This research discusses the influence of children programs presented by the Saudi television on children. A field study was conducted on a sample of “150” children from Riyadh. In addition to a sample of “50” practitioners including (both males and females): teachers, social supervisors and writers of children programs and directors in the Saudi television. The study dealt with the programs presented by the Saudi television for the course of Almoharram 1405 A.D. in the first and second channels. Research contains 3 chapters the first one was designated to the theoretical study and included 5 topics that are:
The first topic: a historical background about the Saudi television.
The second topic: the meaning of childhood, its stages and characteristics and the development of awareness in children.
The third topic: emotional and behavioral effects of television (withdrawal from reality). And health and family relationships.
The fourth topic: the role played by television programs in the social nurturing of the child.
The fifth topic: the effect of television on children.
The second chapter: included the procedures of the field study and defining the features of the children sample and that of practitioners and includes three topics that are:-
The first topic: methodology of the study and the design of research certificate and information collection and choice of the sample and gathering of certificates followed by classification of data.
The second topic: defining the features of the children sample.
The third topic: defining the features of the practitioners sample.
The third chapter: includes the findings of the field study divided into 3 topics that are:-
The first topic: children sample findings.
The second topic: practitioners sample findings.
The third topic: analysis of study findings and recommendations and suggestions.
First: the general results, the most important of which was the children sample findings which are:-
§ It was found that there is a good sample of children that answered (yes). The family is works on providing a suitable atmosphere for the children to watch children programs.
§ It was shown that the program (open up sesame) had succeeded to a great extent in achieving the biggest number of audience that cares for watching it more than other programs as well as it achieved the biggest deal of benefit to children during watching it.
§ It was shown that there are many purpose for watching (open up sesame) program the most important of which is entertainment and ease of comprehension and learning of reading and writing and numbers besides knowledge development.
§ It was shown that, watching the 2 programs (open up sesame) and (sesame street) was for learning and development of general knowledge.
Practitioners sample findings:
The study had shown that there is a great match between the points of view of children and practitioners samples as the practitioners sample agreed largely about the role of family in the factors of the promotion nurturing as they agree on directing children to the programs that are beneficial for them and also to watch religious programs and directing them towards watching (open up sesame) program.
Second: recommendations and suggestions:
§ Translation all that can be translated of cartoons and decreasing the length of the show and reducing repetition times.
§ Preparation of stories about the history of Islamic and Arabic nations and also its good customs and habits.
§ Formation of companies that are specialized in the production of children programs and movies.
§ Translation of children local series into other languages.
§ Children programs have to focus on planting good habits and religious, behavioral, social and health values in children.
§ The programs must be presented by Arab children and actors from Arabic countries to make these programs familiar and effective for children.