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Guidelines_English_Final

 

                    Pharmacy Course I                 

  PCOL 282 Curriculum 

 

Recommended  Textbook: 

 

§ Human mechanism of diseases, by: (Guyton)

             Reference  Books:  

§  Review of Medical Physiology by, (Ganong), 21st edition.

 

                                                      

ADVICE TO STUDENTS:

This booklet contains the whole semester program including the course schedule, lecture contents and details of all examinations for the academic year.  Students are advised to keep this booklet always with them for reference. They are also advised to try to practice the following methodical approach:

1-      Read textbooks as shown in the Reference” column of course schedule for each lecture before coming to class. 

2-      Soon after the class, check for yourself whether you have been able to get the information you need the least.

3-      Regularly attend all classes and practicals and regularly assess yourself whether you are running along with the program or lagging behind.

4-      You must actively participate in all the activities in the laboratory.

5-      You must feel free to contact any of the teaching staff or course organizer, if you have questions or difficulties in the course, or you would like additional information.

6-      You are advised not to depend on handouts.

 

COURSE TIMING:

(A)   Lectures:  (2 Hours Every Week)

Days

Time

Monday

10:00 am -12:00 pm

 

(B)  Practicals: 

Days

Time

Venue

Monday

12--3:00 pm

Physiology Practical Laboratory

 

(C)  Student’s Activity:    (CD, Seminar, Tutorial, Data Analysis)

Day

Time

Monday

10 am -12 pm

 

 

PRACTICALS SCHEDULE:

No.

TITLE

1

RBCs, WBCs count, Hb%, Haematocrit

Clinical Application

2

Blood groups, Bleeding time, Clotting time, ESR

3

Action potentials & simple muscle twitch, Effect of Chemicals on Heart

4

 E.C.G.

5

Blood pressure & heart sounds

 

Practical Exam

 

 

COURSE  CONTENTS:  (6 Units)

 

No.

Unit

Lectures

1

Introduction and Cell Physiology

2

2

Blood

6

3

Autonomic

2

4

Nerve and Muscle

4

5

Respiratory System

4

6

Heart and Circulation

6

 

 

COURSE  DESCRIPTION:

UNIT – ( I )

INTRODUCTION AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY

Orientation of Physiology Department &Introduction:

·         Physiology Course

  • Evaluation

Cell  physiology

Organelles & Cell membrane composition& functions

Body Fluids

·         Composition

·         Compartments

      *   Dehydration signs 

-Transport across the cell membrane  -transport principles  & mechanisms

  • Diffusion & Osmosis &Carrier-Mediated Transport

UNIT – (II)

BLOOD PHYSIOLOGY  

Composition of the Blood

  • General  functions
  • Red blood cells
  • Erythropoiesis
  • Factors affecting it.
  • Anemia and its Types
  • WBCs
  • Types & counts
  • Functions
  • Blood groups

ABO System

  • Blood Transfusion Reactions   .     Rh Factor

Practical(1)

RBC / WBC / Hb% & Hct

Clinical Application

Hemostasis:

  • Steps
  • Mechanisms

§  Abnormalities

 Practical(2)

 Blood Groups, Bleeding Time, Clotting Time, ESR

UNIT – (III)

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM PHYSIOLOGY  

Organization of Autonomic Nervous System

  • Autonomic Neurons
  • Visceral Effectors Organs

Somatic and Autonomic Reflexes

Divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System

  • Sympathetic Division
  • Parasympathetic Division

Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System

  • Sympathetic Effects
  • Parasympathetic Effects

. Adrenergic and Cholinergic Synaptic Transmission

. Responses to Adrenergic Stimulation

. Responses to Cholinergic Stimulation

. Effect of chemicals on autonomic receptors

First Continuous Assessment Examination

UNIT – (IV)

NERVE AND MUSCLE PHYSIOLOGY

Neurons

  • Structure & function 

The Membrane Potential

  • Resting Membrane Potential& its ionic basis
  • Action Potentials
  • Definition & ionic bases

Skeletal Muscle

·         Structure& Anatomy

·         Molecular bases of Contraction .Excitation-Contraction Coupling

Practical (3)

Nerve action potential

UNIT – (V)

RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY

Structure & function of the Respiratory System.

Physical Aspects of Ventilation.

Pulmonary volumes& capacities

 Factors affecting gas exchange

Transport of gases

Regulation of Breathing

Second Continuous Assessment Examination

UNIT – (VI)

HEART AND CIRCULATION PHYSIOLOGY

  • Histology & anatomy of the heart and circulatory system
  • -Cardiac properties
  • contractility, rhythmicity, conductivity, excitability

CARDIAC CYCLE:-

-phases & pressure changes of cardiac cycle events

-cardiac output ( definition& factors affecting)

Practical (5)

ECG

  Blood Pressure  & heart sounds

-Definition

-Regulation

-Hypertension

Practical (6)

heart sound &  Blood Pressure

Student activity

 

PROPOSED TOPICS FOR PRESENTATION:

1-         Physiologic Anatomy of Autonomic nervous System.

2-         Autonomic Receptors.

3-         Effects of Sympathetic Nervous System.

4-         Effects of Parasympathetic Nervous System.

5-         Neuromuscular Junction.

6-         Properties of Cardiac Muscle.

7-        Regulation of breathing.

8-        Transport of gases.

EVALUATION:  (5 Exams per Semester)

Name of Exam

Marks

Total 100

First Continuous Assessment

20

Second Continuous Assessment

25

Students Activity Assessment

5

Practical Examination

10

Final Written Examination

40

 

 

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