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تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


 

Department              :           Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Course Number      :           CLS 223

Course Title             :           General Pathology

Credit Hours            :           2 + 0 = 2

 

 

Course Description:

Upon completion of this course, the students will have the appropriate knowledge about the causes of cellular stress and the general pathologic responses to cellular stress, the circulatory disturbance, the basic immune reactions, the main immunopathologic processes, Disorders of growth and neoplasia.

 

CLS 223:   Lectures Outline

 

Weeks                                               Subjects 

 

1.                              Introduction

-          Define pathology

-          Define disease, study of disease

 

2.                              Etiology

-          Predisposing and determining factors

-          Pathological anatomy (lesion)

-          Manifestation of the disease

-          Pathological physiology

-          Diagnosis

 

3.                              Causes of cell damage (stress)

Cellular response to stress

Degeneration

Necrosis and gangrene

 

4-5.                           Inflammation (definition, nomenclature and causes)

Pathogenesis, local vascular changes of acute inflammation

The inflammation exudates, inflammatory cells and chemical mediators and sequelae of acute inflammation

-          special types of acute inflammation

-          types of chronic inflammation

general effects of inflammation

 

6.                             Infection

-          factors influencing establishment of infection

-          factors influencing the course of infection

-          mechanism by which disease is produced: bacterial, viral and opportunistic infections

 

7.                             Healing

-          wound healing

-          factors influencing wound healing

-          complications

-          healing in special situations e.g. kidney, liver muscle, nervous tissue and bone

8-9.                          Circulatory Disturbances

-          hyperemia

-          congestion

-          obstruction

Ø  causes: thrombosis, embolism

Ø  effect of vascular obstruction leading to oedema

-          heamorrhage

                                     

10-11.                      Immunology

-          specific and non-specific immunity

-          immune response, antigen, antibodies, compliment, humoral cell mediated response

Diseases of the immune system

-          hypersensitivity reactions

-          auto-immune disease, tolerance

-          immune deficiency diseases

 

12.                          Disturbances of growth

-          hyperplasia

-          hypertrophy

-          atrophy

-          dysplasia

-          metaplasia

 

13-14.                     Neoplasia

-          definition and classifications

-          general features of benign and malignant tumors

-          effects and complication of benign and malignant tumors

-          tumor of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues

-          carcinogenesis

-          brief discussion on diagnosis of tumors and treatment

 

Assessments:

 

First Mid Term Examination:          25       

Second Mid Term Examination:    25

Quizzes Examination:                     10

Final Theoretical Examination:     40

 

 

References:

 

Emanuel Rubin, Essential Pathology, Lippincott Williams&Wilkins, Phiadelphia & London.


Department              :           Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Course Number      :           CLS 321

Course Title             :           General Pathology

Credit Hours            :           2 + 1 = 3

 

 

Course Description:

Upon completion of this course, the students will have the appropriate knowledge about the causes of cellular stress and the general pathologic responses to cellular stress, the circulatory disturbance, the basic immune reactions, the main immunopathologic processes, Disorders of growth and neoplasia.

 

CLS 321:   Lectures Outline

 

Weeks                                               Subjects 

 

1.                              Introduction

-          Define pathology

-          Define disease, study of disease

 

2.                              Etiology

-          Predisposing and determining factors

-          Pathological anatomy (lesion)

-          Manifestation of the disease

-          Pathological physiology

-          Diagnosis

 

3.                              Causes of cell damage (stress)

Cellular response to stress

Degeneration

Necrosis and gangrene

 

4-5.                           Inflammation (definition, nomenclature and causes)

Pathogenesis, local vascular changes of acute inflammation

The inflammation exudates, inflammatory cells and chemical mediators and sequelae of acute inflammation

-          special types of acute inflammation

-          types of chronic inflammation

general effects of inflammation

 

6.                             Infection

-          factors influencing establishment of infection

-          factors influencing the course of infection

-          mechanism by which disease is produced: bacterial, viral and opportunistic infections

 

7.                             Healing

-          wound healing

-          factors influencing wound healing

-          complications

-          healing in special situations e.g. kidney, liver muscle, nervous tissue and bone

8-9.                          Circulatory Disturbances

-          hyperemia

-          congestion

-          obstruction

Ø  causes: thrombosis, embolism

Ø  effect of vascular obstruction leading to oedema

-          heamorrhage

                                     

10-11.                      Immunology

-          specific and non-specific immunity

-          immune response, antigen, antibodies, compliment, humoral cell mediated response

Diseases of the immune system

-          hypersensitivity reactions

-          auto-immune disease, tolerance

-          immune deficiency diseases

 

12.                          Disturbances of growth

-          hyperplasia

-          hypertrophy

-          atrophy

-          dysplasia

-          metaplasia

 

13-14.                     Neoplasia

-          definition and classifications

-          general features of benign and malignant tumors

-          effects and complication of benign and malignant tumors

-          tumor of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues

-          carcinogenesis

-          brief discussion on diagnosis of tumors and treatment

 

 

CLS 321:   Laboratory Schedule

 

Weeks                                               Subjects

 

1.                                Disturbances of growth (projector slides)

- Atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia,….

