Date of Birth October 15,1937
Place of Birth Vaniyambadi, North Arcot
District Tamilnadu , India.
Marital Status Married with one child.
Professional status Associate Professor,
Department of Prosthodontics.
Qualifications B.D.S. (10/ 12/1960),
Madras Dental College,
University of Madras
Government Dental Collage,
University of Mumbay. India.
Research Interest Prosthodontics
Permanent Address Q- 58, No., Street No.16,
Present Address King Saud University, College of
Dentistry, Department of Prosthetic
Dental Sciences, PO Box 60169,
Riyadh. 11545. kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Academic Posts and responsibilities
2008 - Present Professor
1998 – 2008 Associate professor
Department of Prosthetic Dental
Sciences, College of Dentistry,
King Saud University, Riyadh,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1989- 1998 Assistant professor,
Department of Prosthetic Dental
Sciences, College of Dentistry,
King Saud University, Riyadh,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1989 - 1973 Associate professor,Prosthodontics
Madras Dental College.
University of Madras,Tamilnadu. India.
1965- 1973 Assistant Reader in Dental Surgery,
Madras Dental College. University of
1962-1965 Post Graduate studies Dental College,
University of Mumbuy, India.
1961-1962 Demonstrator, Madras Dental College,
University of Madras, Tamilnadu, India.
Title of M.D.S. Thesis:
"A Study of Human Saliva Concerning Some of the Physical Factors Related to Retention of Complete Dentures."
1. Construction and evaluation of complete dentures based on functionally generated path. Supported be Grant. Indian Council of Medical Research, 1971.
2. An analysis of orientation of occlusal plane in relation to facial types for the construction of complete dentures. Supported by Grant, Indian Council of Medical Research, 1973.
3. Role of free way space of complete dentures in masticatory Performance. Supported by Grant Tamilnadu State Research Committee, 1976.
Scientific Papers Read in International
· Surface detail, compressive strength and dimensional accuracy of gypsum casts after repeated immersion in hypochlorite solution. Saudi Arabian Dental Society Meeting, 10-13th January, 2005.
· Effect of disinfection of acrylic resin custom tray on the bond strength for polyvinyl siloxane impression adhesive system. Annual meeting of Saudi Arabian Dental Society and IADR Saudi Arabian Section, 5-7 February, 2002.
· The inner canthal distance and geometric progression as a predictor for maxillary central incisor width. 11th Saudi International Dental Meeting 28th February to 2nd March 2000.
· The effect of frequency and amplitude of vibration on void formation in dies poured from polyvinyl siloxane impressions.10th Saudi International Dental Meeting , 998.
· Importance of inner canthal distance in Prosthodontics-Table Clinic, 10th Saudi International Meeting, 1998.
· Acceptability of lateral Occlusal records by Hanau Modular articulator, 8th, Saudi International Dental Meeting, 1994.
· Oral stereognosis : A clinical aid in evaluating neuromuscular coordination of edentulous patients. 7th Saudi International Meeting 27 to 30 January 1992.
· comparative study of face-bow transfer of Hanau and Whip Mix articulators, 7thSaudi International Meeting, 1992.
Supervised Graduate Thesis
1. Dimensional accuracy and stability of putty-wash and monophase addition silicone impression technique: A comparative study, 2004, by Dr. M Al Rashed , College of Dentistry. King Saud University, Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
2. Effect of surfactant and physical properties of casts poured Polyvinyl siloxane impression , 2000, by Dr. G Hawaldar,College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.
3. A comparison of dimensional accuracy of the splinted and unsplinted impression techniques for multiple implant abutments, 2007, by Dr. Amal S Al Qahtani. College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Examiner for Thesis
1. Coverage error of two shades guides relative to Saudi Population, 2007, by Dr. Huda I Tubbah, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
2. The fit of Titanium , Cobalt – Chromium and acrylic denture Base on different palatal vault, 2001, by Dr. M S. Gani, College Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
3. An orthodontic study of tooth size ratio and arch dimension in Saudi sample with normal occlusion, 2000, by Dr. T S Al –Tamimi, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Reviewed Articles for Journals
1. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, England.
2. Saudi Dental Journal, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
3. India Journal of Dental Research, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.
1. Course director for undergraduate courses No., SDS.211 (Preclinical Removable Prosthodontics).
2. Course director for undergraduate course No. 321. ( Clinical Removable Prosthodontics ).
3. Course director for Dental Technology Program No. DLT 242, (Removable Partial Dental Technology).
4. Course director for Dental Technology Program No.DLT.261 (Maxillofacial Prosthodontic Technology).
5. Course director for postgraduate prosthodontic seminars, courses No. SDS 513 and SDS 521.
6. Coordinator for Postgraduate prosthodontic clinics (course No.535)
7. Course director for postgraduate prosthodontic laboratory (Course No 514).
SDS 211 Preclinical Removable Prosthodontics Course Outline
6 credit hours:
2 credit hours: Didactic 1 hour lecture weekly for 2 semesters.
