Dept: Biomedical Technology                        College: Applied Medical Sciences


1.      Program Title: Orthopedic Biomechanics and Rehabilitation


2.      Program code and number: BMT 438


3.      Faculty member responsible for the program: Dr. Mohamed Z. Bendjaballah


4.      Qualification required for faculty member: Ph.D. or M.Sc.


5.      No. of units/Credit hours: 2 hrs.


6.      level at which this course is offered: 8 (RHS students)


7.      Pre-requisites: BMT 228


8.      Co-requisites: NA


9.      General Goal of program:


·         Introduce students to some advanced concepts of biomechanics that deal specifically with musculoskeletal system.

·         Acquaint students with the force-motion relationships within the musculoskeletal system and the various techniques to understand them.

·         Help future physical therapist understand the mechanisms of bone fracture and passive structure rupture.

·         Explain the theoretical basis behind clinical test commonly used for the assessment of ligament integrity/disruption either partial or total.


10.  Short Description of the course: Bone composition and structure. Biomechanical behavior of bone. Fracture types and fixation. Bone remodeling and degenerative changes. Articular cartilage, composition and structure. Viscoelasticity; creep and stress relaxation responses in compression, permeability, lubrication and wear, hypothesis on biomechanics of cartilage degeneration. Composition and structure of tendons and ligaments. Mechanical behavior and properties. Physiologic loading of tendons and ligaments. Clinical tests. Correlation between abnormal laxities in ligaments and osteoarthritis. Ligament and tendon injury mechanisms. Viscoelastic behavior. Composition and structure of skeletal muscle. The motor unit and musculotendinous unit. Mechanics of muscle contraction; summation and tetanic contraction. Types of muscle contraction; concentric, eccentric, isometric, isokinetic, isoinertial miuscle contractions.


11.  Topics to be covered


# weeks




Purpose of the skeletal system, bone composition and structure. Biomechanical behavior of bone, properties, geometry, loading, rate and frequency of loading. Bone remodeling and degenerative changes.





Biomechanical behavior of articular cartilage, viscoelasticity, creep and stress relaxation, permeability, lubrication and wear of articular cartilage.





Ligament and tendon: Composition and structure. Biomechanical properties and behavior. Physiologic loading and injury mechanisms. Viscoelasticity, creep and stress relaxation, application of creep relaxation, treatment of common deformities taking advantage of passive structure creep response.





Composition and structure of muscles, the motor unit and musculotendinous unit. Mechanics of muscle contraction, summation effect and titanic muscle contraction. Types of muscle contraction; concentric, eccentric, isometric, isoinertial and isokinetic muscle contractions.






12.  Teaching Strategies, program Outcomes, and methods of Assessment:



Cognitive Skills

Interpersonal Skills and Responsibility

Analytic and Comm.

Teaching Strategies





program Outcomes





methods of Assessment








13.  Teaching Sources:

a)      Books or notes: Instructor Notes and Handouts

b)      Extra references: Basic Biomechanics of the Musculokeletal System

            M. Nordin and V. Frankel, Lippincott & Wilkins, 2001,

            A primer of Orthopaedic Biomechanics, G. Coochran and C. Livingstone, 1982.

c)      Electronic sources: NA

d)     Teaching aids: NA


Date of approval of program specification

Date of major program review