Ph.D. in Vibrational Circular Dichroism of small molecules, University of Illinois at Chicago, spring 1990.
M.Sc. in Physical Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1987.
M.Sc. in Electronic spectra and charge transfer complexes of some heterocyclic compounds, Cairo University, 1984.
14 computer courses as part of the M.Sc. degree in Computer Science, Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1987 – 1990.
B.Sc. in Chemistry, Cairo University, 1979.