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تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


Course Description:

            This course deals with the introduction of basic principles of pharmacology and the pharmacological actions, therapeutic uses, mechanisms of actions, adverse effects, contraindications and drug interactions of: autonomic drugs, cardiovascular drugs and autacoids.


Course Contents

A.     Pharmacological Principles:                                                                       6                                                                                                                                         

              Definition of Terms and Scope.                                                                       

              Drug Receptors.                                                                                                       

              Drug‑receptor Interactions.                                                              

              Dose‑response Curves.


              Factors Modifying Drug Action.

              Absorption, Distribution & Biotransformation and

               Elimination of Drugs.

              Drug Tolerance, Tachyphylaxis, Idiosyncrasy (Definitions).                

              ED50, LD50  Therapeutic Index.

              General Mechanisms of Drug Action.


B.         Drugs Acting on the Autonomic Nervous System:                                   

            1) Sympathetic Nervous System:

                        ‑ Adrenergic transmission.                                                                    

                        ‑ Types & Subtypes of Receptors.

                        ‑ Pharmacological Actions, Uses and Side Effects of

                          Direct and Indirect Adrenergic Agonists and Adre‑

                          nergic Antagonists.


         2) Parasympathetic Nervous System:                                                  

                        ‑ Cholinergic Transmission.                                                                  

                        ‑ Types and Subtypes of Receptors. 

                        ‑ Acetylcholine and other choline esters.                                               

                        ‑ Anticholinesterase & Antimuscarinic Drugs.                           

                        - Ganglionic Stimulants and Blockers.

                        - Skeletal muscle relaxants:

                        - Central and Peripheral agents                                                


C.        Autacoids:                                                                                               

                        ‑ Histamine and Antihistamines.                                                

                        ‑ Serotonin and Antiserotonin.                                                  

                        ‑ Prostaglandins & Leukotrienes.                                                         

                        ‑ Angiotensins, Kinins & Endorphins.                                                   


D.     Drugs Acting on the Cardiovascular System:                                            

                        - Cardiotonic Drugs

                        - Antihypertensive Drugs

                        - Antidysrrhythmic Drugs


E.   Diuretics:                                                                                            

                        ‑ Osmotic Agents.

                        ‑ Thiazides.

                        Loop Diuretics.

                        ‑ K‑sparing Drugs.

                        ‑ Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors.

                        ‑ Aldosterone Antagonists


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