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Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


 

Name: ………………………………     Academic No. ………………

Long ago goods were manufactured by craftsmen, who were skilled workmen. A craftsman was proud of each article he made. He spent a long time in making it and took great care over its manufacture, and people paid a high price for it when it was finished. The marvelous Parisian carpets, the beautiful Chinese pottery and the hand-made lace of certain European countries were made in this way. But these articles were bought only by the rich. Poorer people had to be satisfied with goods that were roughly and cheaply made.

When the population of Europe increased, there was a demand for goods of better quality. These goods had to be produced in factories and workshops where hundreds of workers were employed. The invention of the steam engine helped manufacturers by giving them cheaper power to work their machines. Machines took the place of men. Production was increased. People were able to buy articles of good quality at low prices. The age of mass production had arrived. A ‘mass’ is a large number or quantity. Mass production means the manufacture of a large number of identical articles by the use of machinery. Cars, radios, cameras are examples of the many types of article that are mass produced today.

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