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Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


  By : ahmad ameen Juomah

Course Number and Symbol Chem. 106   2(2+0)

Course Name: Organic Chemistry-for Health Sciences

Specific course aims at providing the student in the Health Sciences with the basic concepts of organic chemistry relevant to their further studies.

1-Hydrocarbons:

          a) Alkanes and Cycloalkanes (4 lectures)

            Sp3–hybridization, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility, sources, synthesis ( in out line only), reaction (oxidation and free radical halogenation (no mechanism required).

b)Alkenes and Cycloalkenes(4 lectures)

Sp2–hybridization, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility), synthesis [dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides, dehydration of alcohols], reaction [halogenations, hydrogenation, addition of hydrogen halides, halohydrin formation, oxidation, epoxidation, ozonololysis].

c)Alkynes and Cycloalkynes(2 lectures) 

Sp–hybridization, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility), sources, synthesis [from CaC2, dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides, from sodiumacetylides], reaction [hydrogenation, addition of HX, H2O, X2]. 

2-Benzene and aromatic compounds (3 lectures):

Structure and stability of benzene, aromatic character, Nomenclature, reactions [aromatic( halogenations, alkylation's, nitration, sulphonation) and side chain (halogenations of alkyl side chain, oxidation )

3-Halogen containing compounds (2 lectures):      

Classification, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility),synthesis [halogenations of alkanes, addition of HX to alkenes and alkynes, from alcohol( SOCl2 , PX3, PX5)], reactions(nucleophilic substitution,         elimination, grignards reagent, reduction by metal and acids)

4-Oxygen containing compounds 

          a) Alcohol, Phenol, Ether, Epoxides (7 lectures)

            Classification, structure, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility, hydrogen bonds, b.pts), synthesis of alcohols( review from alkenes and alkyl halides , Grignard reagent with aldehyde , ketone and esters, reduction of aldehyde, ketones , acids and esters). Synthesis of phenols ( hydrolysis of diazonium salt, alkali fusion, of sodium benzenesulfonates). Synthesis of ether ( dehydration of alcohols , William synthesis of epoxide, synthesis from alkenes and alcohol , reaction of alcohols( salt formation, oxidation, ester formation) reaction of phenol(salt formation, oxidation, ester formation), reaction of ethers(with HI, reaction of epoxide(three member ring ) with H2O, ROH,  HX, LiAlH4, phenol, Grignard reagent. 

b) Aldehyde and ketones (3 lectures)

Structure, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility,  b.pts), synthesis [ oxidation of alcohols, ozonolysis of alkenes, hydration of alkynes, hydrolysis of alkyl dihalides], reaction of aldehyde and ketones [ rection of carbonyl compounds, addition of Grignard reagent, addition of alkynide ions, addition of HCN(hydrolysis of the product), addition of alcohol,(hemiacetal, cital, hemiketal, and ketal formation, no mechanism , addition of ammonia and it's derivatives, synthesis of amino acids , acidity of aldehaydes and ketones, aldol condensation. 

c) Carboxylic acids and it's derivatives (7 lectures)

Structure, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility,  b.pts), synthesis [ oxidation of aldehyde], carbonation of Grignard reagent, hydrolysis of nitrile, and carbonation of acetylide ion, reaction of carboxylic acid( salt formation, formation of acid derivatives: acid chloride, acid anhydride, amide, ester. Reaction of acid derivatives [elimination reaction, hydrolysis of acid chloride, ester, reaction with acid chloride, acetylation , reduction.

5-Nitrogen-contaning compounds (2 lectures)   

           Classification, structure, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility, hydrogen bonds, b.pts), basicity of aliphatic amine and aniline, quaternary ammonium salt, synthesis, of amines[ reduction of nitro, nitrile, oxime, amide, alkylation of ammonia], reaction [ salt formation, alkylation, reaction with nitrous acid, amide formation.

Distribution of marks

Exam. I after 6 weeks……….     25 %

Exam. II after 11 weeks……….. 25 %

Final Exam. …………………..   50 %

Total                                          100 %

 

 

 
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