College of Languages & Translation                                                      Linguistics I First Interm Exam

Name: .........................................................................................................                   ID: .................................................

 

 

 


Q1. MATCH.

         1.         Glossogenetics

(  2 ) One of the two functions of a language.

         2.         Interactional

(  5  ) A set of body movements that was developed as a means of communication.

         3.         Pictograms

(  1 ) An approach to the study of human languages that focuses on the biological basis of the formation and development of such languages.

         4.         Onomatopoeic

(  3  ) A particular form of writing in which pictures represent images.

         5.         The oral-gesture theory

( 4  ) Echoing and imitating natural sounds.

 

 Q2. FOR EACH GROUP OF SOUNDS LISTED, STATE THE PHONETIC FEATURE(S) THEY ALL SHARE.

GROUP OF SOUNDS

SHARED FEATURES

 

[p] [b] [m]

Bilabial, Stop, Consonant

1.       

[f] [v] [θ] [đ]

Fricative, Dental, Consonant

2.       

[i]   [u]

High Vowels

3.       

[ɘ]  [ʌ]

 Central Vowels

4.       

[] [] [ʃ]  [ʒ]

Alveo-palatal Consonants

5.       

[k]  [ɡ]  [ŋ]

Velar Consonants

 

Q3. DEFINE AND GIVE TWO EXAMPLES FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING WORD-FORMATION PROCESSES.

a)      Backformation:

It is a reduction process whereby a real or supposed affix is removed from a word. Resurrect is formed from Resurrection. Housekeep, enthuse, and donate are all examples.

 

b)      Coinage:

Words here are created from scratch with the help of computers. This process is common in cases where industry looks for a new and attractive name of a product. Think of kleenex, aspirin, nylon, zipper, teflon, xerox, kudo, & kodak.

 

c)      Blending

It is the process of taking only the beginning of one word and attaching it to the end of another word.  Simple process, is not it? How can we forget words like smog, smaze, smurk, bit, motel, spam, edutainment and brunch?

 

d)      Conversion

It is a process that assigns an already existing word to a new syntactic category. You may hear someone saying “This is a must!”  “That was not a bad guess!” “Take the printout to the editor!”

 

e)      Clipping:

It is the process of reducing a word by taking out part of it to make it smaller. This happens mostly with words with more than one syllable. Some of the most clipped words are names like Liz and Rob.  Prof, doc, ad, auto, fax and zoo are all examples. 

Q4. DECIDE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ARE TRUE (√) OR FALSE (X).

 

¦ The word “know” is an example for the vowel [ʊ]                                                             ( x  )

¦ The word “cat” is an example for the vowel [ć]                                                                 (   ) 

¦ Alveolar is an example of a manner of articulation.                                                            ( x  )

¦ The sounds[t] [d] [s] and [z] are all voiced.                                                                         ( x  )

¦ Acoustic phonetics deals with the perception of speech sounds.                                        ( x  )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

College of Languages & Translation                                                      Linguistics I First Interm Exam

Name: .........................................................................................................                   ID: .................................................

 

 

 

 


Q1. MATCH  

1.      Onomatopoeic

(  5 ) Each of the two hemispheres has specialized functions.

2.      Logograms

( 4  ) A set of body movements that was developed as a means of communication.

3.      Interactional

(  2 ) A particular form of writing in which symbols represent words

4.      The oral-gesture theory

(  3 ) One of the two functions of a language

5.      Brain lateralization

(  1 ) Echoing and imitating natural sounds.

 

Q2. FOR EACH GROUP OF SOUNDS LISTED, STATE THE PHONETIC FEATURE(S) THEY ALL SHARE.

GROUP OF SOUNDS

SHARED FEATURES

 

[p] [b] [m]

Bilabial, Stop, Consonant

1.       

[f] [v] [θ] [đ]

Fricative, Dental, Consonant

2.       

[i]   [u]

High Vowels

3.       

[ɘ]  [ʌ]

 Central Vowels

4.       

[] [] [ʃ]  [ʒ]

Alveo-palatal Consonants

5.       

[k]  [ɡ]  [ŋ]

Velar Consonants

 

Q3. DEFINE AND GIVE TWO EXAMPLES FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING WORD-FORMATION PROCESSES.

a)      Compounding

It is simply the process of joining two separate words to create a new word. More specifically, it is the combination of two lexical categories (N, Adj., V, or preposition) to create larger words. Overload, Happy hour

b)      Blending

It is the process of taking only the beginning of one word and attaching it to the end of another word.  Simple process, is not it? How can we forget words like smog, smaze, smurk, bit, motel, spam, edutainment and brunch?

 

c)      Coinage:

Words here are created from scratch with the help of computers. This process is common in cases where industry looks for a new and attractive name of a product. Think of kleenex, aspirin, nylon, zipper, teflon, xerox, kudo, & kodak.

 

 

 

d)      Conversion

It is a process that assigns an already existing word to a new syntactic category. You may hear someone saying “This is a must!”  “That was not a bad guess!” “Take the printout to the editor!”

 

e)      Clipping:

It is the process of reducing a word by taking out part of it to make it smaller. This happens mostly with words with more than one syllable. Some of the most clipped words are names like Liz and Rob.  Prof, doc, ad, auto, fax and zoo are all examples. 

 

Q4. DECIDE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ARE TRUE (√) OR FALSE (X).

¦ The word “low” is an example for the vowel [ʊ]                                                                ( x  )

¦ The word “meat” is an example for the vowel [ć]                                                              ( x  ) 

¦ Affricate is an example of a place of articulation.                                                               ( x  )

¦ The sounds[t] [d] [s] and [z] are all voiceless.                                                                     ( x  )

¦ Articulatory phonetics deals with the perception of speech sounds.                                   ( x )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P