Can I play with you?: Saudi children’s reasoning regarding exclusion based on religion and sect

Conference Paper
Alsamih, Munirah . 2016
نوع عمل المنشور: 
اسم المؤتمر: 
9th Saudi Students’ Conference
عنوان المؤتمر: 
9th Saudi Students’ Conference
تاريخ المؤتمر: 
السبت, شباط (فبراير) 13, 2016
مستخلص المنشور: 

Children have contact with their peers from the early stages of their development (Asher & Coie, 1990). However, contact with peers can lead to inclusion and exclusion (or rejection) among children.
Importantly, exclusion experiences have a negative effect on the victims (Asher & Coie, 1990). Rejected children report social and avoidance anxiety with less positive expectations in their social life, and more feelings of loneliness, depression, and dissatisfaction. Moreover, rejection negatively affects children's academic achievements. Generally, peer rejection has negative and long- term consequences for children's social development and mental health. (Asher et al., 1984; Boivin et al., 1995). Despite the importance of exclusion in children's social and psychological lives, the majority of the work on this subject has been conducted in the US and European countries, while little is known about how children in the Arab world evaluate exclusion. Moreover, previous studies have focused on the reasoning of exclusion based on race and gender.
This study examined Saudi children’s judgments and justifications of exclusion based on religion (Muslim- non Muslim) and sect (Sunni-Shia). 124 children aged 8-11-14 year old were interviewed. Generally, children justified their judgments using moral, social convention and psychological reasoning.