracellular fluids] and distribution. Electrolytes.
 - Anatomy and physiology of nephron
- Formation of urine
- Electrolyte balance
- Acid-base balance
- properties of urine
- Normal constituents of urine
- Abnormal constituents of urine
(urine screening tests as laboratory diagnostic tools for renal function, hepatic function, blood abnormalities, calculi formation and analysis)                                                                                                                                                  
- Saliva
Composition, function, secretion and its control, clinical significance of saliva analysis.
- Gastric juice
Composition, function, secretion, relevance of peptic ulcers and peptic carcinoma.
- Bile
Composition, formation and function.
Relevance to digestion
- Pancreatic juice.
 Composition and function.
- Small intestine secretion
- Large intestine secretion
  Feces: composition, clinical  
           significance of feces analysis,
            diagnosis of hepatic, pancreatic
           and intestinal disease.
- Cerebrospinal fluids (CSF)
  Composition and formation
 Biochemical and other relevant
Clinical laboratory tests
- Aqueous and vitreous fluids
   Composition and function
- Tears
   Composition, function, and secretion
- Synovial fluids
   Composition, function and physical properties.
- Amniotic fluids
Composition, analysis for screening genetic disease, pregnancy test
- Sweat
   Composition, formation, function
- Semen
  Composition and formation
Biochemical tests relevant to fertility            
- Human Milk
  Composition, formation, and properties
- Sputum
  Composition and formation
Biochemical tests of clinical significance
- Lymph
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