4 credit hours: Practical, 6 hours weekly for 2 semesters.
Sequence: SDS 211 is a one year course during the second year. It is an introductory course to removable Prosthodontics and is pre-clinical.
This course is the first course in removable prosthodontics. It consists of didactic and practical components that cover both complete and removable partial dentures. The first half of the year is devoted for complete dentures, the second half for the removable partial denture. The practical component covers the technical aspect of construction of complete dentures in the first half of the year and the technical aspect of removable partial dentures construction in the second half of the year.
During the course various exercises that simulate the clinical treatment of the patient are also employed. The course in general is designed to prepare the student to understand the biological, mechanical and esthetic aspect of complete denture and partial denture treatment.
1. Continuous Assessment: 60%
a. Didactic (three assessments) 30%
b. Practical (five assessments) 30%
2. Final Examination 40%
a. Practical examination 10%
b. Final didactic examination 30%
1. Heartwell Jr. C M, Rahn AO. Text book of complete dentures.5th ed. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1992.
2. Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental Laboratory Procedures, Volume I & III, 2nd. St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1986.
3. McGivney G P, Carr AP, editors. McCracken’s Removable Partial Prosthodontics. 10th ed. St. Louis, the CV, Mosby Co. 2000.
Lecture Topics for complete dentures:
1. Introduction to prosthodontics.
2. Oral anatomy in relation to complete Denture prosthodontics.
3. Principles of complete denture prosthodontics.
4. Stock impression trays &construction of diagnostic casts.
5. Custom impression tray and construction of master cast.
6. Mandibular positions and jaw relations.
7. Record blocks and jaw relations.
8. Introduction to articulators.
9. Arrangement of anterior teeth.
10. Arrangement of posterior teeth.
11. Complete denture wax up and flasking procedures.
12. Deflasking and laboratory remount.
13. Selective grinding, finishing & polishing.
14. Denture repair.
Lectures topics for Removable partial dentures (RPD)
1. An introduction to removable partial dentures.
2. Components and functions of RPD.
3. Classification of partially edentulous arches
4. Surrveyor and surveying.
5. Abutment teeth preparation (part I. Posterior teeth).
6. abutment teeth preparation (Part II anterior teeth)
7. Direct retainers (suprabulge).
8. Infrabulge retainer
9. Indirect retainer.
10. Mandibular major connectors.
11. Maxillary major connectors
12. Denture bases and teeth.
13. Laboratory procedures of fabricating RPD.
SDS 321 Clinical Removable Prosthodontic – I
6 Credit hours
2 credit hour lectures : one hour lecture weekly for 2 semesters.
2 credit hour clinical : three hours weekly for 2 semesters .
2 credit hour practical : three hours weekly for 2 semesters
This is the first of three clinical courses in removable prosthodontics for graduation as a dentist. The student should pass the SDS 211 course as a pre-requist.
This course consists of didactic, clinical, and laboratory components, and consists of treating patients with conventional removable Prosthodontics. Syllabus include diagnosis, treatment planning. Treatment procedures and follow up of treatment. Lectures focus on concepts, principles, indications, limitations of different clinical procedures.
There are 30 clinical sessions in a year consisting of clinical procedures for patient examination, motivation, and instructions to use removable prosthesis,
During laboratory sessions (once a week) students will do all the laboratory procedures for removable partial denture (R.P.D) and complete dentures (C.D) fabrication with exception of metal framework and processing of acrylic resin denture base. These steps will be done by central laboratory.
1. Two partially edentulous arches.
2. Two completely edentulous arches.
Two laboratory examinations: 10%
1, Surveying, designing, and writing work authorization form for a RPD
2. Arrangement of teeth for C.D for Class III jaw relation.
Two clinical examinations: 10%
1. Final impression
2. Try- in of dentures.
Oral examination in the clinics: 20%
Half yearly written examination: 20%
Final written examination 20%
1. Heartwell Jr. C M, Rahn AO. Text book of complete dentures. 5th ed Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1992.
2. Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental laboratory procedures , Vol., I and III , 2nd . St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1986.
3. McGivney G P, Carr AP, editors. McCracken’s Removable Partial Prosthodontics. 10thed. St., Louis. The C V Mosby Co., 2000.
