Eur J Clin Invest.
1997 Mar;27(3):212-8. Links
Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity in normocholesterolaemic and hypercholesterolaemic roosters: modulation by lipid apheresis
Department of Medicine, University of Queensland, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Australia.
Lipid apheresis, a recently described procedure for the elimination of lipid but not apolipoproteins from plasma, was applied to normocholesterolaemic and hypercholesterolaemic roosters. Lipid apheresis resulted in an immediate reduction in plasma unesterified cholesterol concentration, which was sustained for 150 min. The reduction in unesterified cholesterol concentration was higher in the normocholesterolaemic animals than in the hypercholesterolaemic animals. Lipid apheresis induced changes in the ratio of plasma unesterified to total cholesterol in normocholesterolamic animals but not in hypercholesterolaemic animals. In hypercholesterolaemic animals, lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity was not affected by lipid apheresis, whereas in normocholesterolaemic animals LCAT activity was acutely reduced for 150 min after lipid apheresis. Saturated LCAT kinetics occurred in the hypercholesterolaemic animals but not in the normocholesterolaemic animals. LCAT obeyed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. After lipid apheresis, there was a pool of unesterified cholesterol that was available as substrate for LCAT to a greater extent in hypercholesterolaemic animals than in normocholesterolaemic animals. These observations may have important implications for lipid apheresis as a treatment for atherosclerosis.