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Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


 

      

ABDALLA ABDELWAHID SAEED  (  SAEED A)

 

(( SCIENTIFIC WORK  PUBLISHED OR ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION  ))

1- Accepted for publication in East Mediterranean Health Journal Correlates of Ever Smoking Habit among Adolescents in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

 

Abdalla AM, Saeed AA, Abdulrahman B, Albagaa F, Reerink 1

                                                          ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the prevalence, and to identify  the correlates and possible determinants of  ever  smoking among students in Intermediate (grade 7- 9) and Secondary schools (grade 10-12) in Tabuk city, North Saudi Arabia.

DESIGN:

A random sample of schools in Tabuk city was obtained using a two-stage cluster .A total of 16 schools were selected (response rate 100%). Within the schools 48 classes were selected, targeting the grades 7 to 12. An anonymous, self administered questionnaire was filled in by all students present at the day of the survey with 96% response rate and total of 1505 participants

OUTCOME MEASURES:

 Ever smoking prevalence as related to smoking contacts ( family, peers, friends), sociodemographic and educational factors( gender, age, pocket money, school grade and school performance and attitudes towards smoking ) . Chi square test was used to study univariate correlates with smoking habit. Logistic regression was used to examine the possible determinants of ever smoking .

RESULTS:

Univariate analysis showed that ever smoking was significantly more prevalent in males, older students, senior grades, among poor school performing students, watching smoking promotion advertisements, who have positive attitudes towards smoking.  Multivariate logistic analysis showed that smoking friends, smoking parents were significant determinants of ever smoking among students. Pocket money and possessing objects with smoking Logos were significant determinants of ever smoking  among males only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ever smoking prevalence among students in Tabuk city is high particularly among males. Effective smoking prevention programmes should take into account the dominant influence of peers, parents and positive attitudes towards smoking

Keywords: students, adolescents; ever smoking prevalence; correlates , Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

2-Accepted for publication in        , Egypt 2008

Sociodemographic and feeding practices risk

factors for diarrhea in children under five years in

Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia .

1- Abdelrahman B, Saeed A, Fetoohi E, Alhamdan A, Alothman A, Bani I.

ABSTRCT

Objective:  To examine and analyze the sociodemogarphic and feeding practices predisposing and possible risk factors for diarrhea in children less than five years of age in Riyadh City.

 

Methods: The study setting is the Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh city. Mothers of children were interviewed for diarrheal episodes in their under five children during the preceding two weeks and their feeding habits. The mothers were Saudi registered in the selected PHCCs. Mothers were selected by systemic sampling and PHCCs selected by stratified random sampling.

Results: More than 20% of the children contracted diarrhea during the preceding two weeks of the study. Diarrhea was more common in children less than two years of age whose mothers were young, married at younger age, with low education level and housewife. Diarrhea was more common in those breast fed for shorter periods, weaned suddenly and those with late weaning. The risk of diarrhea as measured by odds ratio is significantly more in children less than one year of age, breast fed for less than six months, weaned at age more than 6 months, whose mothers have low education level, married at younger age and housewife.

Conclusion: Diarrhea is common in children less than five years in Riyadh city and intervention strategies to control diarrhea should target the children who are significantly more at risk of developing diarrhea.

3. Accepted for Publication in Middle East Medical Journal of Family Medicine

Abdulrahman B , Saeed  A Abdalla A. Effect of tobacco media messages on smoking habits among adolescents in Tabuk area, Saudi Arabia. Submitted to Journal of Health Promotion, UK

4.Saudi Med J. 2005 Jun;26(6):1030-2.Related Articles, Links

 

Consumer satisfaction with primary health care services in Hail City,

Saudi Arabia.

 

        Abdalla AM, Saeed AA, Magzoub M, Reerink 1

Department of Preventive Medicine, North West Armed Forces Hospital

        Programme, PO Box 100, Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (4)

        4411088 ext. 82442. E-mail: Abdallaali63@hotmail.com.

5. J R Soc Health. 2003 Jun;123(2):105-9.Related Articles, Links

Factors influencing patient choice of hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

al-Doghaither AH, Abdelrhman BM, Saeed AA, Magzoub ME.

College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 1029,

        Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia.

This study examined factors considered important in choosing a hospital.

        The sample consisted of 303 respondents selected from five randomly

        selected primary health care centres. The percentages of males, highly

        educated, high-income level, elder and private sector employees was

        higher in those choosing private sector hospitals, while marital status

        did not relate to type of hospital. The principal component analysis

        identified six factors accounting for 64% of the total variance. The

        most important component was 'medical services' accounting for 28% of

        the total variance. Stepwise discriminant analysis revealed that the

        main factors associated with choosing a hospital were medical services,

        accessibility, age, sex and education. Little importance was given to

        income and occupation. Future recommendations outline the need for

        consumers' perceptions, attitudes, suggestions and concerns to be taken

        into consideration when marketing the services to be provided.

