King Saud University
  Help (new window)
Search


Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


 

Course Syllabus

 

I- Course Identification and General Information

 

Institution

King Saud University, College of Pharmacy

Department

Pharmacognosy

Course title and code

Evaluation of vegetable and animal drugs  PHG 456

Credit hours

2 hrs/week (1+1)

Program in which the course is offered

 

Bachelor degree of pharmaceutical science

Name of faculty member responsible for the course

 

Dr. Hanan Al-Youssef

Level at which this course is offered

Level 10

Pre-requisites for this course

 

 311 PHG

 

II- Objectives:  

The main learning outcomes for students enrolled in the course:

1- the course deals with the different criteria used for the evaluation of drugs of plant and animal origins.

 

2- the study, which will cover the drugs both in the crude form and in the form of pharmaceutical preparations.

 

3- will include methods to test their purity, physical and microscopic properties, constituents and contaminants including filth, herbicides and any additives.

 

4- the current regulations of the ministry of health concerning these drugs will be discussed as they pertain to each item.

III-  Course Description  

 

Theoretical Course

Topic

No of

Weeks

Contact hours

Activity

Degree

Introduction about herbal and animal drugs and their preparations

1

1

 

 

Techniques used for the evaluation of vegetable and animal drugs including physicochemical, organoleptic, microscopic (qualitative, quantitative) and separation methodologies. Emphasis will be on the procedures used for microdetermination of these drugs, and detection of micro levels of their active constituents.

6

6

 

 

Detection of substitutes, adulterants, contaminants of herbal and animal drugs including decomposition products, filth, herbicides, additives.

 

2

2

 

 

Schematic application of the above procedures for the evaluation of selected drugs in form of powders, pills, tablets, capsules, ointments, and other preparations.

4

4

 

 

Equipment, reagents and references used for setting up herbal and animal drug evaluation laboratory conforming with the regulations of M.O.H.

1

1

 

 

 

Total Theoretical course

14

14

 

 

Practical Course

Topic

No of

Weeks

Contact hours

Activity

Degree

Types of microscopes, camera lucida, preparation of powdered vegetable drugs for microscopical examination, type of crystals.

1

3

Presentation per week

 

Microscopical slides

Hand section

Microtome

1

3

 

 

Quantitative microscopy

Determination of vein islet and vein terminal number

Determination of stomatal number and index.

Determination of palisade ratio

1

3

 

 

Determination of certain values

Total ash

Acid insoluble ash

Water soluble ash

Moisture content of vegetable drugs

Linear measurements of fibers and starch grain

1

3

 

 

Evaluation methods of market samples (single or mixed)

Organoleptic

Microscopical

Physical

Chemical

Chromatography

 

 

 

 

Samples containing tea and mentha leaves

1

3

 

 

Samples of herbal teas, powdered, extracts containing anthraquinone glycosides

 

1

3

 

 

Samples of herbal teas, powdered, pills, capsules containing alkaloids

2

6

 

 

Evaluation methods of market samples of fixed and volatile oils.

2

6

 

 

Evaluation of animal drugs

1

3

 

 

Evaluation of unknown market samples

1

3

 

 

Two practical exams

2

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Practical course

14

42

 

 

 

 IV- Learning Outcomes (Knowledge and skills):

 

1- Classify a crude drugs either in animal and vegetable origins.

 

2- Estimate of animal and vegetable drugs by using different techniques (physical, chemical, organoleptic, microscopic (quantitative & qualitative)

 

3- separate active constituent by using different chromatographic techniques.

 

4- illustrate procedures used for micro determination of crude drugs and detection of micro levels of their active constituent.

 

5- examine herbal drugs

 

6- determine purity of herbal preparation.

 

7- identify contaminant present by using specific procedure.

 

 

V- Schedule of Assessment Tasks for Students During the Semester:

 

Assessment

Assessment task

Date

Degree

1

 

First midterm exam

19/4/1430

 

2

 

Practical exam

22/4/1430

 

3

 

Quiz

22\4\1430

 

4

 

Second Midterm

 

 

5

 

Practical exam

 

 

6

 

Quiz

 

 

7

 

Practical reports

 

 

8

Presentation

Per week

 

9

Homework

As necessary

 

            10

 

Final exam

 

 

  

VI- Student Support:

 

Office hours

 

Day

Hour

Saturday

 

Sunday

11-1

Monday

 

Tuesday

11-1

Wednesday

11-1

 

VII- Learning Resources

 

Required Text(s)

 

Essential References

The review of natural products. St. Louis, Mo, Facts and comparisons.

Desmet P, et al. Adverse effects of herbal drugs NY: Springer-verlag, 1992-1995:1-3.

Mc Dermott, J. Herbal Chart for health care professionals. Pharmacy Today, 1997 feb.

Recommended Books and Reference Material (Journals, Reports, ….)

Trase and Evans Pharmacognosy W.C. Evans, 2002.

Pharmacognosy and medicinal plants Nadia El- Sebakhy, 1997.

British pharmacopoeia HMSO, London UK

1998

 

Electronic Materials, Web Sites, …..

See link in my web site

Other learning material such as computer-based programs/CD, professional standards/regulations:

Power point

CD of PDR and NP

M.O.H. regulation and standard

 

 

Course Coordinator: Dr. Hanan M. Al-Youssef

 

King   Saud University. All rights reserved, 2007 | Disclaimer | CiteSeerx