Impact of pharmacist intervention in patient counseling at point of hospital discharge in a specialized cardiac center in Saudi Arabia

Journal Article
Alsultan., Turki Assiri,Fowad Khurshid,Meshal Almutairi,Mona Alhusayyen,Fahad Alkharji,Mohammed . 2017
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Issue Number: 
5
Volume Number: 
16
Pages: 
1187-1193
Publication Abstract: 

Purpose: To determine the interventions associated with the pharmacist’s patient counseling and review of discharge prescriptions of patients from a specialized cardiac center in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a prospective interventional study conducted at Prince Sultan Cardiac Center (PSCC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia for a duration of 12 months. The pharmacist responsible for providing patient counseling reviewed the patient records, collected patient demographics and clinical data, as well as medical and medication history, diagnosis and discharge (treatment) plan. Results: The study included 2008 patients who met the inclusion criteria. The counseling pharmacist identified and provided interventions to 358 (18 %) patients for 508 (3.4 %) items. About half of counseling pharmacist interventions concerned involved the addition of a drug to treatment regimen followed by drug discontinuation (28.1 %). The most common reason for adding the drug during patient counseling was the omission of medications (35 %). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARBs), antidiabetics and antihyperlipidemics were the classes of drugs often associated with counseling pharmacist interventions. The cost-saving interventions identified were 200 (39.4 %). Out of these, drug discontinuation (n = 143) was the most frequent suggestion provided by the intervening pharmacist, followed by a dose reduction resulting in cost savings of 66.5 % (US $ 6,590.10) and 8.9 % (US $ 882.32), respectively. Conclusion: The results indicate that discharge medication discrepancies decrease as a result of pharmacist-facilitated patient counseling at the point of hospital discharge.