4.Stwart KL, Rudd KD, Kuebker WA. Clinical removable partial
prosthodontics, St. Luois, The CV Mosby Co.,1988.
1. Introduction to clinical and laboratory protocol.
2. Diagnosis and treatment planning for dentulous and edentulous patients –Part I.
3. Diagnosis and treatment planning of edentulous and edentulous patients – Part II.
4. Mouth preparation for removal partial denture.
5. Surgical and non- surgical preparation of the mouth for complete denture treatment.
6. Impression of partially edentulous patient.
7. Principles and objectives of impression making for complete dentures
8. Recording maxillo- mandibular relations for complete dentures.
9. The metal framework, try-in and dual impression.
10. Jaw relation record for RPD patient.
11. Selection of artificial anterior teeth- various methods and related anatomic factors (complete dentures ).
12. Selection and arrangement of posterior teeth - various method a Related anatomic factors (complete dentures).
13. Selection and arrangement of teeth for RPD- the denture base.
14. Retention and stability of complete dentures.
15. Philosophy of occlusion, occlusal concepts and occlusal schemes for complete dentures.
17. Arrangement of teeth for abnormal jaw relation, (Class II and III). 18. Principles of partial denture design.
19. Stress consideration in distal extension partial dentures.
20. Wax try-in of complete dentures.
21. Various techniques of establishing posterior palatal seal.
23. Complete denture placement and clinical remount procedures.
24. Post insertion problems and management of complete dentures.
25. RPD placement, counseling, complaints and adjustments.
26. Provisional removable partial dentures.
27. Immediate complete dentures (Pat I).
28. Immediate complete dentures, (Part II).
DLT 242 Removable Partial Prosthodontic Technology Course
Duration: one half year
Credit hours: 4 credit hours
Practical-3 credit hours
Level : Second level, (semester 2& 3 of 5) Pre-requisites: DLT 141 (Removable Complete Dentures)
It is designed to introduce the student to fabricate metal framework
and acrylic resin provisional dentures.
. The course consists of didactic and practical components. The didactic component will be delivered in 15 weekly lectures.
1. Three metal framework for Class I mandibular, Class III maxillary and Class IV maxillary.
2. Three waxed up frameworks
1. Mid term assessment 20%
A. Didactic 10%
B, Practical 10%
2. Laboratory technique 30%
3. Final assessment 50%
A. Final written 25%
B. Final practical 25%
Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental laboratory procedures Vol.
I and III, 2nd ed St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1998.
1. Introduction to removable partial dentures.
2. Components of removable partial dentures.
3. Surveying of partially endentulous casts.
4. Design principles of partial dentures of various Kennedy classifications.
5. Wax blockout- Duplication in Agar- agar material – Pouring of refractory cast.
6. Wax- up of RPD frameworks.
7. Spruing-Investing & casting of wax-up framework,
8. De- investing, de-spruing , finishing and polishing the metal framework.
9. Construction of attached tray- Altered cast technique.
10. Construction of record blocks on altered casts.
11. Arrangement of teeth .refining occlusion –wax-up on altered cast (Kennedy I).
12. Processing R.P .Ds.
13. Repair of removable partial dentures.
DLT 261 Maxillofacial Prosthodontics Technology Course Outline
Duration: Half year course
Credit hours: Three
Didactic 1 credit hour
Practical 2 credit hours
Level : Third level 2nd half (semester 5 of 5).
This course is designed to introduce the student the concept, indications and limitations of the subject matter; the technique used to fabricate models, appliances, and prosthesis. Also, to develop the required skills through progressive instructions and practice.
The didactic component will be delivered in 15 weekly lectures. The practical component will be delivered in 30 (2 weekly) sessions. It will provide the concept, indication and practice to progressively develop the shills and understanding required to fabricate models, appliances and prosthesis included in the requirements.
Immediate, interim and definitive obturators.
A correctly relocated mounted - pre-operative surgical cast.
A hollow box obturator and cast metal framework.
A facial prosthesis.
A. Continuous assessment
Laboratory performance 20%
B. Final assessment
Final didactic 20%
Final Practical Examination 20%
Reference: Chalian VA, Drane JB, Standish SM, Maxillofacial Prosthetics. Multi disciplinary Practical Baltimore. The Williams & Wilkins Co., 1971.
