“Summary Of The Study”
- The Problem of the Study:
Since its inception, the social work profession places emphasis on women and their issues and poverty. On the other hand, employment of women represents a preventive program followed by the social work to avoid social problems and to protect women from becoming a burden to the society.
The status of women within the social context and their contribution to development process, lie amongst the topic which currently receive lucid attention in the domain of developmental studies in the developing countries. The extent of the lucidity of the development role that could be undertaken by women differs according to the social and cultural framework of the society.
In recent years, the participation of women in development and their integration in the labor market ranked high, particularly in the Kingdom where the society is undergoing key social changes with the economic aspect playing the major role, whether during the boom or at present stage which entail seeking for further income sources for families.
Women constitute almost half (46.6%) of the Saudi population. However, this rate does not commensurate with their rate of participation in labor market which reached only (5.8%) in 1420 H.
The government has exerted utmost efforts, during the successive development plans, to ensure participation of Saudi women in the labor force and to open new fields of employment for them within the teaching of Islamic Sharia. However, participation of Saudi women has been confined to specific jobs such as teaching, health and social fields and banks. Consequently, their participation in the labor market remained low.
Against this background, the problem of the study could be defined as follows:
How far do Saudi women employment policies, in their planning aspect, translate into practical realities in the Saudi labor market? An answer to this question will help us depict the reasons and factors behind the lower participation of Saudi women in labor market compared to plan targets.
- Objectives of the study:
1- Getting acquainted with the view points of the beneficiaries of the social policy concerning Saudi women employment about some issues of women employment.
2- Getting acquainted with the judgments of those concerned with the policy of Saudi women employment on the issues of her employment policies.
3- Getting acquainted with the opinions of those responsible for making policies of Saudi women employment concerning the issues of her employment.
4- Identifying the relationship between personal and functional variables of the respondents and their attitudes towards issues of Saudi women employment policies.
5- Preparing a realistic vision for streamlining policies of Saudi women employment in the government and private sector.
- Areas of Inquiries:
The researcher seeks proper answers for the following questions through the study:
1- What are the opinions of the beneficiaries of the social policy of Saudi women employment regarding some issues of her employment?
2- What are the judgments of implementers of Saudi women employment policies with respect to some issues concerning their employment?
3- What are the visions of those responsible for making the policies of Saudi women employment concerning some issues of their employment?
4- Is there any relationship between the personal and functional variables of the respondents and their attitudes towards the issues of Saudi women employment social policy?
5- What is the realistic vision for streamlining the policies of Saudi women employment in the government and private sectors?
- The Methodological Steps of the Study are as follows:
1- Type and Methodology of the Study:
This is an evaluative study, which depends on social survey method.
2- Population and Sample of the Study:
a- The beneficiaries of the social policy of Saudi women employment (female graduates, submitting employment applications to the ministry of civil service).
b- Those concerned with implementation of social policy concerning women employment.
c- Makers of social policy concerning Saudi women employment.
3- Tool of Data Collection:
The researcher designed and distributed a questionnaire to the beneficiaries of social policy of women employment and another one to the executors of such a policy. She also designed a form for interviewing makers of the social policy of Saudi women employment.
4- The Scope of the Study:
a- Geographical Scope: (Ministry of Civil Services, Ministry of Work and Social affairs, Labor Force House).
b- Timeframe (from 2/3/1421 to 25/6/1422).
c- Target Groups:
1- Beneficiaries of the social policy concerning Saudi women employment (female graduates)
2- Executors of the social policy.
3- Makers of the social policy.
- The Findings of the Study indicated the following:
a- Findings Pertaining to Graduates:
- (69.14%) of the graduates perceive no need for identifying specific fields of work for the Saudi women, provided that the place of work is restricted for women only.
- There are particular needs of graduate, which could be satisfied through work.
- (96.16%) of the graduates are of opinion to work in the private sector.
- There are societal and family attitudes the impede work of Saudi women.
- The graduates provided many suggestions for employment of Saudi women, the most eminent of which are creation of new fields of work and prohibition of mingling with male.
b- Findings Pertaining to Executors of the Saudi Women Employment Policy:
- Islamic Sharia is the main source of formulating Saudi women employment policy.
- (64.59%) of the respondents are of opinion that the policy of women employment is appropriate for implementation but is constrained by the traditions of the society.
- (64.29%) are of opinion that the policy is appropriate for civilizing the society.
- (78.57%) think that women employment policy is influenced by social and family changes.
- (40.44%) are of opinion that the social policy of Saudi women employment has achieved its objectives, against (26.19%) who think the opposite is true.
- There is a need for making some amendments in that policy.
The findings also included some proposals which support Saudi women employment.
c- Findings Concerning Makers of Saudi Women Employment Policy:
- Islamic Sharia is the first source of formulating Saudi women employment policy followed by labor market needs, meeting the needs of population, and the recommendations of Studies and research.
- Makers of social policy think that the policy is appropriate for implementation with the need for regular updation (84.92%).
- The majority of the sample are of opinion that social traditions are very influential on employment policy and are considered in setting the pertinent Saudi women employment regulations.
- The policy is highly realistic. However, it is in need of a mending some rules (71.70%). (11.32%) think the implementation will be difficult under the prevailing economic conditions.
- (84.91%) of the policy makers indicated lack of a specific policy for creating an enabling work environment for Saudi women.
- The policy makers agree that there are some difficulties which impede implementation of the Saudi women employment policy in the public and private sectors.