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تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة

  Curriculum vitae

Nationality                                  Indian

Date of Birth                           October 15,1937

 Place of Birth                         Vaniyambadi, North Arcot

                                               District Tamilnadu , India.

 Marital Status                        Married with one child.

 Professional status                 Associate  Professor,

                                           Department of Prosthodontics.

Qualifications                        B.D.S. (10/ 12/1960),

                                           Madras  Dental  College,

                                                University of Madras

                                             Tamilnadu, India.

                                           M.D.S. (23/11/1965)

                                               Government Dental Collage,

                                              University of Mumbay. India.

 Research Interest                 Prosthodontics

 Permanent Address             Q- 58, No., Street No.16,


                                    Chennai, Tamilnadu.India,600040.

 Present Address              King  Saud University, College of

                                     Dentistry, Department of Prosthetic

                                      Dental  Sciences, PO Box 60169,

                                      Riyadh. 11545. kingdom  of Saudi                                                       Arabia.

  Academic Posts and responsibilities

2008 - Present                                 Professor

 1998 – 2008                                     Associate professor

Department of  Prosthetic Dental

Sciences, College of Dentistry,

King Saud University, Riyadh,

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

 1989- 1998               Assistant professor,

                                   Department of Prosthetic Dental

                                   Sciences, College of Dentistry,

                                   King Saud University, Riyadh,

                                   Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1989 - 1973               Associate professor,Prosthodontics

                                  Madras Dental College.

                                University of Madras,Tamilnadu. India.

1965- 1973              Assistant Reader in Dental Surgery,

                                Madras Dental College. University of

                                Madras,Tamilnadu. India.

1962-1965            Post Graduate studies Dental College,

                             University of Mumbuy, India.

1961-1962           Demonstrator, Madras Dental College,

                            University of Madras, Tamilnadu, India.

 Title of M.D.S. Thesis:

"A Study of Human Saliva Concerning Some of the Physical Factors Related to Retention of Complete Dentures."           

 Research monograph

1.     Construction and evaluation of complete dentures based on      functionally generated path. Supported be Grant. Indian Council of Medical Research, 1971.                                             

2.     An analysis of orientation of occlusal plane in relation to facial types for the construction of complete dentures. Supported by Grant, Indian Council of Medical Research, 1973.

3.     Role of free way space of complete dentures in masticatory Performance. Supported by Grant Tamilnadu State Research Committee, 1976.

Scientific Papers Read in International


·       Surface detail, compressive strength and dimensional accuracy of gypsum casts after repeated immersion in hypochlorite solution. Saudi Arabian Dental Society Meeting, 10-13th  January, 2005.

·       Effect of disinfection of acrylic resin custom tray on the bond strength for polyvinyl siloxane impression adhesive system. Annual meeting of Saudi Arabian Dental Society and IADR Saudi Arabian Section, 5-7 February, 2002.

·       The inner canthal distance  and geometric progression as a predictor for maxillary central incisor width. 11th Saudi International  Dental Meeting 28th February to 2nd March 2000.

·       The effect of frequency and amplitude of vibration on void      formation in dies poured from polyvinyl siloxane impressions.10th Saudi International Dental  Meeting , 998.

·       Importance of inner canthal distance in Prosthodontics-Table Clinic, 10th  Saudi International Meeting, 1998.

·       Acceptability of lateral Occlusal records by Hanau Modular articulator, 8th, Saudi International Dental  Meeting, 1994.

·       Oral stereognosis : A clinical aid in evaluating neuromuscular coordination of edentulous patients. 7th Saudi International Meeting 27 to 30 January 1992.

·       comparative study of face-bow transfer of Hanau and Whip Mix articulators, 7thSaudi International Meeting, 1992.

Supervised Graduate Thesis

 1.     Dimensional accuracy and stability of putty-wash and        monophase addition silicone impression technique: A comparative study, 2004,  by Dr. M  Al Rashed , College of Dentistry.  King Saud University, Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

2.     Effect of surfactant and physical properties of casts poured Polyvinyl  siloxane impression , 2000, by Dr. G Hawaldar,College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia.

