APPLICATION OF SILVER-, IRON-, AND CHITOSAN- NANOPARTICLES IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Journal Article
, M.M. Naim, A.A. El-Shafei, M.M. Elewa, A.A. Moneer . 2017
نوع عمل المنشور: 
ورقة بحثية
المجلة \ الصحيفة: 
Desalination and Water Treatment
رقم الإصدار السنوي: 
73
الصفحات: 
268-280
مستخلص المنشور: 

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) play an important role in the electronic industry, whereas, Zerovalent
iron (ZVI) has been widely investigated for environmental remediation due to its fairly strong reducing
power and its ability to adsorb an array of important contaminants such as heavy metals and
metalloids, while, chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) have proven efficacy in removal of heavy metals,
dyes and phenols from wastewater. In the present work, chemical methods have been conducted
to prepare nanoparticles made from silver, iron, and chitosan. Ag-NPs were prepared from AgNO3
as starting material then the particles obtained were coated on filter paper; also, a cellulose acetate
(CA) membrane was prepared after mixing the casting solution with Ag-NPs, then both subjected to
Escherichia (E.) coli bacteria for testing their ability to destroy the bacteria. The E. coli was prepared
according to a standard procedure and the colonies counted before and after treatment with treated
filter paper and membrane. It is noteworthy that the present work contains a simple new method
to prepare Ag-NPs. Results proved that Ag-NPs destroy the E. coli bacteria completely at room temperature
in both filter paper and CA membrane. Also, Nano iron (nZVI) was prepared by reduction
of ferric chloride by sodium borohydride, then filtered and used to remove Cu(II) ions from aqueous
solution. CS-NPs were prepared by two methods, first by preparation of low molecular weight chitosan
(LWCS) followed by its degradation to CS-NPs using different concentrations of H2O2 solution.
The second method was done by preparing CS-NPs using AgNO3. The CS-NPs membrane was able
to biosorb 70.68 and 42.1% of NaCl from a 9.38 and 15.2 g/L salt solution respectively, whereas biosorption
of CuSO4 was 59.8% from 12.5 g/L solution, due to the presence of numerous functional
groups besides the amino and hydroxyl groups.
Keywords: Nanoparticles; Wastewater treatment; Escherichia coli; Nanosilver; Cupric ions; Nano-
zero valent iron; Nanochitosan

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