 

2-3.                             Degeneration

       -    cloudy swelling of kidney

       -    normal and fatty liver

       -    liver fatty degeneration

       -    liver and kidney amyloid degeneration

       -    Spleen hyaline degeneration

       -    Gangrene

 

4-5.                             Chronic and Acute Inflammation

-          acute appendicitis

-          brain abscess

-          fibrinous pericarditis

-          Granuloma

-          pulmonary Tb

-          bilharzias

 

6.                                Healing + Granulation + Myocardial scaring

 

7.                                Circulatory Disturbances

-          chronic venous congestion of the liver

-          lung congestion

-          infarction (lung and kidney)

 

8.                               Circulatory Disturbances

  Aneurism, Thrombosis, Vegetation, Atherosclerosis

 

9-10.                          Benign Tumor

-          Breast, digestive system, neurofibroma

-          Fibrous tissue: fibroma, fibromyoma, lipoma and papilloma

 

11-12.                        Malignant Tumor

  Digestive, intestinal and lymph node

 

13.                             REVESION

 

14.                             FINAL PRACTICAL EXAM

  

Assessments:

 

First Mid Term Examination:          15       

Second Mid Term Examination:    15

Laboratory Quizzes:                                    5

Mid Term Practical Examination:  5

Final Practical Examination:          20

Final Theoretical Examination:     40

 

 

References:

 

Emanuel Rubin, Essential Pathology, Lippincott Williams&Wilkins, Phiadelphia & London


Department:              Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Course number:        CLS 323

Course title:               General Pathophysiology

Credit hours:             3 + 0 = 3

 

Course description:

This course is intended as a sequel to CLS 221 primarily for CAMS students. General consepts of pathophysiology will be discussed with appropriate covering to the general pathologic process due to cellular stress.

 

An organ system review of the most common diseases will adequate insight into causes. Pathophysiological mechanism of diseases, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis will be covered.

 

 

CLS 323: Lecture schedule

 

Week

 

Subject

1

 

Introduction.

Causes of cell stress.

Cellular response to stress

 

 

 

2,3

 

Inflammation.

Definition, nomenculture, causes, types.

Pathogenesis, general effects of inflammation, healing and repair.

 

 

 

4

 

Degeneration, neurosis, gangarene

 

 

 

5

 

The immune system and immune mechanisms, nonspecific and specific immunity,

Immune response, antigen antibodies

Hypersensitivity reactions, autoimmune disease, Tolerance and immunodeficiency diseases.

 

 

 

6

 

Circulatory disturbances

Normal control of blood flow, arterial Obstruction, thrombosis, embolism, ischaemia, Infarction, venous obstruction, congestion, hemorrhage, shock, oedema.

 

 

 

7

 

Disorder of growth

Hyperplasia, Hypertrophy, atrophy, metaplasia

Dysplaisa.

 

 

 

8

 

Neoplasia (Tumour)

Definition, classification, general features of benign and malignant tumour, effects and complications of benign and malignant tumors carcinogenesis.

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

Cardiovascular diseases

Physiology, congenital heart diseases, coronary

Diseases, hypertension, rheumatic fever, valvular

Diseases and heart failure,

 

 

 

10

 

Diseases of respiratory system

physiology, pulmonary infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, cancer and respiratory failure.

 

 

 

11

 

Diseases of endocrine system

Physiology, diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicasis

 

 

 

12

 

Diseases of joints and bone

Classification, pathogenesis and diagnosis of arthritis,

Osteomyleitis, fracture of bone, Tumours of bone

 

 

 

13

 

Organic disorder speech pathology.

 

 

 

14

 

Revision

 

Assessments:

First midterm examination:      25

Second midterm examination:   25

Quizzes Examination:               10

Final examination:                     40

                


Department              :           Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Course Number      :           CLS 421

Course Title             :           Pathophysiology

Credit Hours            :           2 + 1 = 3

 

 

Course Description:

At the completion of this course the student will know the normal structure and functions of the body systems studied. Student should be able to understand the pathophysiology of the most common diseases, its manifestations and the diagnostic methods used.

