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M.Sc. Courses 

M.Sc. Program in Zoology


Zoo 500

Experimental Design in Zoology                   2 (1+1)


To furnish the graduate student with an ides about experimental design and with the most suitable techniques of data analysis.


Animal surveys and censuses, concepts of experimental animal sampling, animal experimental population, random sampling techniques, use of random numbers for  sampling animal experimental units, other sampling methods and the conditions under which they are used, advantages and disadvantages.  Methods of summarizing animal data, graphical representation of data, estimation.  Regression, correlation, contingency tables and the Chi-Square, analysis of variance, and experimental design. Growth and its estimation.


Zoo 570

Ecology and Pollution                                  2 (2+0)


To provide non-zoology graduate students with the basic concepts on terrestrial and aquatic animals ecology and pollution.


Introduction on the importance of ecology, ecology  and man, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, ecosystem components, biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem equilibrium, energy, food chains, trophic levels, energy flow in biosphere, species diversity, relationship between ecological factors and terrestrial and aquatic animals. Terrestrial and aquatic populations and communities, introduction to pollution, particles, gases, ozone, layer heavy metals, oil, radiations, noise and food pollution, pollutant side effects on animals, relationship between pollutant and ecological factors, method of pollution control, pollution in the G.C.C. states.


Zoo 571

Animal Ecology and Pollution                  2 (2+0)


To provide graduate students with basic concepts of ecology. Individuals and populations, terrestrial and aquatic communities' ecology, types of pollution and pollutants.


Introduction, ecology of individuals: organisms limiting factors, important abiotic factors, pollution Population Ecology; structure and diversity; Biomass system Population regulation, interspecific competition. Community and Ecosystem ecology: zoogeography.  Aquatic ecological zones and ecosystems in Saudi Arabia, ecological relationship between plankton and Nekton in marine, fresh water, and estuarine habitats.  Effects of ecological factors on aquatic animals and their media.  Aquatic community pollution. Productivity, methods and measurements and primary productivity. Pollution and pollutant. Ozone layer pollution, Heavy metals,  oxides, sewage and hydrocarbons pollution. Pesticides and physical pollution.


Zoo 573

Advanced Ecology (1)                                 3 (2+1)


To provide graduate students with basic concepts of population and community Ecology of both terrestrial and aquatic animals.


Characteristics of aquatic and terrestrial animal populations (fatality rate, mortality rate, density, age distribution).  Population growth, effect of abiotic factors on population growth (aquatic & terrestrial)  species intra- and inter-relationships. Population cycles, community changes, desert animal communities.


Zoo 574

Animal Zoogeography                              2 (2+0)


To provide graduate students with the basic concepts of animal distribution in the zoogeographical realms.


Patterns of life, continental drift, theory, the Zoobiogeographic subdivisions of the earth, center of species dispersal and diffusion, island Zoogeography.   population dispersion (random, regular and aggregation). Population distribution: (emigration, Immigration and migration). Aquatic Zoogeography of animal species in freshwater and marine ecosystems,   Bipolar animal species.


Zoo 576

Pollution Measurement Methods.               3 (1+2)


To study the methods of pollution measurement


Introduction, definition of the different pollution agents. Measurement methods, utilization of some living organisms for measurement of pollution percentage. Investigation of factors that may affect the accuracy of aids utilized in measurement of the pollution agents,   methods for measurement of water air and soil pollutants.  Determining the internationally accepted pollution percentages, some methods adopted for measurement of pollutants in Saudi Arabia and some Gulf states, the accepted pollution percentages in G.C.C. states.


Zoo 577

Pollution in Animals                                    3 (2+1)


To study the effects of pollutants on animals.


Introduction. Pollution glossary, pollution and food chains, the effects of pollution on animal physiology, the effects of pollution on animal distribution, selected studies on the effects of pollution on animals in Saudi Arabia and Gulf states.


Zoo 578

Geographical Distribution of Pollutants        2(1+1)


To study the geographical distribution of some pollutants and the factors controlling their distribution.


