Subject : Medical Applications by Computers
Description of the Course : The course starts with introduction to computers in medicine. Then, lectures on telemedicine are hold: history and methods. Types of telemedicine : real time (synchronous) and store-and-forward (asynchronous). Teleradiology follows with types of connections between sending station and diagnostic stations. Lectures on signal processing and then image processing are given. Analog signal processing and digital signal processing with emphasis on biological signals such as ECG & EEG are examined. Topics like sampling, digitization and quantization with hints to Fourier transform are explored.. Most image-processing techniques involve treating the image as a two-dimensional signal and applying standard signal processing techniques to it. Resolution, filtering, edge detection, noise reduction and other techniques are studied. A section on hospital information system (HIS) follows. Information handling in hospitals and requirements for HIS are discussed. Distributed architecture of HIS is examined together with the objectives of HIS. The interoperability of radiological information system (RIS) with other intra-hospital information systems is explored. The relation of RIS with picture archiving and communication system (PACS) is reviewed. Topics like DICOM, and workstations are explained. Finally, a hint to fault-diagnostic programs is given.
Objectives of the Course:
1. to be familiar with topics in Telemedicine.
2. to be acquainted with signal processing and image processing.
3. to know the principles of HIS, RIS and PACS.
4. to have background about fault diagnostic programs.
Dr. Eng. Mohamed Sa'eed Shawky El-Mahdi.