 

6. Public Health Nutr. 2002 Dec;5(6):727-31.Related Articles,

            

Diarrhoea and child feeding practices in Saudi Arabia.

 

        Bani IA, Saeed AA, Othman AA.

 

        Department of Community Health Sciences, Applied Medical College, King

        Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. banii@un.org

 

        OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of

        diarrhoea in children less than two years old and study the relationship

        between diarrhoeal episodes and action taken for these episodes by their

        mothers. DESIGN: The prevalence of diarrhoeal episodes among children

        and its associations with sociodemographic information and

        anthropometric measurements of the subjects was examined. Predictive

        factors for morbidity-associated diarrhoeal disease and actions taken

        for this were explored. SETTING: Primary health care centres (PHCCs) in

        Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS: Children less than two years

        of age. RESULTS: Nearly a quarter of the children contracted diarrhoea

        during the two weeks preceding the data collection point, giving about

        six episodes of diarrhoea per child per year. Diarrhoea was more common

        in children over 6 months of age, in children who had no vaccination or

        follow-up cards, and in those who were taken care of by friends and

        neighbours if their mothers were working outside the home. The mothers

        of the affected children were young, married before 25 years of age with

        2-6 years of formal schooling. During diarrhoeal episodes, about 25% of

        mothers stopped or decreased breast-feeding, 11.3% reduced the volume of

        fluids given to their children, and 22.7% of children were fed less

        solid/semi-solid foods. Mothers used oral rehydration salt in more than

        40% of diarrhoeal episodes and unprescribed antibiotics were used in 17%

        of cases. The mothers who were not taking appropriate action included

        young mothers with low education level and those working outside the

        home. CONCLUSION: Diarrhoea is common in children less than two years

        old in Riyadh City, and intervention based in PHCCs needs to be

        undertaken to correct the faulty practices of mothers during diarrhoeal

        episodes in their children. Health education messages should emphasise

        feeding during diarrhoeal episodes.

 

7.Saudi Med J. 2002 Oct;23(10):1237-42.Related Articles, Links

        Patients' perspective on factors affecting utilization of primary health

        care centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

        Saeed AA, Mohamed BA.

 

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Kingdom of

        Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (1) 4355392/4355010. Ext. 504. Fax. +966 (1)

        4355883. E-mail: asaeed@ksu.edu.sa

 

        OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess factors which the patients

        think can encourage, discourage or have no effect on utilization of

        Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

        METHODS: Patients (n=540) attending the selected PHCCs in Riyadh were

        asked regarding their views on 21 (factors) items and whether they can

        encourage, discourage or has no effect on utilization of PHCCs services.

        Eight PHCCs were randomly selected according to the geographical

        location, 2 from each geographical zone. Seventy-five subjects were

        selected systematically, every 10th Saudi aged 15 years and above who

        visited the selected PHCCs during a one-month period (September 1998).

        The data was collected via a self administered pilot tested, internally

        consistent questionnaire which included patients' sociodemographic

        characteristics and their response to the 21 items rated as highly

        encouraging, encouraging, has no effect or discouraging utilization of

        offered health services. RESULTS: More than 60% of the patients were

        males, aged 15-39 years, 47% finished secondary school, 5.2% were

        illiterate, 58% of all patients were married, more than 60% were

        employees and approximately 60% have a monthly income of less than 4500

        Saudi Riyals. Manpower factors particularly the physician, Arabic

        speaking health team and free service were the most encouraging factors,

        while overcrowding and geographical location of the PHCCs, particularly

        location near public services, were the least encouraging factors.

        Patients' gender, education and occupation were the most important and

        age was the least important patients' characteristics associated with

        utilization factors. CONCLUSION: An experienced physician, Moslem

        physicians and an Arabic speaking health team offering free service in

        PHCCs located near patients' homes can augment utilization of services.

 

        8.Saudi Med J. 2002 Aug;23(8):909-14.Related Articles, Links

        Mothers' practices during pregnancy, lactation and care of their

        children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

        Al-Othman AM, Saeed AA, Bani IA, Al-Murshed KS.

 

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Kingdom of

        Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (1) 4355392/4355010. Fax. +966 (1) 4355883.

