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1-    In reference to speech , choice of words takes place in

a-     Wernicke`s area  (XXX)

b-    Brocas area

c-     Angular gyrus

d-    Motor area


2- Regarding Wernicke`s area

a- Located at the anterior end of the superior temporal gyrus  

          b-It is specialized in word formation

c- Responsible about the motor function of speech

d- Responsible about comprehension of auditory & visual information  (XXX)


3- In reference to the Agular Gyrus

          a- Located at the lower end of the premotoer area

b- Located behind Brocas area fused posteriorly into the visual cortex

c- It is the area where interpretation of information obtained from reading from visual cortex    (XXXXX)

          d- All of the above


4- in reference to Dyslexia (word blindness):

          a- Is it type of aphasia produced by lesion to the arccuate fasiculus

          b- Auditory comprehension is abnormal

          c- Interruption in the flow of visual experience (XXXX)

          d- Both auditory and visual comprehension is affected


5- Patient suffering from Sensory or Wernikes aphasia (fluent) characterised by:

          a- Impaired word formation

          b- Impaired comprehension (XXX)

          c- Limited speech

          d- Intact intellectual function












1- The following are part of the external ear except:

a-       Ear Pinna

b-     External auditory canal

c-      Tympanic Membrane (funnel shaped, pointing inward)

d-     Eustachian tube         (XXXX)



2- The following are related to the middle ear structure except:

 -a- It is an Air filled cavity

b-      consist of three bones: Mallaus , Incus  and Stapes

c-       Tensor tympani and stapiduse muscles

d-      Tympanic Membrane (XXX)



3- Regarding the characteristics of sound

a- Pitch (Tone) depend on  No. of        cycle/minutes.

b- Human ear can detect sound waves with freq..above 20000 cycle /sec

c-      Intensity (Loudness) is the frequency of sound wave

d-     Quality depend on the over tone or interference  (XXX)



4- Regarding the Inner ear structure:

A-it is snail like, coiled tubular system laying deep in the parietal bone

B-It is a system of three coiled tubes through its length (XXX)

c- The basilar m. & the reissners m divide it into two canals

d-Scala Vestibuli contain the organ of corti



5- Organ of Corti

A-Located (resting) on the basilar m.

b- Contain inner & outer hair cells

c-Extend from base to apex

            d- all of the above    (XXX)



6- Regarding the Central Auditory pathway

a-This pathway begins in the organ of oval window

B-End in the primary auditory cortex (are 46& 47)

C-most fibers cross to the opposite side at medulla oblongata level (XXX)

d- all of the above










 1-in reference to taste nerve supply:

a-      Anterior 2/3 of the tongue supplied by the VII cranial nerve (XXX)

b-     The anterior 1/3 of the tongue supplied by XI cranial nerve

c-      The tongue supplied by the VII cranial nerve only

d-     Posterior 1/3 of the tongue supplied by the X cranial nerve

 The palate, pharynx, epiglottis supplied by XI cranial nerve


2- •Hypergeusia is:

a- can be found in Adrenal insufficiency (XX)

b- Is alteration in taste sensation

c- Can occur following flu. Infection

d- due to damage to the taste buds




1-     in reference to smell sensation:

 a- Adaptation can occur to pleasant smells only

 b- Olfactory mucus can be found lining the whole of the nasal cavity

c-  Human can differentiate between 2000-4000 odours (XXX)

 d- Olfactory receptors are unipolar neurone



         2- Anosmia is

a-loss of smell sensation (XX)

b-alteration in smell sensation

c-increase in smelll sensation

d- Decrease in smell sensation





1-    Regarding  memory it is:

             a- Formation of memory trace only

 b- It is the ability to do things which one was not able to do before

 c- Is the ability to recall the learning at conscious or unconscious level (XXX)

 d- Is the ability to recall the learning at conscious level


2- in reference to Reflexive (Implicit) memory

a- Totally unconscious memory

b- Its retention dose not depend on hippocampus

c- Include: skills, habits, conditioned reflexes

d- all of the above  (XXX)