3.     A comparison of dimensional accuracy of the splinted and unsplinted  impression techniques for multiple implant    abutments, 2007, by Dr. Amal S Al Qahtani. College of   Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 Examiner for Thesis

 1.     Coverage error of two shades guides relative to Saudi Population, 2007, by Dr. Huda I  Tubbah, College of  Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

2.     The fit of Titanium , Cobalt – Chromium and acrylic denture Base on different palatal vault, 2001, by Dr. M S. Gani, College Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

3.     An orthodontic study of tooth size ratio and arch dimension in Saudi  sample with normal occlusion, 2000, by Dr. T S Al –Tamimi, College of Dentistry, Riyadh,  Saudi  Arabia.

Reviewed Articles for Journals

1.     Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, England.

2.     Saudi Dental Journal, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

3.     India Journal of Dental Research, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

 Academic Activity

1.     Course director for undergraduate courses No., SDS.211 (Preclinical Removable Prosthodontics).

2.     Course director for undergraduate course No. 321. ( Clinical  Removable  Prosthodontics ).

3.     Course director for Dental Technology Program No. DLT 242, (Removable Partial Dental Technology).

4.     Course director for Dental Technology Program No.DLT.261 (Maxillofacial Prosthodontic Technology).

5.     Course director for postgraduate prosthodontic seminars, courses No. SDS 513 and SDS 521.

6.     Coordinator for Postgraduate prosthodontic clinics (course No.535)

7.     Course director for postgraduate prosthodontic laboratory (Course No 514).

 SDS 211 Preclinical Removable Prosthodontics Course Outline

Credit Hours:

        6 credit hours:

          2 credit hours: Didactic 1 hour lecture weekly for 2 semesters.

          4 credit hours: Practical, 6 hours weekly for 2 semesters.

Sequence:  SDS 211 is a one year course during the second year. It is an introductory course to removable Prosthodontics and is pre-clinical.

Course Description:

          This course is the first course in removable prosthodontics. It consists of didactic and practical components that cover both complete and removable partial dentures. The first half of the year is devoted for complete dentures, the second half for the removable partial denture. The practical component covers the technical aspect of construction of complete dentures in the first half of the year and the technical aspect of removable partial dentures construction in the second half of the year.

          During the course various exercises that simulate the clinical treatment of the patient are also employed. The course in general is designed to prepare the student to understand the biological, mechanical and esthetic aspect of complete denture and partial denture treatment.


1. Continuous Assessment:                             60%

        a. Didactic (three assessments)               30%

        b. Practical (five assessments)                 30%

 2. Final Examination                                      40%

        a.  Practical examination                          10%

        b.  Final didactic examination                    30%


 1.     Heartwell Jr. C M, Rahn AO. Text book of complete dentures.5th ed. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1992.

2.     Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental Laboratory Procedures, Volume   I & III, 2nd. St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1986.

3.     McGivney G P, Carr AP, editors. McCracken’s Removable Partial Prosthodontics. 10th ed. St. Louis, the CV, Mosby Co. 2000.

Lecture Topics for complete dentures:

1.     Introduction to prosthodontics.

2.     Oral anatomy in relation to complete Denture prosthodontics.

3.     Principles of complete denture prosthodontics.

4.     Stock impression trays &construction of diagnostic casts.

5.     Custom impression tray and construction of master cast.

6.     Mandibular positions and jaw relations.

7.     Record blocks and jaw relations.

8.     Introduction to articulators.

9.     Arrangement of anterior teeth.

10.            Arrangement of posterior teeth.

11.            Complete denture wax up and flasking procedures.

12.            Deflasking and laboratory remount.

13.            Selective grinding, finishing & polishing.

14.            Denture repair.

 Lectures topics for Removable partial dentures (RPD)

1.     An introduction to removable partial dentures.

2.     Components and functions of RPD.

3.     Classification of partially edentulous arches

4.     Surrveyor and surveying.

5.     Abutment teeth preparation (part I. Posterior teeth).

6.     abutment teeth preparation   (Part II anterior teeth)

7.     Direct retainers (suprabulge).

8.     Infrabulge retainer

9.     Indirect retainer.

10.            Mandibular major connectors.

11.            Maxillary major connectors

12.            Denture bases and teeth.

13.            Laboratory procedures of fabricating RPD.

14.            Review.

        SDS 321 Clinical Removable Prosthodontic – I

Course Outline

Credit Hours

          6 Credit hours

          2 credit hour lectures     : one hour lecture weekly for  2 semesters.