        E-mail: asaeed@ksu.edu.sa or amothman@ksu.edu.sa

 

        OBJECTIVE: To study mothers' practices during pregnancy, lactation and

        care during the first 2 years. METHODS: A cross section study was

        carried out in 5 Primary Health Care Centres (PHCC) in Riyadh, Kingdom

        of Saudi Arabia. Two hundred and fifty women (50 from each PHCC) who

        have children less than 2-years of age who visited the selected PHCCs

        during the study period were selected by systematic random sampling.

        Data was collected via a questionnaire which contained sociodemographic

        characteristics of the mother and their children and mothers' practices

        during pregnancy, lactation and the care of their children. RESULTS:

        Approximately 73% of the mothers breast fed their children initially but

        only 37.6% are currently breast feeding their children. The majority of

        the mothers started breast feeding during 1-8 hours after delivery, 63%

        added supplementary foods to their children at 4-8 months. The majority

        of mothers visited antenatal clinics during pregnancy, vaccinated their

        children and followed up their children in well baby clinics. Half of

        the mothers are currently using contraceptives and 19% are consuming

        less food during pregnancy. The mothers' educational level was the most

        important factor associated with mothers' practices. CONCLUSION: Some

        mothers' practices during pregnancy, lactation and child care needs

        corrective intervention.

9. Saudi Med J. 2001 Mar;22(3):262-7.Related Articles, Links

        Satisfaction and correlates of patients' satisfaction with physicians'

        services in primary health care centers.

        Saeed AA, Mohammed BA, Magzoub ME, Al-Doghaither AH.

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

        asaeed@ksu.edu.sa

        OBJECTIVE: To estimate quantitatively consumers' satisfaction and

        correlates of satisfaction with physicians' services provided by

        Ministry of Health Primary Health Care Centers in attending consumers.

        METHODS: Consumers (n = 540) attending the selected Primary Health Care

        Centers in Riyadh were asked about their satisfaction with physician's

        services. Eight Primary Health Care Centers were randomly selected

        according to the geographical location, two from each geographical zone.

        Seventy-five subjects were selected systematically where every tenth

        Saudi aged 15 years and above who visited the selected Primary Health

        Care Centers during the study period was chosen. Data was collected via

        a self administered pilot tested, internally consistent patient

        satisfaction questionnaire which included socio-demographic

        characteristics as well as the overall and differential satisfaction

        with the different aspects of physicians' services in the selected

        Primary Health Care Centers rated in a scale of 1 5 points, the higher

        the score the higher the satisfaction. RESULTS: The results revealed

        that males constituted 60%, and 58% of all patients were married, more

        than 60% were employees and more than 70% have a monthly income of less

        than 6000 Saudi Riyals. Almost 95% have an open file in the Primary

        Health Care Center and 39% think that the distance to the Primary Health

        Care Center is far or very far. The summary satisfaction score was 3.77

        points and the mean satisfaction with the services provided by

        physicians was 2.56 points out of a maximum of 5 points The highest

        satisfaction was for discussing psychological aspects of patients'

        problems (2.96 points) and the lowest was for attentive listening to

        patients' complaints (2.22 points). Physicians' communication skills

        were more satisfactory to patients than their professional skills and

        satisfying patients' wishes scored the lowest satisfaction- Unskilled

        laborers, literate patients and patients with higher income showed

        significantly higher mean satisfaction while students, illiterates,

        those aged less than 50 years and patients with income less than 6000

        Riyals per months scored the lowest satisfaction. The longer the

        distance traveled the lower the satisfaction scores but having a file

        or not was not related to satisfaction. CONCLUSION: Some physicians'

        service items need corrective intervention and students and young

        patients appear to need more attention

 

11. J R Soc Health. 2000 Sep;120(3):170-4.Related Articles, Links

Patients' satisfaction with physicians' services in primary healthcare

        centres in Kuwait City, Kuwait.

al-Doghaither AH, Abdelrhman BM, Saeed AA.

Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Enhancing patient satisfaction offers a way of optimising health status

        and helps in the reduction of wastage of medical resources. The direct

        measurement of patient satisfaction is new in Kuwait. This study aimed

        to assess patient satisfaction with respect to physicians' services in

        primary health care (PHC) and to determine the association of patients

        sociodemographic variables on their satisfaction level. The sample

        consisted of 301 patients selected systematically from five primary

        healthcare centres (PHCC) to represent various geographic areas in

        Kuwait. The data were collected by personal interview using a structured

        questionnaire. The overall mean satisfaction with physician services was

        2.21 points out of a maximum of five points. The results from multiple

        regression analysis indicated that gender, marital status, occupation

        and income are the most important predictors, with females, married,

        labourers and higher income levels having the highest mean satisfaction

        score. The principal component analysis indicated that the most

        important aspect is 'communication' which accounted for 54% of the total

        variance. The results suggested a need for an educational programme to

        inform patients of the objectives and limits of primary health services.

