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1) BOT 101 General Botany

2) PPS 105 Plant Production Systems

Course Content

An introduction to plant production covering plant environment and its effects on production. Cultural practices. Cropping systems (field crops, horticultural crops). Controlled environment agriculture systems. Recent trends in plant production.

Course Objective

This is an introductory course required for all undergraduate students of the College of Food & Agricultural Sciences. It is aimed to introduce to students to various systems of plant production with particular emphasis on modern practices in the Kingdom. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to obtain an understanding of the following topics:

  • A brief history of man and agriculture

  • Influence of environmental factors on plant production

  • Different systems of plant production

  • Recent trends in plant production


No textbook is required. However, as a reference, students are encouraged to obtain a copy of the book titled: Principles of Plant Production,  3rd edition, King Saud University Press. This book was written by a group of former faculty members of the department.

3) PPS 201 Principles of Plant Production

4) PPS 203 Crop Ecology

Course Content

Environmental Factors(climatic, Soil, Biotic), Environmental factors and their relation to crop growth and development, The Relationship between crops and the living organisms in the environment, Crop Adaptation, Environmental Stresses(Sources, Types & their effects on growth, Tolerance & Resistance, Agricultural crop production under stress conditions.

Course Requirement is PPS 105


1) Principles of Ecology in Plants Production.(CABI, 1998) By T.R Sinclair & F.P. Gardner.

2) Crop Ecology: Productivity and Management in Agricultural System.(Cambridge University Press, 1992) by R.S. Loomis & D.J. Conner.

3) Levitt, C. 1980.  Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses II. Academic Press, INC, USA.

4) Hanan, Joe. A. 1984. Plant Environmental Measurements.  Bookmaker Guild, CO, USA.

5) PPS 309 Crop Physiology

Course Content

 Seed & Germination, Water Relations, Mineral Nutrition, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Energy & Photosynthesis, Transport & Partitioning, Growth & Development, Root Growth, Vegetative Growth, Flowering & Fruiting, Growth Analysis, Use of Plant Growth Regulators in Agricultural Crops, Applied Case Studies. 


Physiology of Crop Plants.  Franklin P. Gardner et al., 1985.  Iowa State University Press.

Course Requirement is BOT 101

Graduate Courses

6) PPS 500 Environmental Stress Physiology

Course Content

Environmental stresses (Definitions - Recourses - Types - Interactions). Plant environments and their effects on growth stages (Seed germination, Vegetative growth, Flowering, and productive stage).  The effects on plant physiological process such as water & minerals absorption, photosynthesis, respiration, translocation & partitioning, nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen fixation, hormonal balance.  Plant response to stresses (adaptation, Hardening, Resistance and Physiological mechanisms). Factors affecting plant resistance to stresses. Plant growth improvement under environmental stresses conditions.

7) PPS 503 Crop Water Relations

 Course Content

Water properties and functions - Aqueous solutions and measuring concentration - Plant cell water relations.   Water potential and its components - The importance of water in plants Water in soil & plants - Root growth and functions - Absorption mechanisms & water movement in plant - Factors affecting the absorption of water - Evapotranspiration and crop water consumption. Agricultural crop water requirements. Water use conservation.  Water deficits and plant growth.  Effect of heat, drought and salts on crop water status. Measuring of water status in soil and plants