               2 credit hour clinical       : three hours weekly for 2   semesters .

               2 credit  hour practical    : three hours weekly for 2 semesters


        This is the first of three clinical courses in removable prosthodontics for graduation as a dentist. The student should pass the SDS 211 course as a pre-requist.

Course description

        This course consists of didactic, clinical, and laboratory components, and consists of treating patients with conventional removable Prosthodontics. Syllabus include diagnosis, treatment planning. Treatment procedures and follow up of treatment. Lectures focus on concepts, principles, indications, limitations of different clinical procedures.

          There are 30 clinical sessions in a year consisting of clinical procedures for patient examination, motivation, and instructions to use removable prosthesis,

          During laboratory sessions (once a week) students will do all the laboratory procedures for removable partial denture (R.P.D) and complete dentures (C.D) fabrication with exception of metal framework and processing of acrylic resin denture base. These steps will be done by central laboratory.


          1. Two partially edentulous arches.

          2. Two completely edentulous arches.



           Two laboratory examinations:         10%

           1, Surveying, designing, and writing work authorization form for a       RPD 

          2. Arrangement of teeth for C.D for Class III jaw relation.

           Two clinical examinations:              10%

          1. Final impression 

          2. Try- in of dentures.

           Oral examination in the clinics:       20%

          Half yearly written examination:  20%

           Final written examination           20%


1. Heartwell Jr. C M, Rahn AO. Text book of complete dentures. 5th  ed Philadelphia,  Lea & Febiger, 1992.

2. Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental laboratory procedures ,  Vol., I and  III , 2nd . St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1986.

3. McGivney G P, Carr AP, editors. McCracken’s Removable Partial Prosthodontics. 10thed. St., Louis.  The C V Mosby Co., 2000.

4.Stwart KL, Rudd KD, Kuebker WA. Clinical removable partial

      prosthodontics, St. Luois, The  CV  Mosby Co.,1988.

 Lecture Topics

1.     Introduction to clinical and laboratory protocol.

2.     Diagnosis and treatment planning for dentulous and edentulous patients –Part I.

3.     Diagnosis and treatment planning of edentulous and edentulous patients – Part II.

4.     Mouth preparation for removal partial denture.

5.     Surgical and non- surgical preparation of the mouth for complete denture treatment.

6.     Impression of partially edentulous patient.

7.     Principles and objectives of impression making for complete dentures

8.     Recording maxillo- mandibular relations for complete dentures.

9.     The metal framework, try-in and dual impression.

10. Jaw relation record for RPD patient.

11. Selection of artificial anterior teeth- various methods and related anatomic factors (complete dentures ).

12. Selection and arrangement of posterior teeth - various method a Related anatomic factors (complete dentures).

13. Selection and arrangement of teeth for RPD- the denture base.

14. Retention and stability of complete dentures.

15. Philosophy of occlusion, occlusal concepts and occlusal schemes for complete dentures.

17. Arrangement of teeth for abnormal jaw relation, (Class II and III). 18. Principles of partial denture design.

19. Stress consideration in distal extension partial dentures.

20. Wax try-in of complete dentures.

21. Various techniques of establishing posterior palatal seal.

23. Complete denture placement and clinical remount procedures.

24. Post insertion problems and management of complete dentures.

25. RPD placement, counseling, complaints and adjustments.

26. Provisional removable partial dentures.

27. Immediate complete dentures (Pat I).

28. Immediate complete dentures, (Part II).

DLT 242 Removable Partial Prosthodontic Technology Course     

 Duration:             one half year

Credit hours:       4 credit hours

                             Didactic-1credit hour

                             Practical-3 credit hours

Level :                  Second   level, (semester 2& 3 of 5)                       Pre-requisites:        DLT 141 (Removable Complete Dentures)

Course Description                                            

          It is designed to introduce the student to fabricate metal framework

and  acrylic resin provisional dentures.