12.Saudi Med J. 2000 May;21(5):447-54.Related Articles, Links

Consumers' satisfaction with primary health services in the city of

        Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Al-Doghaither AH, Saeed AA.

Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Kingdom of

        Saudi Arabia.

OBJECTIVE: To study consumers' satisfaction and socio-demographic

        correlates of satisfaction with services provided by Primary Health Care

        Centres in the city of Jeddah. METHODS: Study subjects included the

        consumers visiting the Primary Health Care Centres during the study

        period. Four Primary Health Care Centres were randomly selected from

        Jeddah according to the geographical location. Seventy five subjects

        were selected systematically where every tenth Saudi aged 15 years or

        above was chosen. Data was collected via a self administered pilot

        tested questionnaire which included socio-demographic characteristics,

        as well as the overall and differential satisfaction with the different

        services and facilities in the selected Primary Health Care Centres

        rated on a scale of 1 - 5 points, the higher the score the higher the

        satisfaction. RESULTS: Male subjects constituted 60% of the visitors.

        More than half of the subjects were young 15-29 years of age, about 58%

        were married, 50% completed intermediate/secondary school, more than two

        fifths of the subjects were employees and more than three quarters have

        a monthly income of 6000 Saudi Riyals or less. The summary satisfaction

        score was 3.76 points and the overall satisfaction with the services

        provided was 2.45 points out of a maximum of 5 points. The highest

        satisfaction was for dental clinic (3.44 points) and the lowest for co-

        operation of the receptionist (1.95 point). Unskilled laborers showed

        the highest summary and overall satisfaction (4.31 and 2.71 points) and

        students showed the lowest satisfaction scores (3.54 and 1.89 points).

        Other socio-demographic variables were not significantly related to

        summary and overall satisfaction scores. CONCLUSION: Measuring

        satisfaction by asking one summary question tends to give a

        significantly higher satisfaction score compared to satisfaction score

        taking in consideration of all services offered. Certain service

        components need corrective intervention measures to make them more

        satisfactory to consumers.

 

13.Saudi Med J. 2000 Dec;21(12):1152-6.Related Articles, Links

        Prevalence and correlates of acute respiratory infections in children

        less than two years of age.

        Saeed AA, Bani IA.

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Kingdom of

        Saudi Arabia. asaeed@ksu.edu.sa

        OBJECTIVEs: To study acute respiratory infections of children less than

        2 years of age in Riyadh City and their sociodemographic and

        anthropometric correlates. METHODS: Study subjects included 250 mothers

        selected by systematic random sampling from mothers attending 5 Primary

        Health Care Centers selected by simple random sampling from the 5

        geographical zones (one from each zone) in Riyadh during a one month

        period. Data was collected via a structured pilot tested modified

        questionnaire filled in by trained research assistants who interviewed

        mothers regarding acute respiratory infections during the past 2 weeks

        in their children aged less than 2 years. Heights and weights of both

        children and mothers were measured and the necessary sociodemographic

        characteristics of the mothers, and children were collected by the

        research assistants in addition to mothers' practices concerning their

        child's acute respiratory infections. RESULTS: The prevalence of acute

        respiratory infection in children was 24%, mostly in children whose

        mothers are less educated, aged 35 years or more, married at age 25

        years or more and whose relatives take care of their children while

        working outside the home. The children affected were mostly 7 - 12

        months of age, lighter in weight, not vaccinated, with no follow up

        cards and not weighed during the last 4 months. About 3 quarters of the

        mothers consulted somebody about acute respiratory infections, mostly at

        modern health facilities particularly government Primary Health Care

        Centers. Tachypnea, or diarrhea or both were the most important symptoms

        urging mothers to seek medical advice. Working mothers whose children

        are taken care of by relatives is the only significant predictor of

        acute respiratory infections, and children with a follow up card is the

        only significant predictor for consulting somebody about acute

        respiratory infections. CONCLUSION: Intervention strategies to control

        acute respiratory infections in children less than 2 years of age should

        target working mothers, less educated mothers, malnourished unvaccinated

        children and encourage periodic follow up visits for children.

14..Saudi Med J. 2000 Dec;21(12):1147-51.Related Articles, Links

        Knowledge and practices of mothers about infants' diarrheal episodes.

        Moawed SA,  Saeed AA.

