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BCH 275

Biochemistry of Blood 

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Human Heart            Monoclonal Antibodies

Blood Cancers 

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia  Learn about ALL by viewing this video.

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the stem cells in the bone marrow that produce lymphocytes. It is the most common cancer in young children. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the stem cells in the bone marrow.  The term "acute" means the cancer cells multiply rapidly, crowding out the normal cells in the blood and bone marrow.

In addition, as the number of unhealthy lymphocytes in the blood and bone marrow increases, fewer red blood cells and platelets are produced. If the bone marrow is unable to produce enough healthy lymphocytes, the patient will be unable to fight infections                                                                                 .

The leukemia cells can travel in the blood stream, or metastasize to other organs in the body where they can begin to form additional tumors. Common symptoms of ALL include persistent fever, fatigue, bleeding, easy bruising, and swollen lymph nodes                                                                                                        .

Chemotherapy is the first line of treatment, aimed at destroying the leukemia cells and allowing normal blood cells to grow. Radiation therapy, biologic therapy, and bone marrow transplantation may also be used if chemotherapy is unsuccessful. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia is the most common cancer in young children. However, nearly 80 percent of all children with ALL can be cured.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia   Learn about AML by viewing this video.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of blood and bone marrow. AML is the most common type of cancer in adults, and it can also affect children.

Inside the hollow area of the bones is a spongy core called bone marrow. It is here, that stem cells are produced. Stem cells are immature cells that can develop into components of blood: red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the body; white blood cells which fight infection; and platelets, which help blood to clot                                                                                                                       .

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a cancer of blood and bone marrow. In healthy patients, stem cells produce myeloblasts, or blasts, that develop into mature types of white blood cells. In AML these blasts do not develop into mature, healthy, cells, but rather develop into immature or abnormal cells. As the number of these abnormal cells increases in the blood and bone marrow, fewer healthy, functioning blood cells and platelets are produced.

There are many subtypes of AML that are categorized according to how mature the white blood cells are at the time of diagnosis and how different these cells are from normal blood cells. The cancer cells can travel in the bloodstream, or metastasize to other organs in the body where they can begin to form additional tumors  

Genetic Tools of Leucemia: Scientists, physicians and the pharmaceutical industry are actively developing ways to customize medical treatments to suit our unique genetic signatures. The study of how genetic variations interface with drug response and disease risk is called pharmacogenomics


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 BCH 275 Exams

 
  
  
  
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 BCH 275 -Lectures

 
  
  
  
Folder: HemoglobinHemoglobinد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Books.docBooksد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Anemia.pptAnemiaد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Erythrocytes.pptErythrocytesد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Gamma globulins.pptGamma globulinsد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Blood Clotting.pptBlood Clottingد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
WBCs.pptWBCsد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Biochemistry of the  Blood.pptBiochemistry of the Bloodد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Composition of Blood.pptComposition of Bloodد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني
Plasma.pptPlasmaد. جيهان جاويش الحسيني