 

CLS 421:   Lectures Outline

 

Weeks                                               Subjects 

 

1,2,3,4.                      Cardiovascular System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Congenital Heart Disease, Valvular Disease, Rheumatic disease

-          Vascular Disease, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart disease

-          Hypertension, Hypotension, Heart Failure    

 

5,6,7,8.                      Respiratory System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Pneumonia, Tuberculosis

-          Obstructive Disease

-          Respiratory Failure

 

9.                               Female Genital System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Toxemia

 

10,11,12.                   Urinary System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Glomerulonephritis, Causes of Urinary Obstruction

-          Renal Failure

 

13.                              Digestive System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Common diseases of the digestive system

 

14,15.                         Endocrine System

-          Physiology and Manifestations

-          Common endocrine diseases

 

 

CLS 421:   Laboratory Schedule

 

Weeks                                               Subjects

 

1.                                 Explaining clinical cases & its relation to disease process

2.                                 Cardiovascular system:

Technique for measuring blood pressure

3.                                 Clinical cases

Heart failure, congenital heart diseases, myocardial infarction

4.                                 Clinical cases

Rheumatic heart, Atherosclerosis, aneurysm, varicose vein

5.                                 Clinical cases

Respiratory system Upper respiratory airways Lower respiratory airways.

6.                                 Clinical presentation

7.                                 Digestive system (GIT).

8.                                 Digestive system (liver & jaundice

9.                                 Renal disease Clinical cases

10.                               Endocrine diseases Clinical cases

11.                               Clinical presentations

12.                               Clinical presentation

13.                            REVISION

 

14.                            FINAL PRACTICAL EXAM 

Assessments:

 

First Mid Term Examination:          20       

Second Mid Term Examination:    20

Final Practical Examination:          20

Final Theoretical Examination:     40

 

 

References:

 

1.    Carol Mattson and Porth, Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, J.B. Lippoincott Company, NY, London.

           

2.    Sylvia A. Price and Lorrain M. Wilson, Pathophysiology: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes, Mosby; 6 edition (October 15, 2002).

 


Department              :           Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Course Number      :           CLS 422

Course Title             :           Cytopathology

Credit Hours            :           1 + 1 = 2

 

 

Course Description:

This course will provide the student with the basic knowledge of the theory and practical aspect in the diagnosis of tumour cells and non-malignant conditions. This can be achieved by microscopic examination of smears prepared from exfoliated cells or fine needle aspirated material. The course will enable the student to identify through the microscope, the normal and malignant cells by which malignant tumours can be diagnosed. The students also will be trained in the different technical methods applied in smears preparation and self precautives from contacting infections.

 

 

CLS 422:   Lectures Outline

 

Weeks                                               Subjects 

1,2.                            Introduction to cytology

           The anatomy & histology of the female genital tract

 

3.                               The normal constituents of Pap-smear

                                  The normal cytology of female genital tract and other

                                   cells of the body

 

3.                               Hormonal Cytology

 

4,5,6.                         Inflammation: Criteria and causes

                                  Diagnostic cytology of different inflammatory

                                  Smears

 

7.                               Premalignant and Malignant criteria

 

8.                               Diagnosis of malignancy in Pap smear  “cytology of

                                  malignant cells”

 

9.              Introduction to non-gynaecology cytology and the diagnosis

      of neoplastic and non- neoplastic cells from many parts of the body

 

10.             Sputum, bronchial wash and bronchial brush cytology

 

11.              Body fluids cytology “cytology of serous effusion”

 

12.                Fine needle aspiration cytology (general information)

 

13.                 Urine, oral and C.S.F cytology

 

 

 

CLS 422:   Laboratory Schedule

 

Weeks                                               Subjects

 

1.                                 Introduction to cytology laboratory work

 

2.                                 Screening histology and cytology slide of the normal

                                    cellular constituents of Pap smear

 

3.                                 Papanicoloau staining method and screening cytology

                                    Slides for normal cytology

 

4.                                 Practice screening of hormonal cytology

 

5.                                 Screening abnormal (inflammatory) cervical smears

                                    and identifying the causes of inflammation

 

6,7.                              Screening smears and identifying benign and

                                     malignant cells

 

8.                                 Smear preparation from sputum and non-

                                    gynaecological samples

 

9.                                 Screening smears for the identification of malignant

                                    cells in sputum, bronchial wash and bronchial brush

                                    smear

 

10.                               Screening body fluid smears for malignant cell

                                    Identification

 

11.                               Urine cytology, Oral cytology, C.S.F cytology

 

12.                               Final staining exam (specimen is taken from oral

                                    buccal cavity)

 

13.                               REVISION

 

14.                               FINAL PRACTICAL EXAM 

                                         

 

Assessments:

 

First Mid Term Examination:          15       

Second Mid Term Examination:    15

Laboratory Quizzes:                                    5

Mid Term Practical Examination:  5

Final Practical Examination:          20

Final Theoretical Examination:     40

 

References:

 

Chandra Grubb, Diagnostic Cytopathology, Churchill Livingstone, London &New York.

 

 
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