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George E. Carvell, PhD, PT   University of Pittsburgh
 
Unless otherwise designated the following references apply to the figure/table codes:
Brodal = A. Brodal, Neurological Anatomy in Relation to Clinical Medicine. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1981.
BC&P = M.F. Bear, B.W. Conners and M.A. Paradiso, Neuroscience : Exploring The Brain. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001.
GMOMM = G.E. Carvell, Gray Matter on My Mind: GMOMM 2001, Smalldog Productions, Inc., (electronic pub), 2001
Krieg = W.J.S.  Krieg, Functional Neuroanatomy. New York: Blakiston Co. (2nd ed.), 1953.
KS&J = E.R. Kandel, J.H. Schwartz, and T.M. Jessell, Principles of Neural Science. New York: McGraw Hill (4th ed.), 2000.
Kyriazi = H.T. Kyriazi, G.E. Carvell, J.C. Brumberg and D.J. Simons, Quantitative Effects of GABA and Bicuculline Methiodide on Receptive Field Properties of Neurons in Real and Simulated Whisker Barrels. J Neurophysiol 75: 547-560, 1996.
Nolte = J. Nolte, The Human Brain: An Introduction To Its Functional Anatomy. St. Louis: Mosby, 1999.
HRS 2305 ADVANCED NEUROSCIENCE
 BRAINS, NEURONS & NERVOUS SYSTEM ORGANIZATION FIG REFS
Reconstructed Fast-Spiking Interneuron (Smooth Stellate Neuron) from Rat Somatosensory Barrel Cortex found on Home Page is courtesy of Peter W. Land, PhD, Department of Neurobiology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh. Neuron was identified as an inhibitory neuron based on its physiological characteristics and then it was filled intracellularly with Biocytin using a patch-clamp recording technique in a brain slice.
Such neurons are required to keep our excitable brains civilized.
NOTE: QuickTime Movies have been optimized for web;  although current compression codecs are good, some loss of resolution occurs when movies are compressed.
READINGS: E.E. Benarroch, B.F. Westmoreland, J.R. Daube, T.J. Reagan and B.A. Sandok, Medical Neurosciences: An Approach to Anatomy, Pathology, and Physiology by Systems and Levels, Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 4th Ed., 1999. Chapters 1-6  and Review GMOMM 2001 Brain Structure/Function, & Brain Study Buddy