        Department of Nursing, College of Applied Sciences, King Saud

        University, PO Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

        smoawed@ksu.edu.sa

        OBJECTIVES: To study the socioeconomic correlates of infants' diarrhea

        as well as infants' mothers' knowledge and practice concerning diarrheal

        diseases. METHODS: Study subjects included 300 infants (150 from

        Sulaimania Pediatrics Hospital and 150 from the Maternal and Childrens

        Hospital) with diarrheal episodes during the study period selected by

        systematic random sampling. Data was collected via a structured open

        ended pilot tested modified questionnaire filled in by trained Arabic

        speaking research assistants who interviewed mothers about the diarrheal

        aspects of their infants, assessed their knowledge and practices

        concerning diarrheal diseases in children as well as collecting the

        necessary sociodemographic characteristics of the mothers, fathers and

        infants themselves. RESULTS: The majority of parents of infants with

        diarrhea were illiterate or can just read and write, mothers were mostly

        young aged 20 - 29 years, family income for about 40% of the subjects

        was less than 5000 Saudi Riyals per month. Diarrheal episodes were

        mostly in infants 6 months or less in age, mostly the first child in

        order with males more affected than females. Mothers' knowledge about

        many aspects of diarrhea was grossly deficient but tends to increase

        with increasing age, educational level, and birth order. Mothers'

        practices were better but still deficient and sources of information

        about diarrhea was mostly from non health professionals. CONCLUSION:

        Intervention strategies to control infants diarrheal episodes needs to

        be through an integrated approach aiming at boosting mothers' knowledge

        and improving their practice concerning diarrhea and improving the

        families socioeconomic status and encouraging all health professionals

        to act as a readily available source for health information about

        diarrhea and other important health problems.

15..Saudi Med J. 1998 Juner;19(6):707-712.Related Articles, Links

Hypertension awareness : treatment and control among adult hypertensives.

Hashim T, Anokute C, Al-Shammary F, Khoja T, Saeed A, Khan C.

Abstract :

Objectives : To measure the prevalence of undetected hypertension among adults residing in Riyadh city and to study the non pharmacological modalities used by detected hypertensives and compliance with pharmacologic therapy.

Methods :A cross-sectional study conducted at primary health care centers in Riyadh city selected by stratified random sampling. The subjects resident in each primary health care center catchment area were selected by systematic sampling from records in the primary health care centers . One thousand three hundreds and ninety four adults aged 15 years and more werte interviewed and examined during March 1993 to March 1994. The average of three measurements of the participants blood pressure was taken to represent their current blood pressure . A subject is considered hypertensive if the average blood pressure reading 1s 160/95 mmhg or more, or currently under treatment.

Results : The total hypertensive subjects were 214 persons, 157 of  whom were known hypertensives and were under some form of treatment but 49 subjects of them(31.2%) were apparently not well controlled. The other 57 subjects were not aware of their disease and were newly detected by the study. almost two fifths of the hypertensives on drug therapy stopped their medication without medical advice or were not taking their medications regularly. Reduction in salt intake was the most common non pharmacological method used.

Conclusion :Detected and undetected hypertension is a problem among adults in Riyadh city,many patients are not taking medications regularly and physical exercise is the least practiced non pharmacological treatment modality. There is a need for activities to prevent, control and treat hypertension in Riyadh city. Educational programs are highly needed to help in primary orevention and in secondary prevention by detecting new cases with emphasis on lifestyle modifications and compliance with pharmacologic and non pharmacologic therapies.

 

Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

17.Saudi Med J. 1997 Feb.;18(6):169 174 .Related Articles, Links

 

Self reported smoking quitting attempts and their outcomes in adult Saudi smokers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Saeed A, Khoja T,  Khan C.

Objectives : To study the factors associated with quitting attempts and their outcomes in adult Saudi smokers in Riyadh City, capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Design: Cross-sectional survey

Setting : Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs) selected by systematic sampling from their records in the PHCCs.

Participants:  One thousand five hundreds and fifty four adults aged 15 years and over were interviewed during January – April 1994.

Main outcome measure : Self-reported smoking habits, quitting attempts and their outcomes .

Results :Fifty four point three percent of all smokers attempted to quit mainly because of health and religious considerations . Only 52.6% of those who attempted to quit (28% of ever smokers) were successful quitters at the time of study with an average quitting period of  more than one year. Quitting attempts were significantly more in females, unmarried and those with no university education. Age, income , duration and intensity of smoking were not significantly related to quitting attempts and their outcome. The majority of smokers tried quitting on their own with only 18.7% seeking assistance from smoking cessation clinics in the city and  males more inclined to do this than females. More than 48% of smokers who contacted smoking cessation clinics were not satisfied with services offered . Of those who failed to quit , 35% had primary failure ( 0 – 6 days quitting period) and 65% stopped for varying quitting periods  ranging from 1 – 52 weeks. No significant association was found  between both groups concerning the demographic variables studied or the duration or the intensity of smoking . Smoking contacts, stress, boredom, foreign travel and withdrawal symptoms  were important factors in relapsers.

