ADVICE TO STUDENTS:
This booklet contains the programmes including the flowcharts,
instructional objectives and continuous assessment schedules for the
academic year. You are advised to keep this booklet always with you for
reference. Please take note of the instructional objectives for both
lectures and practicals. Try to practice the following methodical
Read textbooks as shown in pre-reading sections of
instructional objectives for each lecture/practical before coming to
Soon after the class, check for yourself whether you have been able
to achieve all instructional objective as it was intended for.
Regularly attend all classes and practicals. Do not miss quizzes
that are taken only to check whether you are running along with the
programmes or lagging behind.
You must actively participate in all the activities in the
You must feel free to contact any of the teaching staff or
facilitator, if you have questions or difficulties in the course, or
you would like additional informations.
You are advised not to depend on handouts.
Weekly programme: Lectures
(4 per week) Sun 8 - 9 A.M.
Mon 9 - 10 A.M.
Tues 9 - 10 A.M.
Wed 8 - 9 A.M.
Practical / Tutorial
Sun 1-4 P.M.
- 12 P.M.
Physiology is an experimental science and hence all practicals are so
designed as to cover the understanding of mechanisms and control systems
involved in each organ of the body. The students will participate in
each practical so that they acquire the skill and be able to interpret
the results obtained. In few instances, there will be demonstration of
a set-up to the students to explain the effects of drugs and to explain
some basic mechanism involved.
There will be one tutorial per week during this time. Few queries will
be given in the form of data to solve certain problems, which will be
based on the lectures given in that week. Tutorials will be arranged in
small groups. During this time students will further discuss any point
they find difficult to understand during the lecture time. Tutorials
topic will be announced a few days before. Students MUST study
the topic such that they should be able to actively participate in the
discussion. In a few tutorial times, seminars and poster demonstrations
will be conducted by students. In these seminars the student will
prepare and present a topic to his colleagues in the presence of the
teacher. Each student is expected to take up the presentation of
seminar or a poster. Some tutorial times will be used as review
OF THE FIRST HALF:
Introduction to Physiology, Body Fluids, Blood, Nerve and Muscle,
Autonomic Nervous System, Cardiovascular System.
1- During introductory classes, the students will learn about cell
biology, body fluids and the mechanisms of transport across the cell
2- Blood physiology teaching will include details about the formed
elements, basic immunity and body defense, blood groups, blood
transfusion and the mechanisms of haemostasis.
3- Lectures on muscle and nerve will help students to understand the
basic electrophysiology e.g., membrane potentials, action potentials.
The molecular basis of muscle contraction will also be covered in
4- Autonomic nervous system will include anatomical organization and
the effects of sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation on
5- Cardiovascular system will be covered in five parts namely heart
as a pump, vascular system haemodynamics, regional circulation and
pathophysiology of few abnormal states e.g. hypotension, shock and
TOPICS OF THE SECOND HALF:
Respiratory System, Gastrointestinal System, Endocrine, Kidney, Acid
Base Balance, and Reproduction.
1- The respiratory system will be covered under the heading of
ventilation, diffusion and perfusion, gas transport, mechanics and
regulation of breathing.
2- Gastrointestinal teaching will enable the students to understand
the complex processes occurring along the gastrointestinal tract,
secretory, absorptive and motility. Emphasis is made on the mechanisms
by which these functions are controlled.
3- Kidney and excretory system lectures will cover the functional
anatomy, filtration, re-absorption and secretion. The concept of
clearance and urine concentration mechanism will be explained.
4- Acid base balance regulation by the body will be explained and
abnormalities in the form of acidosis and alkalosis will be discussed.
5- Endocrine system teaching will include glands like pituitary,
thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreas. Hormonal actions,
regulation of secretion and disorder of function of each gland will be
6- Reproductive system will be taught so that the students will be
able to understand sex determination and differentiation, menstrual
cycle, pregnancy and the action of hormones in both the sexes.
Total Marks = 100
First Half :
First Continuous Assessment
= 12 marks (During 10th week)
Second Continuous Assessment
= 16 marks (During 17th week)
First Practical Examination and Lab Work
= 5 marks (Written paper)
= 4 marks
= 38 marks
Second Continuous Assessment is comprehensive for lecture material
covered during the whole first half of the year.
Third Continuous Assessment
= 10 marks
Second Practical Examination and Lab Work
= 7 marks (Written paper)
(Practical = 5 marks, Lab Work=2 marks)
= 5 marks
= 22 marks
Final Examination at the End of the Year :
= 30 marks
= 10 marks
= 40 marks
Summary Of Marks Distribution:
1st half total (38 marks) + 2nd half total (22
marks) = 60 marks
Written (30 marks) + Oral (10 marks) = 40 marks
*Both the written and oral final exams at the end of
the year are comprehensive for lecture material covered during the
second half of the year plus applied physiology topics selected from
material covered during the first half of the year.