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Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


Course 112

 

 

MAJOR VESSELS OF THE HEAD & NECK

 

1. Ligation of the external carotid artery would affect the blood supply to all the following structures EXCEPT :

a. Orbit.

b. Face.

c. Thyroid gland.

d. Tongue.

e. Pharynx.

 

3. All the following are tributaries of the internal jugular vein EXCEPT:

a. Superior thyroid vein.

b. Lingual vein.

c. External jugular vein.

d. Inferior petrosal sinus.

e. Occipital vein. 

ANSWER :

1. a

3. c

 

ORAL CAVITY, TONGUE & PALATE

1. All the following nerves supply the mucous membrane of the mouth EXCEPT:

a. Nasopalatine.

b. Lingual.

c. Greater palatine.

d. Chorda tympani.

e. Buccal branch of facial.

 

2. Taste sensation from the anterior two thirds of the tongue is carried through which of the following nerves SELECT the true answer :

 a. Lingual.

 b. Chorda tympani.

 c. Glossopharyngeal.

d. Hypoglossal.

e. Maxillary.

 

 

ANSWER :

1. e

2. b

PHARYNX

 

1. The sensory nerve supply to the mucous membrane around the entrance of the larynx is through ( Select the appropriate answer) :

a. Internal laryngeal nerve.

b. External laryngeal nerve.

c. Recurrent laryngeal nerve.

d. Glossopharyngeal nerve.

e. Maxillary nerve.

 

3. Regarding the pharynx, all the following statements are true Except :

a. It is continuous with the esophagus at the level of six cervical vertebra.

b. Its wall is formed of three layers.

c. It is related anteriorly to the pretracheal fascia.

d. Its lateral wall receives the opening of the auditory tube.

e. The cricopharyngeus muscle is the lowest fibers of the inferior constrictor.

 

ANSWER :

1.      a

2.      c

NASAL CAVITY & PARANASAL SINUSES

1.     The most important artery supplying the nasal cavity (Select the most appropriate answer) :

  1. Superior labial artery.
  2. Sphenopalatine artery.
  3. Anterior ethmoidal artery.
  4. Descending palatine artery.
  5. Greater palatine artery.

 

 

 

ANSWER :

  1. b

 

Course 121

 

 

GLUTEAL REGION & IMPORTANT ANASTOMOSIS IN THE THIGH

1. The iliotibial tract receives contributing fibers from (Select the true answer):

a. Tensor fascia lata.

b. Gluteal medius muscle.

c. Inguinal ligament.

d. Sacrotuberous ligament.

e. Gluteus minimus muscle.

 

 

ANSWER :

1. a

BACK OF THIGH & POPLITEAL FOSSA

1. The posterior compartment has its arterial supply from branches of :

a. Popliteal artery.

b. Profunda femoris artery.

c. Obturator artery.

d. Inferior gluteal artery.

e. Femoral artery.

 

 

ANSWER:

1. b

WEEK (12)

HIP JOINT

1. The hip joint  is directly related to all the following structures Except :

a. Femoral vessels.

b. Obturator internus.

c. Gluteus minimus.

d. Iliopsoas.

e. Obturator externus.

 

 

ANSWER:

1. a

ANTERIOR & LATERAL COMPARTMENTS OF THE LEG AND DORSUM OF THE FOOT

 

2. The deep peroneal nerve supplies all the following muscles Except :

a. Peroneus tertius.

b. Peroneus longus.

c. Extensor hallucius longus.

d. Extensor digitorum longus.

e. Extensor digitorum brevis.

 

 

ANSWER :

1. a

2. b

3. b

4. a

5. e

NERVE INJURY

1. Damage to the obturator nerve on the lateral wall of the pelvis would affect the function of the following muscles Except :

a. Sartorius.

b. Gracilis.

c. Adductor longus.

d. Pectineus.

e. Adductor magnus.

2. Loss of extension of the knee would result from injury of which of the following nerves  ? :

a. Tibial nerve.

b. Sciatic nerve.

c. Anterior tibial nerve.

d. Femoral nerve.

e. Common peroneal nerve.

 

3. Injury of the tibial nerve in the popliteal  fossa is associated with loss of cutaneous supply to the skin of :

a. Medial border of the foot.

b. Lateral border of the foot.

c. Dorsum of the foot.

d. Medial side of the big toe.

e. Lateral side of the back of the leg.

 

4. Inability to raise the foot (foot drop) is a manifestation of injury of which of the following nerves ?

a. Common peroneal.

b. Posterior tibial.

c. Femoral.

d. Obturator.

e. Saphenous.

 

ANSWER :

1. a

2.d

3.b

4.a

5. c

 

5. Regarding nerve injury, Select the most appropriate answer:

a. Adduction is totally lost with obturator nerve injury.

b. Tibial nerve injury causes loss of dorsiflexion and eversion of the foot.

C. Deep peroneal nerve injury causes loss of sensation of the skin of the adjacent sides of the first and second toes.

d. Femoral nerve injury is associated with sensory loss over the lateral aspect of the thigh.

e. Sciatic nerve injury has no effect on the skin of the sole of the foot.

KNEE JOINT

1. Regarding the knee joint, all the following statements are true Except :

a. The medial meniscus is firmly attached to the medial collateral ligament.

b. The oblique popliteal ligament is a tendinous expansion from the popliteus.

c. The posterior cruciate ligament prevents anterior displacement of the femur on the tibia.

d. The capsule is absent anteriorly.

e. Its stability depends mostly on the tone of the muscles.