Conclusion: More than half of all smokers attempted to quit , mostly without assistance , but only half of them were successful . The existing smoking cessation clinics require to be evaluated and services need to be improved to attract the majority of smokers who wish to quit. In addition other forms of assistance such as mass media and anonymous quitting smoking activities must be looked at and probably legislative action taken      

 

 

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

18. Tob Control. 1996 Autumn;5(3):215-9.Related Articles, Links

        Smoking behaviour and attitudes among adult Saudi nationals in Riyadh

        City, Saudi Arabia.

        Saeed AA, Khoja TA, Khan SB.

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College Of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

        OBJECTIVE: To measure the smoking behaviour and attitudes among Saudi

        adults residing in Riyadh City, the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi

        Arabia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Primary

        health care centres (PHCCs) in Riyadh City were selected by stratified

        random sampling. Subjects resident in each PHCC catchment area were

        selected by systematic sampling from their records in the PHCCs; 1534

        adults aged 15 years and older were interviewed during January to April

        1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported smoking prevalence; age of

        smoking initiation; daily cigarette consumption; duration of smoking;

        reasons for smoking, not smoking, and quitting smoking; intentions to

        smoke in the future; and attitudes toward various tobacco control

        measures. RESULTS: 25.3% of respondents were current smokers, 10.2% were

        ex-smokers, and 64.5% had never smoked. About 79% of all smokers started

        smoking between the ages of 15 and 30 years, and 19.5% before age 15.

        Significantly higher smoking prevalence and daily cigarette consumption

        were associated with being male, single, and being more highly educated.

        Relief of psychological tension, boredom, and imitating others were the

        most important reasons for smoking, whereas health and religious

        considerations were the most important reasons for not smoking among

        never-smokers, for quitting among ex-smokers, and for attempting to quit

        or thinking about quitting among current smokers. About 90% of all

        subjects thought that they would not smoke in the future. Physicians and

        religious men were identified as the most effective anti-smoking

        advocates by a much higher proportion of respondents (44%) than nurses,

        health educators, and teachers (each less than 5%). Health and religious

        education were generally cited as more effective in deterring smoking

        than tobacco control laws and policies. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking

        is prevalent among Saudi adults in Riyadh, particularly males, most of

        whom begin to smoke rather early in life and continue for many years.

        Health and religious education should be the cornerstone for any

        organised tobacco control activities, which are urgently needed to

        combat the expected future epidemic of smoking-related health problems.

19. J R Soc Health. 1996 Oct;116(5):304-11.Related Articles, Links

Aetiological factors contributing to road traffic accidents in Riyadh

        City, Saudi Arabia.

        Nofal FH, Saeed AA, Anokute CC.

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

        The study analysed 13,390 police records of road traffic accidents

        (RTAs) covering a three and a half year period according to different

        suspected aetiological factors. The majority of the accidents were

        recorded for vehicles in good condition on well-paved straight roads

        with well-operating traffic light systems. Adverse weather conditions

        such as precipitation, fog and dust were of minimal importance, with

        most of the accidents being reported during sunny days during the rush

        period of 12 noon to 3 pm. Driver's error was identified as the main

        contributing factor in about two thirds of all RTAs mainly as reckless

        driving and excess speeding. About 27% of the drivers were professional

        drivers and 41% were in the age group 25-35 years in good health with no

        alcohol or drug intake. Hence, human errors may be attributed to

        carelessness, experience, lack of knowledge or attention,

        over-exhaustion or fatigue. The effects of physical stressors on

        performance of drivers need to be further explored and clarified but

        this need not underestimate the importance of vehicle and environment

        since most accidents are multifactoral and a slight change in them may

        effectively enhance perception and minimise personal error.

        Recommendations for remedial measures adopting an interdisciplinary

        approach are presented.

20.Saudi Medical Journal 1996  , 17(1): 11 -17

Patients' satisfaction with accessability and services offered in Riyadh health centers.

Al-Faris E, Khoja T, Falouda M, Saeed A.

King Saud University

 

21.  J R Soc Health. 1993 Jun;113(3):132-5.Related Articles, Links

        Smoking habits of students in secondary health institutes in Riyadh

        City, Saudi Arabia.

        Saeed AA, al-Johali EA, al-Shahry AH.

        College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi

        Arabia.

