A Study of the Women / Men Administration Issue in Higher Education Institutions for Women
This study aims at recognizing the nature of women/ men administration in higher education institutions for women and its appropriateness for the system’s efficiency advancement. Afterwards, attempting to predict future prospects and identifying the most proper alternative for tackling issues pertaining to it through: analyzing the administrative organization of women administration and its connection with men administration; analyzing regulations of the Council of Higher Education as well as the universities associated with it; identifying the major difficulties restricting its ability to accomplish work in an effective and efficient manner; identifying consistency levels between performance and standards of comprehensive quality of administration; identifying points of strength and weakness as well as opportunities and major risks. Consequently, comparing its state of affairs with experiences of some internationally distinctive women colleges and universities (The U.S.A., The United Kingdom, Japan and The United Arab Emirates), with the purpose of benefiting from the efficiency and advantages of their administrative systems.
To that effect, various tools were used: attending workshops and seminars concerning the issue of women administration and the difficulties facing it as well as academic accreditation programs and the quality of higher education; conducting two workshops during which brainstorming sessions were conducted and strategic planning tools were carried out (Affinity Diagram, Cause and Effect Diagram, Interrelationship Diagraph, Tree Diagram, SWOT Analysis, as well as Gap Analysis); preparing and using administration quality standards checklist in higher education institutions in order to assess their realization; reviewing literature concerning the study of the women/ men administration issue; preparing and using administrative organization investigation form for higher education institutions for women; preparing and using a questionnaire for the purpose of recognizing difficulties facing women/ men administration in higher education institutions for women and investigate its implementation of standards of higher education management quality.
The study sample covered female and male administrators in all three administrative levels: higher, intermediate and executive administration in higher education institutions for women. The sample also encompassed higher education Saudi universities, except for King Khaled University, as well as a sample of women colleges in different cities of the Kingdom. 572 questionnaires, representing % 54 of the original study population, were returned and were valid for statistical analysis.
The study resulted in the following findings: lack of financial and material resources, as manifested mainly in the limited budget assigned for women administration and lack of technical facilities, constituted the most important difficulty facing women/ men administration in higher education institutions for women. Other difficulties were those pertaining to the lack of clarity and complexity of work procedures due to the centralization and remoteness of men administration. In addition, there were also difficulties concerning the policies and regulations of the higher education system that excluded the feminine factor and female students’ divisions. Other types of difficulties were the ones related to the administrative organization of women administration and the relation with men administration. Such difficulties are represented in the limited authorities given to the women administration; the lack of clarity concerning the organizational relations between both types of administration and lack of co-ordinations on their parts; women administration’s submission to the centralized men administration as it is located in the bottom of the organizational structure and thus controls financial and material resources. One more difficulty facing women administration in its relation with men administration is the lack of intellectual awareness of the importance of women administrative leadership and confidence in its outputs. Personal variables play an important role in determining such type of difficulties. Gender, for instance, played an important role in this context, as difficulties of this type were more severe and intense in women administration than in men administration. As for the implementation of quality standards, both women and men administration occupied low percentages of implementation with this regard.