 

2. The extra capsular ligaments are all the following Except :

a. Ligamentum patellae.

b. Cruciate.

c. Medial collateral.

d. Oblique popliteal.

e. Lateral collateral.

3. The unlocking movement preceding flexion of the knee joint is performed by :

a. Plantaris.

b. Popliteus.

c. Peroneus longus.

d. Biceps femoris.

e. Semimembranosus.

 

4. Regarding the knee joint, all the following are true Except :

a. The articulating surfaces are covered by hyaline cartilage.

b. The lateral meniscus is more liable to injury.

c. It is laterally rotated by the biceps femoris.

d. The popliteus separates the lateral meniscus from the lateral collateral ligament.

e. It has nerve supply from both the femoral and obturator nerves.

ANSWER :

1. b

2.b

3.b

4.b

POSTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG

1. The following structures pass deep to the flexor retinaculum Except :

a. Tibialis posterior.

b. Tibial nerve.

c. Medial and lateral planter arteries.

d.Flexor digitorum longus.

e. Flexor hallucius longus.

 

2. The tibial nerve supplies all the following muscles Except :

a. Flexor digitorum longus.

b. Gastrocnemius.

c.Flexor hallucius longus.

d. Popliteus.

e. Extensor digitorum longus.

 

3. The muscles of the deep group of the posterior compartment of the leg are all the following Except :

a. Tibialis posterior.

b. Popliteus.

c. Plantaris.

d. Flexor hallucius longus.

e. Flexor digitorum longus.

 

4. Regarding the soleus muscle :

a. It is the most superficial of the calf muscles.

b. It is inserted into the posterior part of the tendo calcaneus.

c. It is a powerful planter flexor of the ankle joint.

d. It has part of its origin from the medial femoral condyle.

e. It has its nerve supply from the tibial nerve. 

ANSWER :

1. c

2. e

3.c

4. a

 

 

Course 123

 

 

 

FACE, NASAL CAVITY AND PALATE

1. The lower lip is formed from (Select the true answer):

a.Maxillary  prominences.

b.Lateral nasal prominences.

c.Mandibular prominences.

d.Fronto nasal prominence.

e.Medial nasal prominence.

2. The major part of the secondary palate is formed from (Select the true answer):

a.Intermaxillary segment.

b.Lateral palatine processes.

c.Medial palatine processes.

d.Frontonasal prominence.

e.Medial nasal prominence.

 

 

ANSWER :

1.c

2.b

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

1. Regarding the development of the lungs, all the following are true Except :

a.The bronchi and terminal bronchioles are formed during the pseudoglandular period.

b.The canalicular period is characterized by highly vascular lung tissue.

c.The terminal sac period continues from 24 weeks to birth.

d.The final stage of development continues to about (8) years of age.

e.The respiratory system is incapable of immediate function at birth.

 

2. Regarding the development of the larynx, all the following are true Except :

a.The epiglottis develops from the caudal part of the hypobranchial eminence.

b.The laryngotracheal diverticulum develops caudal to the 4th pair of pharyngeal arches.

c.The laryngeal muscles develop from the 4th and 6th pairs of pharyngeal arches.

d.Recanalisation occurs by the 10th week.

e.Growth is rapid during the first three years after birth.

 

 

ANSWER:

1. e

2. b.

 

Course  124 

 

 

 

 

Thyroid gland,  Anterior triangle & Carotid sheath

 

1. ligation of the inferior thyroid artery during thyroidectomy could be complicated by hoarseness of  voice because of compression of (Select the most appropriate answer):

   a.External laryngeal nerve.

   b.Internal laryngeal nerve.

   c.Recurrent laryngeal nerve.

   d.Superior laryngeal nerve.

  e.Carotid sympathetic plexus.

 

ANSWER:

1. c

  

DEVELOPMENT OF THE CNS

1. The sulcus limitans delineates the (select the appropriate answer :

  1. Alar plate from the basal plate.
  2. Basal plate from the roof plate.
  3. Alar plate from the floor plate.
  4. Marginal layer from the mantle layer. 

e. Mantle layer from the ependymal layer.

 

 

ANSWER :

1.a

 

EXTERNAL FEATURES & BLOOD SUPPLY OF THE SPINAL CORD

1.The spinal cord has its arterial supply through the following arteries except :

a. Vertebral.

b. Posterior inferior cerebellar.

c. Intercostals.

d. Lumbar.

e. Internal carotid.

 

 

ANSWER :

1.e

 

INTERNAL FEATURES OF THE SPINAL CORD

1.The lateral white column contains all the following fasciculi except :

  1. Lateral corticospinal.
  2. Dorsal spinocerebellar.
  3. Rubrospinal.
  4. Fasciculus proprius.
  5. Lateral vestibulospinal.

 

  1.  

 

ANSWER:

1. d

                    BRAIN STEM

 

1.  The following structures are identified on the ventral surface of the brain stem except :

a. Pyramids.

b. Trochlear nerve.

c. Olive.

d. Crura cerebri.

e. Middle cerebellar peduncles.

 

 

 

ANSWER :

1.  b.

 

 

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE MEDULLA

 

1. The following nuclei are present at the level of the rostral medulla except :

  1. Inferior olivary nucleus.
  2. Hypoglossal nucleus.
  3. Nucleus cuneatus.
  4. Dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus.
  5. Nucleus solitaries.

 

 

ANSWER:

1.c

 

 

 

 

 

 
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