Introduction. Quantitative and qualitative distribution of pollutants, statistical methods in pollution distribution, the relationships between pollutant distribution, species diversity and equitability indices, pollution control with relation to geographical distribution.


Zoo 579

Selected Topics in Ecology and Pollution         2 (2+0)


To provide graduate students with recent research literature in ecology and pollution with special emphasis on topics related to the students future research project.


Selecte and discuss recent research literature in ecology and pollution.


Zoo 600

ِThesis                                                                           1 (0+1)



M.Sc. Program in Biodiversity


570 Bid

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

3 ( 3 + 0 )

            Biomes. Concept and importance of biodiversity in ecosystems. Geographical distribution of plants and animals. Arid regions: geography, characteristics, and its effect on biotic components. Biodiversity in deserts, ranges, and forests. Biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems.


572 Bid

Environment and Biodiversity

2 ( 2 + 0 )

            Relationship between environment and biodiversity. Ecological factors and their effect on the distribution and physiology of plants and animals: physical, chemical and biological factors. Pollution and biodiversity. Pollutants and its sources. Effect of pollution on plants and animals: air, water and soil pollution. Species extinctions. Use of plants and animals as pollution indicators. The impact of social developments and the implementation of International laws of environmental protection on biodiversity.


577 Bid

Biological Experimental Designs and Analysis

2 ( 1 + 1 )

            Surveys and censuses methodology. Fundamentals of experimental design, Fundamentals of experimental biodiversity sampling. Experimental population. Population growth and estimations. Methods of tabulation and graphical representation. Methods of choosing a statistical test. Tests for one, two and multiple variables. Methods of testing variations, regressions, and correlations. Computer applications and the use of Biodiversity programs.


583 Bid

Laws and Legislation of Environmental Protection

1 ( 1 + 0 )

Importance and effectiveness of legislation on environment protection. International legislation, regional, local and national legislation. International agreements and conventions controlling environmental protection and natural resources manipulation. International organizations for environment protection.


M.Sc. Program in Environmental Sciences

514 ENVS      Ecosystems and Biodiversity       2(2+0)

  Concept of ecosystem and its components. Types of ecosystems of the world. Levels of biodiversity (plants, Animals, Microbes … etc). Relationships between organisms and ecosystems. Biodiversity in deserts, rangelands, and forests. Biodiversity in hydro-ecosystems.


515 ENVS      Environmental Statistics             2(2+0)

   Introduction to general statistical tests and methodology. Sources and data collection methods. Determination methods of sampling size in environmental communities.  parametric and nonparametric tests. Spatial variability. Examples of environmental communities in Saudi Arabia.


531 ENVS         Computer Applications in Environmental Sciences     2(0+2)

  Computer Simulation of some pollution problems, Diffusion of gaseous and particulates in the air, Dispersion of thermal pollution in water, Biodiversity deterioration, Dispersion of oil pollutants in water, Movement of pollutants in seas and wadies, Movement of pollutants in soil and groundwater, Monitoring of pollutants in water networks, Using Arial photos in locating agricultural areas, Surface water, and groundwater.


532 ENVS      Environmental Evaluation         2(2+0)                     

  Concept of environmental evaluation, elements of environmental assessment, environmental parameters (water, air, soil, solid wastes, noise, radiation, etc.), Techniques for measuring health effects on human, benefit and cost analysis, environmental quality standards, Socioeconomic of environmental projects, Preparation of environmental impact assessments, Environmental protection laws in the Kingdom.


564 ENVS    Environmental Regulations and Policies               2(2+0)

  Legislation and laws organizing quality standards of environmental components, systemic disposal of toxic substances and hazardous materials, methods of agricultural quarantine, handling of pathogens and hazardous microorganisms,  national controllers of  environmental protection regulations in Saudi Arabia (regulations of grazing, hunting, forest, air and water pollution, …etc.) earth degradation  protection treaties


591 ENVS         Seminar   1(0+1)

  Term paper and group discussion in one of environmental fields under the supervision  of one of  the staff members .


599 ENVS         Research Project         4(0+4)

  Research project in one of environmental fields.


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