kingdom of Saudi Arabia
King Saud University
Higher Studies Deputy
Faculty Of Arts – history department
Role of Aramco in the Eastern Region Development
Abdullah bin Abdulrahman AlAhmary
Dr.Abdullah bin Nasser Alsubaiey
This thesis was submitted to obtain the doctorate degree in history
The importance of the subject lies in giving light upon the role of Aramco in developing the Eastern region , besides giving the civilizational effect and basics of modern urbanization with its comprehensive influence upon the society , however the region before the coming of Aramco and exploring oil .. was arid from any mean of development with its already known measures as the situation was of all the gulf regions and the Arabian peninsula.. However the researcher has done this thesis in order to clarify the Aramco effect in development , and about the reasons encouraged it to develop that region , Also to know what are the phenomenon of change that such development has affected upon the economical , cultural ,and social fields . the researcher has done preface six chapters and conclusion ,
The preface included a summarized presentation for the geographical situation of the region , and a historical hint about the Aramco taking the right of exploring and producing oil , then a presentation for the activity in the region before oil production .
The first chapter entitled with .. the role of Aramco in the economic development in the eastern region , including an introduction about the acknowledging clarifying the conception of development ., then the relationship between development .. and social change then he points out in details the motives of Aramco in participating the development being followed with a survey for the fields of development shared by Aramco in giving working opportunities with what related salaries and wages , returns of the saving system, compensation and pension then a presentation for Aramco contributions in giving technical assistance in developing the industry of private sector . handling some of the company contracts , carting, with suppliers and local salesmen , the financial facilities for the private sector followed by a hint about Aramco efforts in the field of natural gas investment for the international companies , that chapter ended with a presentation of Aramco efforts in the economical development agencies in the kingdom . after that there is a hint about the influences of such developments upon the society .
For the second chapter is entitled with Aramco role in transportation and urbanization where the researcher handles that subject from many sides starts with a hint about roads and means of transportation before oil however the second axis was about the role of Aramco in providing the service of transportation . clarifying the role of Aramco in paving new ways . also its role in building the Dammam port and building the Saudi Railways . in the third axis it presents The habituation in the eastern region before oil , then a clarification of Aramco role in urban development ..talking about the role of giving possession of houses , then the program of city planning , then a presentation to its economical , urban and social influences ..
The third chapter talked about the health service in the eastern region . where the researcher handles the subject through two axis.. the first one health service before oil the second one was the role of Aramco in providing health service in the eastern region which presents the role of Aramcon in medical treatment , in building health centers , encouraging the private health sector , the cooperation with the official
Health system , then about the role of Aramco in prophylactic medicine through the program fighting Malaria . program of trachoma researches . then a presentation of Aramco efforts in the vaccination campaigns against the epidemic diseases such as smallpox , lung tuberculosis ,measles and health guidance and enlightenment .
In the fourth chapter he talked about the role of Aramco in the agricultural development and water projects . the researcher has reviewed the subject through several axis .. first role of Aramco in Agricultural development ,,through building model guiding farms in Qatif and Huffuf .. also participating in the Agricultural center of Experiments in Qatif And Huffuf, besides Alfaisal model agricultural project in Haradh , in addition to efforts in agricultural protection from blights .. also the role in building chicken farms .and fishing , besides its contribution in putting out sand project in Ahsa ,finally encouraging farmers in buying their crops , the second axis is Aramco role in water projects through digging wells in different locations in the eastern region , also its contribution in the project of turning away water and irrigation in Qatif , however the third axis .was the influence of development and water projects as well.
The fifth chapters handles the scientific life , where the researchers began with a hint about the education in eastern region before oil , then the role of Aramco in Education and the early training for its employees ,, then a presentation in building the schools in its different stages male and female , besides the programs of studying abroad for the non employees , in addition to a hint about recruiting the students in summer holidays .
The sixth chapter for the Aramco role in cultural life ,proceeded by a preface about culture before oil then a presentation of Aramco cultural efforts through Aramco Radio and Television ,making an entertaining programs , libraries ,publishing newspapers and magazines , then reviewing the scientific studies about the Arabian peninsula that were done by Aramco , then a presentation of Aramco cultural influences upon the region .