1. Introduction to maxillofacial technology.
2. Materials for fabrication of maxillofacial prosthesis.
3. Introduction to obturators, types of obturators, Immediate, Interim, and definitive obturators.
4. Pre-surgical impression technique for obturators.
5. Immediate obturator design, fabrication and use.
6. Interim and post surgical (definitive) obturator fabrication; definitive obturator design principles.
7. The Gunning splint.
8. Cast metal splint (Part I and Part II).
9. Cleft lip and palate rehabilitation.
10. Consideration for facial replacement: Auricular, nasal, orbital and occular prosthesis.
11. Mid facial composite prosthesis.
Postgraduate Dental Education Program
Name of the course: Removable Prosthodontics
Course No. SDS 513
Credit Hours: Two credit Hours
Position f the course: First year
Description of the course
(i).Complete denture prosthodontics.
This course will help the student to understand the current basic biological, mechanical concepts of rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Historical evaluation of techniques, occlusal philosophy, concepts of occlusal schemes related to denture therapy will be presented in the form of lectures and seminars.
Classical literature as a base of substantive discussion for concept in therapy and researched will be reviewed and discussed.
(ii) Removable partial denture prosthodontics
This course will provide the student to compare the current basic biomedical principles and concepts in the treatment of partially edentulous patients. Current concepts in treatment planning design, indication of direct retainers and indirect retainers, various types of major connectors, rotational path concepts, semi-precision attachments. Retained tooth and tissue
borne prosthesis with emphasis on preservation of remaining structures will be covered. Classical literature as a base of substantive discussion for concepts in therapy and researched will be reviewed and discussed.
The concept and biomechanical principles of rotational path of insertion for tooth partial denture will be discussed. Emphasis will be given to the indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of rotational path partial denture treatment.
Attachment partial denture prosthodontics:
The historical background on the attachments will be covered. This course will explain the basic principles of attachments and analyze their advantages, disadvantages, indications and contraindications. The concept of stress breaking will be examined, and some of the disadvantages of these devices will be pointed out. The intraoral and extraoral combination and auxiliary as cross arch units will be discussed. The classical literature will be reviewed.
This course will provide the student to develop of the retention of teeth and analyze their advantages, disadvantages, indications, contraindications, and to enunciate the importance of the role of overdentures for congenital and acquired defects. The current concepts of various types of overdentures including immediate, remote, use of attachments and crown and sleeve coping prosthesis will be studied. A classical literature and therapy modalities will be discussed.
Immediate complete and partial dentures
This course is intended for the student to comprehend the factors involved for the patients for where immediate complete dentures are contemplated, and to provide the principles of diagnostic procedures, indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages and predictions as to the course and outcome of the treatment plan. This course will be conducted in the form of lectures and seminars.
Immediate partial denture treatment planning, its indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages will be discussed. To other functions such as space maintenance, reestablishment of occlusal relation ship, conditioning teeth and residual ridges and conditioning the patient for wearing the prosthesis will be presented to the student.
Method of teaching the course
The course will be conducted in the form of lectures and seminars. The student will be provided the list of lecture topic and seminar topics.
Distribution of grades
Continuous assessment 40%
Mid-term written examination 20%
Final written examination 40%
McGiveney GP, Castelberry DJ, McCraken Removable Partial Prosthodontics,10th ed. St. Louis, the CV Mosby Co.
Hiekey JC, Zarb GA, Bolender CL, Boucher’s Prosthodontic Treatment for edentulous Patients, 10th ed., St. Louis, The CV Mosby Co,
Heartwell Jr.C M, Rahn AO.Text book of complete dentures. 5th ed Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1992.
Postgraduate Dental Education Program
Name of course Current literature in Prosthodontics
Course No SDS 521
Credit hours two
Position of course 2nd year
Description of course
(a).This course will be conducted as seminars.
(b) During each session, the student will prepare and verbally present for review one or two literature article selected by the course director.
(c). Journal articles selected for review by the student, generally, will not be more than 12 months old.
(d). Older articles may be selected for review by the course director if they are, considered classic articles, closely related to the current review of literature, and not previously covered by other graduate courses (not ,more than 10% of the current literature articles).
(e).The maximum possible number of faculty members will be invited to attend, with emphasis on those with experience on the specific literature being discussed.
Method of teaching
(a).The course will be taught by the seminars.
(b).Students are expected to read assigned articles before each seminar session and to verbally discuss them.
(c). At the end of the course, the course director will critique the student’ presentation.
Distribution of grades
(a).Oral assessment each session 60%
(b).Written take home final examination 40%
International journal of prosthodontics
Journal of prosthodontics
Journal of prosthetic dentistry
Journal of oral rehabilitation
Journal of orofacial pain
Journal of implantology
Current classic articles from other journals (10 % of the total articles).