. The course consists of didactic and practical components. The didactic component will be delivered in 15 weekly lectures.


          1. Three metal framework for Class I mandibular, Class III maxillary    and Class IV maxillary.

          2. Three waxed up frameworks

 Grade Distribution:

1. Mid term assessment             20%

          A. Didactic                     10%

          B, Practical                     10%

2. Laboratory technique            30%

3. Final assessment                   50%

          A. Final written                25%

          B. Final practical             25%

Total                                        100%


 Rhoad JE, Rudd KD, Morrow RM. Dental laboratory procedures  Vol.

I and III, 2nd  ed  St. Louis: CV Mosby Co., 1998.

 Lecture Topics

1.     Introduction to removable partial dentures.

2.     Components of removable partial dentures.

3.     Surveying of partially endentulous casts.

4.     Design principles of partial dentures of various Kennedy  classifications.

5.     Wax blockout- Duplication in  Agar- agar material – Pouring of refractory cast.

6.     Wax- up of RPD frameworks.

7.     Spruing-Investing & casting of wax-up framework,

8.     De- investing, de-spruing , finishing and polishing the metal framework.

9.     Construction of attached tray- Altered cast technique.

10. Construction of record blocks on altered casts.

11. Arrangement of teeth .refining occlusion –wax-up on altered cast (Kennedy I).

12. Processing R.P .Ds.

13. Repair of removable partial dentures.

DLT 261 Maxillofacial Prosthodontics Technology Course Outline

Duration:                       Half year course

 Credit hours:                 Three 

          Didactic                1 credit hour

          Practical                2 credit hours

Level :                            Third level 2nd half (semester 5 of 5).

Course Description:

          This course is designed to introduce the student the concept, indications and limitations of the subject matter; the technique used to fabricate models, appliances, and prosthesis. Also, to develop the required skills through progressive instructions and practice.

          The didactic component will be delivered in 15 weekly lectures. The practical component will be delivered in 30 (2 weekly) sessions. It will provide the concept, indication and practice to progressively develop the shills and understanding required to fabricate models, appliances and prosthesis included in the requirements.


    Immediate, interim and definitive obturators.

A correctly relocated mounted - pre-operative surgical cast.

A hollow box obturator and cast metal framework.

A  facial  prosthesis.


A. Continuous assessment

Didactic1                                  20%

Practical                                   20%

Laboratory performance            20%

B. Final assessment

Final didactic                            20%

Final Practical Examination        20%


Reference: Chalian VA, Drane JB, Standish SM, Maxillofacial Prosthetics. Multi disciplinary Practical Baltimore. The Williams & Wilkins Co., 1971.


 1. Introduction to maxillofacial technology.

2. Materials for fabrication of maxillofacial prosthesis.

3. Introduction to obturators, types of obturators, Immediate, Interim, and              definitive obturators.

4. Pre-surgical impression technique for obturators.

5. Immediate obturator design, fabrication and use.

6. Interim and post surgical (definitive) obturator fabrication; definitive obturator design principles.

7. The Gunning splint.

8. Cast metal splint (Part I and Part II).

9. Cleft lip and palate rehabilitation.

10. Consideration for facial replacement: Auricular, nasal, orbital and occular prosthesis.

11. Mid facial composite prosthesis.

 Postgraduate Dental Education Program

 Name of the course:        Removable Prosthodontics

Course No.                     SDS 513

Credit Hours:                  Two credit Hours

Position f the course:       First year

Description of the course

                (i).Complete denture prosthodontics.


