Publications

R-plasmids that transfer antibiotic resistance are common in the non-pathogenicEscherichia coli of the gastro-intestinal tract of human beings and domestic animals, which inturn may enter into sewage. Therefore we have isolated 30Escherichia coli...
We describe in this review, the salient splicing features of group I introns of bacteriophage T4 and propose, a hypothetical model to fit in the self-splicing of nrdB intron of T4 phage. Occurrence of non-coding sequences in prokaryotic cells is a...
BACKGROUND: The alkylation of nucleic acids is primarily responsible for chemical carcinogenesis. Even during disease treatment, several alkylating drugs interact with nucleic acids and cause severe toxic effects. Thus good chemoprotectants are...
A fluorometric assay for pepsin and pepsinogen was developed using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as a substrate. Acid denaturation of EGFP resulted in a complete loss of fluorescence that was completely reversible on neutralization. In...
Human pepsinogen is the secreted inactive precursor of pepsin. Under the acidic conditions present in the stomach it is autocatalytically cleaved into the active protease. Pepsinogen contains three consecutive disulfides, and was used here as a...
Native proinsulin belongs to the class of the difficult-to-express proteins in Escherichia coli. Problems mainly arise due to its small size, a high proteolytic decay, and the necessity to form a native disulfide pattern. In the present study, human...
The domesticated one-humped camel, Camelus dromedarius, is one of the most important animals in the Arabian Desert. It is exposed most of its life to both intrinsic and extrinsic genotoxic factors that are known to cause gross DNA alterations in...
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is the first line of defense against oxidative stress induced by endogenous and/or exogenous factors and thus helps in maintaining the cellular integrity. Its activity is related to many diseases; so, it is of importance...
The number of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has risen steeply recently exhausting the ability of health care systems to deal with the epidemic. Seventy-five percent of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. The...
Glucose and glycated hemoglobin (Hb) in the blood of camel (Camelus dromedarius) and cow (Bos taurus) were analyzed and compared with human values. Camel displayed high blood glucose concentration (9.7±2.8 mM) but a low level of glycated-Hb (3.4± 0....
Serum albumin constitutes 35-50 mg/ml of plasma proteins and performs various physiological activities including the regulation of osmotic pressure on blood, maintaining buffering of the blood pH, carrying different fatty acids and other small...
The high mutation rate of RNA viruses has resulted in limitation of vaccine effectiveness and increased emergence of drug-resistant viruses. New effective antivirals are therefore needed to control of the highly mutative RNA viruses. The n-butanol...
Here we describe biosensors that provide readouts for protein stability in the cytosolic compartment of prokaryotes. These biosensors consist of tripartite sandwich fusions that link the in vitro stability or aggregation susceptibility of guest...
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional enzymes and play an important role in cellular detoxification. Besides this, GSTs act as cytosolic carrier proteins that bind hydrophobic compounds such as heme, bilirubin, steroids, and...
Heat shock protein A6, also known as HSP70B', is a member of the Hsp70 family of molecular chaperones. Under stressed conditions, the level of HSPA6 increases substantially, and the protein has been targeted as a biomarker of cellular stress in...
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional enzymes and play an important role in detoxification of xenobiotics and protection against oxidative stress. Camel liver glutathione transferase (cGST) was recently isolated and characterized in...
The HSPA6, one of the members of large family of HSP70, is significantly up-regulated and has been targeted as a biomarker of cellular stress in several studies. Herein, conditions were optimized to increase the yield of recombinant camel HSPA6...
Disulfide bonds occurred in majority of secreted protein. Formation of correct disulfide bonds are must for achieving native conformation, solubility and activity. Production of recombinant proteins containing disulfide bond for therapeutic,...
The Arabian camel, Camelus dromedarius is naturally adapted to extreme desert climate and has evolved protective mechanisms to limit oxidative stress. The mitochondrial kappa class glutathione transferase enzyme is a member of GST supergene family...
The high protein concentration, unique composition and complex geometry of the lens makes it transparent. α-, β-, and γ-crystallins are present in all the lenses. In addition, taxon-specific crystallins are present in lenses in bulk...
Glutathione transferase (GST, EC 2.5.1.18) is a primary line of defense against toxicities of electrophile compounds and oxidative stress and therefore is involved in stress-response and cell detoxification. In the present study, we investigated the...
The non-enzymatic reaction (glycation) of reducing sugars with proteins has received increased interest in dietary and therapeutic research lately. In the present work, the impact of glycation on structural alterations of camel serum albumin (CSA)...
Although the antimicrobial activity of the engineered nanoparticles (NPs) is well known, the biochemical mechanisms underlying this activity are not clearly understood. Therefore, four NPs with the highest global production, namely SiO2, TiO2, ZnO,...
Camels have exceptional carbohydrate metabolism as their plasma glucose level is high and have low whole body insulin sensitivity, similar to that observed in type 2 diabetes patients. We aimed at studing an important component of insulin signalling...
Human mortalin is a Hsp70 mitochondrial protein that plays an essential role in the biogenesis of mitochondria. The deregulation of mortalin expression and its functions could lead to several age-associated disorders and some types of cancers. In...
Within a decade, MERS-CoV emerged with nearly four times higher case fatality rate than an earlier outbreak of SARS-CoV and spread out in 27 countries in short span of time. As an emerging virus, combating it requires an in-depth understanding of...
Eye lenses are exposed to thermal, solar radiations, dryness that enhances cataractogenesis. Some animal lenses contain novel proteins in bulk quantities. ζ-crystallin occurred in three ecologically divergent species, but it's physiological role not...
Recent studies have led to an increased interest to categorize small molecular inhibitors of protein fibrillation. In this study, we used spectroscopy, microscopy and gel electrophoresis techniques that provides an elaborated description of the...
In a previous study the full-length open reading frame of the Arabian camel, Camelus dromedarius liver cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) cDNA was determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The C. dromedarius...
Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is an anionic surfactant that can be used to stimulate protein fibrillation in vitro. Here, we investigated the effects of SDS on camel IgG aggregation at pH 3.5 and 7.4. SDS-induced amyloid fibril formation in camel IgG...
Co-circulation of Chikungunya and Dengue viral infections (CHIKV and DENV) have been reported mainly due to transmission by common Aedes vector. The purpose of the study was to identify and characterise the circulating strains of CHIKV and DENV in...
Surfactant-induced amyloid fibrillation has many implications in laboratory and industry. Previously, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB; C19H42BrN) induced amyloid formation in concanavalin A (ConA) has been reported by authors (Khan, JM et al.,...
Since the advent of recombinant DNA technology, application of proteins in pharmaceuticals was remarkably changed. All these proteins can not be obtained from natural sources because many of them are present in extremely low amounts. Genetically...
Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Herstellung natürlich gefalteter rekombinanter Proteine zum Einsatz in der medizinischen Diagnostik und Therapie in einem prokaryontischen Wirtsorganismus. Der Wirtsorganismus enthält eine...
The present invention relates to methods and compositions for enhancing folding and stability of biological molecules. In particular, the present invention relates to methods and compositions for identifying biological molecules with enhanced...