3-In reference to Declarative (Explicit) memory :

 a- Conscious recall of information  (XXX)

 b- Its retention  depend on the basal  Ganglia

 c- Its retention  depend on the cerebellum

 d- skills and habits are considered declarative memory


4-     Consolidation of memory traces involves :

 a- activation of old synaptic contact

 b- Storage of information in the cerebral cortex

 c- Increased potassium intracellularly

 d- Protein synthesis (XXX)

5- Stimulation of temporal lobe evoke detailed memory of :

 a- Of event occurred in the past  (XXX)

 b- Of events will occur in the future

 c- Of events occurred minutes before the stimulation

 d- all of the above


6- Immediate (working) memory is

 a- Temporary storage of information

 b- Recall in matter of seconds- minutes

 c- Such as recalling names, telephone numbers

 d- all of the above (XXX)


7- In reference to Long term (remote) memory

             a- Whole brain involved (XXX)

             b- Only the association areas is involved

             c- Recall in matter of days

             d- Involves new neurones formation


8- Clinical characteristics of memory in older people include:

             a- Loss recent memory only

             b- Retain remote memory only

             c- Loss recent memory but retain remote memory (XXX)

             d- Non of the above



9- Memory defect in head injury patients characterised by

             a- Loss of remote memory

 b- Patients may not be able to recall memory of events happened minutes before the accident

 c- There is nom memory defect in head injury patients

 d- all of the above









1- In reference to regulation food intake

a- Feeding centre found in the posterior hypothalamus

b- Stimulation of feeding centre produces loss of appetite

c- Damage of feeding centre produce sever loss of appetite (anorexia) (XXX)

d- Satiety centre found in the dorsomadial nucleus of the hypothalamus


2- Regarding the Autonomic functions in the humane body:

a- modified by the basal ganglia and the cerebellum

b- The Anterior hypothalamus control sympathetic functions

c- Posterior Hypothalamus control sympathetic functions (XXX)

d- Posterior, Dorsomedial and Lateral hypothalamic area control parasympathetic functions


3- Body water regulation is controlled by the :

a-      Thirst centre in the supraoptic region of the hypoth (XXX).

b-     Thirst centre in the dorsomedial region of the hypothalamus

c-      Thirst centre in the posterior region of the hypoth

d-     It is not controlled by the hypothalamus


4- Heat loosing mechanism such as sweating is function of the

a-      Thalamus

b-     Hypothalamus  (XXX)

c-      Basal Ganglia

d-      All of the above




Higher function of the brain


1- Prefrontal Lesion characterised by :

      a- Dyscalculia

            b- Visual hallucination

            c- Abnormal elevation of mood or euphoria  (XX)

            d- None of the above


2- Functions of the Parietal lobe of the Brain include:

            a- Calculation

b-     Language

c-      Appreciation of size, shape, weight, texture

d- All of the above (XX)_



3- Auditory sensory information is processed in the :

e-      parietal lobe

f-       occipital lobe

g-      Temporal lobe   (XXX)

h-      Frontal lobe


Structure and function


1-     Cranial nerves nuclei are found in the

a-      cerebral cortex

b-     Pons & Medulla oblongata   (XXX)

c-      Spinal cord

d-     cerebellum


2- Control voluntary movement by prediction of the future position of each part of the body is function of the:

a-      Cerebellum (XXXX)

b-     Spinal cord

c-      Brain stem

d-      Thalamus



3- Regarding the functions of the thalamus which one of the following is true:

a- Breaking movement

b- Thalamus act as a relay station for all ascending sensory tracts (XX)

c- Control rapid ballistic movement

d- Control involuntary movement



4- The following are parts of the brain except

a- Cerebral cortex

b-     Diencephalon

c-       Cerebellum

d-      Peripheral sensory nerve endings (XXX)


5-frontal lobe of the brain is concerned with:

Thinking, intelligence

 b- Sensory integration

c- somatosensory function

d- all of the above


6- Body presentation in Primary motor cortex area (area4)

 a- Everted

 b- Inverted  (XXXX)

 c- Not crossed

 d- No presentation



7- In human brain area 6,8 are

            a- Motor cortex area

            b- Sensory cortex area

            c- somatosensory area

            d- Premotor cortex area   (XXX)



 8- In reference to the thalamus

            a – It is a relay station to all tracts

            b – It is a relay station for all motor tracts

            c – It is a relay station for all sensory tracts  (XXXX)

            d – all of the above