        The smoking habits of all male and female students enrolled in Riyadh

        Secondary Health Institutes of the Ministry of Health in 1990 were

        studied using a self-administered questionnaire. The overall smoking

        prevalence was 22%. Cigarettes were virtually the only form of tobacco

        used. Males smoked about twice the females in terms of prevalence (24%

        and 14%) and intensity (14 and 6 cigarettes per day). The majority of

        smokers for both sexes started the habit at or before the age of 16

        years and the majority of them thought seriously about quitting and

        attempted to quit but only 12% of them were so far successful.

        Psychologic pressures, smoking contacts and foreign travel were

        important factors in relapses. Religious, health and professional

        considerations were the most important motives for attempting to quit

        the habit among smokers and for not attempting the habit itself for the

        non smokers.

22- Annals of Community-Oriented Education 1992, vol 5 : 105 – 109.

Magzoub M, Magzoub M, Saeed A.

Abstract :

This paper presents the student and graduate experience of the rural residency course which aims to improve the performance of doctors in rural hospitals .

A questionnaire was distributed to the final and penultimate final year students, and to graduates working at the wad Medani Teaching Hospital. The response rate was 57%. The results have shown that the course was well received by the students and graduates. Positive educational experience were mentioned by both students and graduates. Problems facing this course and how these may be resolved are discussed.

23- Saudi Medical Journal 1992 Jan 13(1): 14 –17.

Users’ characteristics and satisfaction in the use of Olaisha primary heath care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia/  

 

Saeed A, Al-Swailem A, Anokute C, Whaley R.

 

The authors studied 560 patients using a primary health care centre (PHCC) , and investigated factors related to their usage and their suggestions for the improvement of services . Distance , nationality and educational status were significant factors in usage patterns. Patients indicated shorter waiting time and satisfaction with the services were important reasons to using the PHCC. Suggestions for improvement of service include expanded parking facilities and expanded laboratory services.

 

        Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical

        Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabi

24- Annals Saudi Medicine 1991 , 11(2) : 141 – 143.

Smoking habits of King Saud University students in Riyadh.

Taha A, Bener A, Noah M, Saeed A, Al-Harthy S.

The smoking habits of 2264 male students at King Saud University were investigated. Thirty-seven percent of the students smoked, and over a half smoked more than 15 cigarettes per day. Cigarettes were the main form of smoking . Most of the smokers knew about the hazards of smoking through the media and wished to stop smoking. Nonsmokers cited religious consideration and nonsmoking parents as the most important reasons for not smoking . a public health campaign is strongly recommended to reduce the prevalence of smoking .

King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

25. Trop Geogr Med. 1991 Jan-Apr;43(1-2):76-9.Related Articles,

             Attitudes and behaviour of physicians towards smoking in Riyadh city,

        Saudi Arabia.

Saeed AA.

 

        Dept. of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences,

        King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

In Riyadh city 698 physicians were studied for their smoking habits,

        attitudes and behaviour; 48% were smokers and 34% are currently smoking.

        Males smoked significantly more than females currently and in the past.

        Smoking prevalence and intensity tended to decrease with age and

        quitting periods were longer. More than 60% of the physicians agreed

        that smoking is a major contributing factor in the causation of coronary

        artery disease, lung cancer and chronic bronchitis; less than 20% said

        the same for bladder cancer and neonatal death. Setting a good example

        for children was the most important reason for not smoking.

 

 

26- Saudi Medical Journal 1991, 12(4): 343 – 344.

 

Comparative study of the smoking  habits of physicians in Cairo and Riyadh in 10 years

( letter to the Editor)

Saeed A, Taha A.  

 

27- Saudi Medical Journal 1989, 10(6) : 508 – 511

 

Smoking habits of physicians in Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

 

Saeed  A, Taha A, Al-Shehri A.

 

King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

 

The smoking habits of physicians in Riyadh city were studied as a first step towards surveying the smoking habit among health professional and then among the different sector of the community. The aim was to provide basic information on the causes and patterns of smoking as a prerequisite for designing an effective control programme since smoking has negative health , social and economic effects .

   Of the 698 physicians who participated in the study 47% had smoked previously and 34% were current smokers ; 55% of male physician and 24% of female physicians had smoked previously but current smokers constituted 38% and 16% respectively. Half of the non-Saudi physicians and 37% of the Saudi physicians were previously smokers and 37% and 26% were currently smoking. The habit had been started by 60% of smokers while studying in the colleges of medicine or after graduation. About 60% tried seriously to quit smoking but only half of them were successful ; 80% of the smokers did not smoke at work. The majority of all physicians agreed that smoking is hazardous to health and they were concerned about it.