This course will help the student to understand the current basic biological, mechanical concepts of rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Historical evaluation of techniques, occlusal philosophy, concepts of occlusal schemes related to denture therapy will be presented in the form of lectures and seminars.

Classical literature as a base of substantive discussion for concept in therapy and researched will be reviewed and discussed.

 (ii) Removable partial denture prosthodontics

 This course will provide the student to compare the current basic biomedical principles and concepts in the treatment of partially edentulous patients. Current concepts in treatment planning design, indication of direct retainers and indirect   retainers, various types of major connectors, rotational path concepts, semi-precision attachments. Retained tooth and tissue

borne prosthesis with emphasis on preservation of remaining structures will be covered. Classical literature as a base of substantive discussion for concepts in therapy and researched will be reviewed and discussed.

The concept and biomechanical principles of rotational path of insertion for tooth partial denture will be discussed. Emphasis will be given to the indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of rotational path partial denture treatment.

 Attachment partial denture prosthodontics:

 The historical background on the attachments will be covered. This course will explain the basic principles of attachments and analyze their advantages, disadvantages, indications and contraindications. The concept of stress breaking will be examined, and some of the disadvantages of these devices will be pointed out. The intraoral and extraoral combination and auxiliary as cross arch units will be discussed. The classical literature will be reviewed.


 This course will provide the student to develop of the retention of teeth and analyze their advantages, disadvantages, indications, contraindications, and to enunciate the importance of the role of overdentures for congenital and acquired defects. The current concepts of various types of overdentures including immediate, remote, use of attachments and crown and sleeve coping prosthesis will be studied. A classical literature and therapy modalities will be discussed.

 Immediate complete and partial dentures

 This course is intended for the student to comprehend the factors involved for the patients for where immediate complete dentures are contemplated, and to provide the principles of diagnostic procedures, indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages and predictions as to the course and outcome of the treatment plan. This course will be conducted in the form of lectures and seminars.

Immediate partial denture treatment planning, its indication, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages will be discussed. To other functions such as space maintenance, reestablishment of occlusal relation ship, conditioning teeth and residual ridges and conditioning the patient for wearing the prosthesis will be presented to the student.

 Method of teaching the course

  The course will be conducted in the form of lectures and seminars. The student will be provided the list of lecture topic and seminar topics.

Distribution of grades

Continuous assessment                  40%

Mid-term written examination         20%

Final written examination                40%


McGiveney GP, Castelberry DJ, McCraken Removable Partial Prosthodontics,10th ed. St. Louis, the CV Mosby Co.

Hiekey JC, Zarb GA, Bolender CL, Boucher’s Prosthodontic Treatment for edentulous Patients, 10th ed., St. Louis, The CV Mosby Co,

Heartwell Jr.C M, Rahn AO.Text book of complete                                  dentures. 5th  ed   Philadelphia,  Lea & Febiger, 1992.

Postgraduate Dental Education Program

 Name of course                        Current literature in Prosthodontics

Course No                                SDS 521

Credit hours                             two

Position of course                     2nd year

 Description of course

(a).This course will be conducted as seminars.

(b) During each session, the student will prepare and verbally present for review one or two literature article selected by the course director.

(c). Journal articles selected for review by the student, generally, will not be more than 12 months old.

(d). Older articles may be selected for review by the course director if they are, considered classic articles, closely related to the current review of literature, and not previously covered by other graduate courses (not ,more than 10% of the current literature articles).

(e).The maximum possible number of faculty members will be invited to attend, with emphasis on those with experience on the specific literature being discussed.

Method of teaching

(a).The course will be taught by the seminars.

(b).Students are expected to read assigned articles before each seminar session and to verbally discuss them.

(c). At the end of the course, the course director will critique the student’ presentation.

Distribution of grades

(a).Oral assessment each session                  60%

(b).Written take home final examination         40%


International journal of prosthodontics

Journal of prosthodontics

Journal of prosthetic dentistry

Journal of oral rehabilitation

Journal of orofacial pain

Journal of implantology

Current classic articles from other journals  (10 % of the total articles).

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