Prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Western Highlands in Yemen

Journal Article
Al-Garadi4, Mohammed Musid Alkulaibi,1,2 Ahmed Mohamed Suleiman,1 Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil,3 and Maged Ahmed . 2019
نوع عمل المنشور: 
المجلة \ الصحيفة: 
Journal of Tropical Medicine
رقم العدد: 
رقم الإصدار السنوي: 
مستخلص المنشور: 

Leishmaniasis in Yemen is still not fully investigated nor well studied. Recently, outbreaks of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in western highland were declared. However, there are no reports concerning the disease and the circulating species in the region. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Utmah district located in Western Highlands in Yemen. A cross-sectional survey was carried out at those highlands. For the survey, 1165 participants were subjected to Leishmanin Skin Test (LST) accompanied with direct interviews and physical examination. The overall prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the district was 18.5% and the cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) was more frequent in the escarpments with a prevalence of 37%, including 5.5% for active lesion and 31.5% for scar of healed lesions. Children under the age of 16 years old comprised most of the CL cases (76.3%). The escarpments of western highlands in Yemen were hyperendemic areas for CL and the infection was more prevalent in children.