 

28- Soc Sci Med. 1988;27(3):287-9.Related Articles, Links

 

 

        Self-medication among primary care patients in Farazdak Clinic in

Riyadh.

 

        Saeed AA.

 

        College of Allied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi

        Arabia.

 

        Four hundred and thirty new adult patients were interviewed using a

        questionnaire for their attitudes and practices regarding

        self-medication. 69% of the patients were males and 40% were Saudis. 58%

        of the patients attempted self-medication due to the triviality of their

        symptoms or to save time and money. They used mostly analgesics,

        vitamins, tonics and oral antibiotics. 41.6% of the patients did not

        practice self-medication because of lack of information about the drugs

        or for fear of complications. Self-medication was associated with

        literacy and morbidity. Literate patients self-medicated significantly

        more than illiterates. Patients who perceived their symptoms as minor

        self-medicated significantly more than those who perceived them as

        major. No association was found between self-medication and age, sex or

        occupation.

 

       29-.J R Soc Health. 1987 Oct;107(5):187-8.Related Articles, Links

        Smoking habits of students in College of Allied Medical Sciences,

Riyadh.

 

        Saeed AA.

        Smoking habits of student in College of Allied Medical Sciences were studied using a self-administered questionnaire with 75% and 79% response rates for males and females respectively. About 47% and 12% of males and female students respectively were smokers. More than 90% of all smokers started the  habit between 13 – 18 years of age. Cigarettes were the only form of tobacco used. Media constituted the most important source for information about the hazards of smoking in 75% ,  health personnel and schools were the source for 25% of the students. Religious and health  concerns were the most important motives for not smoking among non-smokers. Heath hazards were the motives for attempting quitting in 83% of the smokers but the majority of smokers (95%) resumed smoking after cessation periods which lasted from few days to less than one year.

30- Saudi Medical Journal 1987, 8(1) ; 21 –26

Epidemiological profile and attitudes of primary care patients attending Farazdak clinic in Riyadh.

Saeed A.

Dept. of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences,

        King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

  Epidemiological factors and attitudes relating to 148 new patients visiting the Farazdak primary care clinic in Riyadh were studied during a 2-month period. Of the 148 patients 78% were males; 50% were Yemenis and 35% were Saudis ; 65% of the patients were married and 30% were single and about 50% of all patients were unskilled laboureres. Abdominal pain and low back pain were the  commonest presenting symptoms. Minor conditions of the musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal and respiratory systems constituted 90% of the diagnoses and this pattern was very similar to the to that seen in patients who attended the clinic during 1984. Distance was not a limiting factor in the utilization of the services and patients who viewed their conditions as serious or relatively serious kept their appointments. No significant association was found between attendance and non-attendance with respect to age, sex, education or travel distance. The majority of the patients were satisfied with the services provided but requested provision of drugs and investigations in the clinic itself .   

             

31-Centre for Research and Development News letter 1985, 1(2):7-9

 

Effect of distance on the utilization of Health Services, CAMS

( Review paper )

 

Saeed A.

32. Trop Geogr Med. 1984 Sep;36(3):267-72.Related Articles, Links

        Utilization of primary health services in Port Sudan, Sudan.

        Saeed AA.

        The utilization of primary health services provided by two health

        centres and a hospital out-patient department was studied. The

        epidemiologic pattern was similar in the three health care facilities;

        minor gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract and skin conditions

        formed the majority of cases. Distance was a limiting factor for

        utilization of health services in the health centres and not in the

        hospital. The average consultation time per patient was two minutes.

        Lack of drugs was the universal problem. Suggestions and recommendations

        to solve some of the problems and improve services are presented.

 

        33- Sudan Medical Journal 1984, 20: 39 –52.

 

Rural Residency course in the Faculty of Medicine , University of Gezira , Sudan.

 

Saeed A.

        Dept. of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences,

        King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

 

The Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan is adopting an innovative, integrated, problem solving and community oriented curriculum with emphasis on rural health and primary care. The rural residency course is offered to expose the students to the realities of rural areas in Sudan. Through living in with doctors in rural areas they experience shouldering their responsibilities . The course proved to be very popular among students who achieved most of its objectives . The problems encountered in the course planning, implementation and students evaluation are presented. It is hoped that the course will help, with other courses, in preparing the students for performing their rural assuagements and duties properly and appropriately. The exchange of ideas from readers about the Faculty of Medicine and the rural residency course particularly is invited.

34-Al Hakeem 1971(8):1-4

 

Burkitt's Lymphoma.

 

Saeed A

 

 
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