Saudi children’s reasoning about exclusion based on religious identity

Conference Paper
Alsamih, Munirah . 2017
نوع عمل المنشور: 
poster
اسم المؤتمر: 
18th European Conference on Developmental Psychology
تاريخ المؤتمر: 
الثلاثاء, آب (اغسطس) 29, 2017
مستخلص المنشور: 

Categorising individuals into groups based on national and religious identity is enough to produce bias (Tajfel & Turner, 1985). Eliash, Mills and Grant (2010) found that Muslims children endorsed negative attributions for non-Muslims (outgroup) more than Muslims (in- group) also they showed ingroup preference. Allport (1945) argued that children adopting their parent’s attitudes towards out-group. One important issue related to intergroup attitudes is peer exclusion based on group identity. Previous research on exclusion has focused on children in the US and Europe. Also, past research has not compared parents and children. To extend this line of research, the current study focused on peer exclusion amongst Saudi children and their mothers based on religion (Muslim and Non-Muslim).
Participants: The participants consisted of 60, 8-, 10-, and 12-year-old Saudi children Saudi children and their mothers. They were recruited on a volunteer basis.
Procedure: Eight vignettes were read to the children and mothers separately, which asked their opinion about the excluding a Muslim or a non-Muslim peer by either a peer or a father.
Results: Compared to mothers, children were more accepting of exclusion, F (1, 57)= 11.35,p = .001, partial ŋ2= .20. For the perpetrator, participants were more likely to accept exclusion by fathers than by peers, F(1.57)= 13.80, p = .0001,partial ŋ2 = .20. The findings will be interpreted in relation to socialization of children in this socio-cultural context.
Conclusion: In sum, Saudi mothers showed tolerance and acceptance to out-group more than their children did. The results of this study could be used as a platform to design intervention programs build on transmitting mothers’ attitudes to their children to promote coexistence in Saudi society.